congenital


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con·gen·i·tal

 (kən-jĕn′ĭ-tl)
adj.
1. Of or relating to a condition that is present at birth, as a result of either heredity or environmental influences: a congenital heart defect; congenital syphilis.
2. Usage Problem Being or having an essential characteristic as if by nature; inherent or inveterate: "the congenital American optimism that denies conflicts and imagines all stories having happy endings" (Robert J. Samuelson).

[From Latin congenitus : com-, com- + genitus, born, past participle of gignere, to bear; see genə- in Indo-European roots.]

con·gen′i·tal·ly adv.
Usage Note: The Usage Panel is divided evenly on the use of congenital to mean "inveterate." In our 2008 survey, only 50 percent accepted this word in a sentence with the phrase "the most congenital skeptic."

congenital

(kənˈdʒɛnɪtəl)
adj
1. (Pathology) denoting or relating to any nonhereditary condition, esp an abnormal condition, existing at birth: congenital blindness.
2. informal complete, as if from birth: a congenital idiot.
[C18: from Latin congenitus born together with, from genitus born, from gignere to bear, beget]
conˈgenitally adv
conˈgenitalness n

con•gen•i•tal

(kənˈdʒɛn ɪ tl)

adj.
1. present or existing at the time of birth: a congenital abnormality.
2. having by nature a specified character: a congenital fool.
[1790–1800; < Latin congenit(us) congenital (con- con- + genitus, past participle of gignere to give birth) + -al1]
con•gen′i•tal•ly, adv.
con•gen′i•tal•ness, n.
syn: See innate.

con·gen·i·tal

(kən-jĕn′ĭ-tl)
Existing at or before birth, as a defect or medical condition. See Note at heritable.

congenital

Used to describe a condition or disease that is present at birth.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.congenital - present at birth but not necessarily hereditary; acquired during fetal development
nonheritable, noninheritable - not inheritable

congenital

adjective
1. inborn, innate, inherent, hereditary, natural, constitutional, inherited, inbred When he was 17, he died of congenital heart disease.
2. (Informal) complete, confirmed, chronic, utter, hardened, thorough, habitual, incurable, inveterate, incorrigible, deep-dyed (usually derogatory) He is a congenital liar.

congenital

adjective
1. Possessed at birth:
2. Forming an essential element, as arising from the basic structure of an individual:
Translations
خَلْقي، مَنْذُ الوِلادَه
vrozený
medfødt
meîfæddur
apsigimęsįgimtasiš prigimties
iedzimts

congenital

[kənˈdʒenɪtl] ADJcongénito

congenital

[kənˈdʒɛnɪtəl] adj
(MEDICINE) [disease, abnormality, defect] → congénital(e)
(= incorrigible) [liar] → invétéré(e)

congenital

adjangeboren, kongenital (spec); congenital defectGeburtsfehler m; congenital liar (inf)Erzlügner(in) m(f) (inf)

congenital

[kənˈdʒɛnɪtl] adj (Med) → congenito/a

congenital

(kənˈdʒenitl) adjective
(of diseases or deformities) existing at or before birth.
conˈgenitally adverb

con·gen·i·tal

a. congénito-a; engendrado-a, rel. a una característica que se hereda y existe desde el nacimiento.

congenital

adj congénito
References in classic literature ?
Of these some are congenital,-- such as 'the spear which the earth-born race bear on their bodies,' or the stars introduced by Carcinus in his Thyestes.
One had only to look at him, from the slant of his bald forehead and the curve of his beautiful fair moustache to the long patent-leather feet at the other end of his lean and elegant person, to feel that the knowledge of "form" must be congenital in any one who knew how to wear such good clothes so carelessly and carry such height with so much lounging grace.
An anatomist--even a mere physiognomist-- would have seen that the deformity of Philip's spine was not a congenital hump, but the result of an accident in infancy; but you do not expect from Tom any acquaintance with such distinctions; to him, Philip was simply a humpback.
Their children are sometimes congenital idiots, like the hero of our story; sometimes they are found in the dock at the Assizes, where they are generally acquitted by the jury for edifying motives; sometimes they distinguish themselves by one of those burning scandals that amaze the public and add another blot to the stained record of our age.
Both Kristoforas and his brother, Juozapas, were cripples, the latter having lost one leg by having it run over, and Kristoforas having congenital dislocation of the hip, which made it impossible for him ever to walk.
Young man, I have no wish to be hard on a congenital idiot who is not responsible for his actions, but I must insist on an explanation.
A devotion to Church and Throne is not in itself a criminal sentiment; to prefer the will of one to the will of many does not argue the possession of a black heart or prove congenital idiocy.
House of Representatives passed the Congenital Heart Futures Reauthorization Act, introduced by Congressmen Adam Schiff (D-CA) and Gus Bilirakis (R-FL), which supports critical research, education and awareness for congenital heart disease (CHD).
KARACHI -- Since the turn of the millennium, child deaths associated with congenital heart defects in Pakistan have been declining thanks to improve public health and poverty reduction efforts.
Objective: To determine the frequency of different systems involved in congenital anomalies to prevention and notifying strategies.
USA], Nov 23 (ANI): A recent study has linked in vitro fertilization with an increased risk of congenital heart defects.
Congenital malformation are a major cause of stillbirths and infant mortality and the aetiology of most is not fully understood.