13) As a divine light, the gifts of the Holy Spirit and the connaturality
of charity supplement natural understanding in a fuller and more consistent way than before.
Even though he draws from results of behavioural research, he emphasizes autonomy and connaturality
The presence of the Spirit gives Christians a certain connaturality
with divine realities, and a wisdom which enables them to grasp those realities intuitively, even when they lack the wherewithal to give them precise expression.
The painter endows the rabbit, in that unique act of comprehension by connaturality
which is the basis of all art, with the irreducible quality of Kreaturlichkeit (creatureliness).
In the artists' case, the outer and inner world are grasped together in what Maritain calls knowledge by connaturality
Their topics include his refutation of Hume, connaturality
and the metaphysics and epistemology of virtues, MacIntyre and Kovesi on the nature of moral concepts, legal reasoning, and Kovesi on natural world concepts and the theory of meaning.
Knowledge by connaturality
, congeniality, inclination arises only vis-a-vis quite concrete conditions of fact.
Second, although "Plato totally separates poetic inspiration from reason," Jacques Maritain notes, poetry to Aquinas is "a specific kind of knowledge" by means of "affective connaturality
which essentially relates to the creativity of the spirit" (Intuition 63, 85-86), and works with the intellect by "the indispensable instrumentality of feeling, feeling, feeling" (Intuition 87).
With regard to the analogy between poetry and grace, only a robust notion of connaturality
will allow us to see that Poetry disposes the artist to produce a suitable object in the way grace disposes the moral agent to act virtuously.
Embedded within the interiority of Christian consciousness, the experience is not psychological in nature but is a "'dogmatic' experience" involving the witness the Spirit speaks to us (49) and results in an "attunement" (50) to God and "a new connaturality
of the soul with divine things.
Moreover, O'Reilly adduces a compelling case that Aquinas grounds and surrounds discursive reasoning and judgment (per modum cognitionis) with judgment by connaturality
or inclination (per modum inclinationis).
So Habermas's first contrast is between reason as a purported relation of connaturality
between subject and object and reason as a set of social practices.