constrain


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con·strain

 (kən-strān′)
tr.v. con·strained, con·strain·ing, con·strains
1.
a. To keep within certain limits; confine or limit: "Legislators ... used the power of the purse to constrain the size of the military" (Julian E. Zelizer).
b. To inhibit or restrain; hold back: "She noticed her mother blushing and acting somewhat constrained in her conversation with the grandmother" (David Huddle).
2. To compel by physical, moral, or circumstantial force; oblige: felt constrained to object to his behavior.
3. To produce in a forced or inhibited manner: "This smile seemed to touch something off in her ... and playfully she constrained her own roguish smile" (Naeem Murr).

[Middle English constreinen, from Old French constraindre, constraign-, from Latin cōnstringere, to restrain, compress : com-, com- + stringere, to bind, press together; see streig- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]

con·strain′a·ble adj.
con·strain′ed·ly (-strā′nĭd-lē) adv.
con·strain′er n.

constrain

(kənˈstreɪn)
vb (tr)
1. to compel or force, esp by persuasion, circumstances, etc; oblige
2. to restrain by or as if by force; confine
[C14: from Old French constreindre, from Latin constringere to bind together, from stringere to bind]
conˈstrainer n

con•strain

(kənˈstreɪn)

v.t.
1. to force, compel, or oblige.
2. to confine forcibly, as by bonds.
3. to repress or restrain.
[1275–1325; Middle English constrei(g)nen < Anglo-French, Middle French constrei(g)n-, s. of constreindre < Latin constringere. See con-, strain1]

constrain


Past participle: constrained
Gerund: constraining

Imperative
constrain
constrain
Present
I constrain
you constrain
he/she/it constrains
we constrain
you constrain
they constrain
Preterite
I constrained
you constrained
he/she/it constrained
we constrained
you constrained
they constrained
Present Continuous
I am constraining
you are constraining
he/she/it is constraining
we are constraining
you are constraining
they are constraining
Present Perfect
I have constrained
you have constrained
he/she/it has constrained
we have constrained
you have constrained
they have constrained
Past Continuous
I was constraining
you were constraining
he/she/it was constraining
we were constraining
you were constraining
they were constraining
Past Perfect
I had constrained
you had constrained
he/she/it had constrained
we had constrained
you had constrained
they had constrained
Future
I will constrain
you will constrain
he/she/it will constrain
we will constrain
you will constrain
they will constrain
Future Perfect
I will have constrained
you will have constrained
he/she/it will have constrained
we will have constrained
you will have constrained
they will have constrained
Future Continuous
I will be constraining
you will be constraining
he/she/it will be constraining
we will be constraining
you will be constraining
they will be constraining
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been constraining
you have been constraining
he/she/it has been constraining
we have been constraining
you have been constraining
they have been constraining
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been constraining
you will have been constraining
he/she/it will have been constraining
we will have been constraining
you will have been constraining
they will have been constraining
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been constraining
you had been constraining
he/she/it had been constraining
we had been constraining
you had been constraining
they had been constraining
Conditional
I would constrain
you would constrain
he/she/it would constrain
we would constrain
you would constrain
they would constrain
Past Conditional
I would have constrained
you would have constrained
he/she/it would have constrained
we would have constrained
you would have constrained
they would have constrained
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.constrain - hold back
confine, limit, throttle, trammel, restrain, restrict, bound - place limits on (extent or access); "restrict the use of this parking lot"; "limit the time you can spend with your friends"
bridle - put a bridle on; "bridle horses"
curb - keep to the curb; "curb your dogs"
clog - impede the motion of, as with a chain or a burden; "horses were clogged until they were tamed"
2.constrain - restrict; "Tighten the rules"; "stiffen the regulations"
confine, limit, throttle, trammel, restrain, restrict, bound - place limits on (extent or access); "restrict the use of this parking lot"; "limit the time you can spend with your friends"

constrain

verb
1. restrict, confine, curb, restrain, rein, constrict, hem in, straiten, check, chain Women are too often constrained by family commitments.
2. force, pressure, urge, bind, compel, oblige, necessitate, coerce, impel, pressurize, drive Individuals will be constrained to make many sacrifices for the greater good.

constrain

verb
1. To cause (a person or thing) to act or move in spite of resistance:
2. To control, restrict, or arrest:
3. To check the freedom and spontaneity of:
Translations

constrain

[kənˈstreɪn] VT (= oblige) → obligar
to constrain sb to do sthobligar a algn a hacer algo
to feel/be constrained to do sthsentirse/verse obligado a hacer algo

constrain

[kənˈstreɪn] vt
(= compel) → contraindre, forcer
to be constrained to do sth → être forcé(e) de faire qch, se voir dans l'obligation de faire qch
(= restrain) → contraindre
to be constrained by sth → être contraint(e) par qch

constrain

vtzwingen; one’s temperzügeln

constrain

[kənˈstreɪn] vtcostringere

constrain

v. restringir; impedir.
References in classic literature ?
Then, it is true, the propensity of human nature to tell the very worst of itself, when embodied in the person of another, would constrain them to whisper the black scandal of bygone years.
Such another small basin of thin gruel as his own was all that he could, with thorough selfapprobation, recommend; though he might constrain himself, while the ladies were comfortably clearing the nicer things, to say:
s own dishonest act; and has used it, ever since, to torture and constrain him.
Yet I have given myself to none, and this has been my fortune: that none have sought to constrain me to marriage.

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