constrained


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Related to constrained: Constrained motion

con·strain

 (kən-strān′)
tr.v. con·strained, con·strain·ing, con·strains
1.
a. To keep within certain limits; confine or limit: "Legislators ... used the power of the purse to constrain the size of the military" (Julian E. Zelizer).
b. To inhibit or restrain; hold back: "She noticed her mother blushing and acting somewhat constrained in her conversation with the grandmother" (David Huddle).
2. To compel by physical, moral, or circumstantial force; oblige: felt constrained to object to his behavior.
3. To produce in a forced or inhibited manner: "This smile seemed to touch something off in her ... and playfully she constrained her own roguish smile" (Naeem Murr).

[Middle English constreinen, from Old French constraindre, constraign-, from Latin cōnstringere, to restrain, compress : com-, com- + stringere, to bind, press together; see streig- in Indo-European roots.]

con·strain′a·ble adj.
con·strain′ed·ly (-strā′nĭd-lē) adv.
con·strain′er n.

constrained

(kənˈstreɪnd)
adj
embarrassed, unnatural, or forced: a constrained smile.
constrainedly adv

con•strained

(kənˈstreɪnd)

adj.
1. compelled.
2. stiff; uneasy: a constrained manner.
[1565–75]
con•strain′ed•ly, adv.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.constrained - lacking spontaneity; not natural; "a constrained smile"; "forced heartiness"; "a strained smile"
affected, unnatural - speaking or behaving in an artificial way to make an impression

constrained

adjective forced, reserved, guarded, inhibited, subdued, unnatural, reticent I realised, from his constrained smile, that he resented what I was saying.

constrained

adjective
Characterized by embarrassment and discomfort:
Translations

constrained

[kənˈstreɪnd] ADJ [atmosphere] → constrictivo; [voice, manner, smile] → constreñido

constrained

[kənˈstreɪnd] adj
(= restrained) [person] → contraint(e), gêné(e)
(= bound) to feel constrained to do sth → se sentir obligé(e) de faire qch
(= limited) [resources] → restreint(e)

constrained

adj (= forced)gezwungen; to feel constrained by somethingsich durch etw eingeengt sehen; to be/feel constrained to do somethinggezwungen sein/sich gezwungen sehen, etw zu tun

constrained

[kənˈstreɪnd] adj (awkward) → forzato/a
to feel/be constrained to do sth → sentirsi/essere costretto/a a fare qc
References in classic literature ?
The photographer came out and gave a constrained, apologetic laugh.
David, though he regarded his treasure with longing eyes, was constrained to answer, especially as the venerable father took a part in the interrogatories, with an interest too imposing to be denied.
In his last extremity, the expiring breath stealing faintly through Clifford's lips, he would doubtless press Hepzibah's hand, in fervent recognition of all her lavished love, and close his eyes, --but not so much to die, as to be constrained to look no longer on her face
Beholding it, Hester was constrained to rush towards the child -- to pursue the little elf in the flight which she invariably began -- to snatch her to her bosom with a close pressure and earnest kisses -- not so much from overflowing love as to assure herself that Pearl was flesh and blood, and not utterly delusive.
Before that, I never knew what it was to foam at the mouth, but now the action of the sharp bit on my tongue and jaw, and the constrained position of my head and throat, always caused me to froth at the mouth more or less.
And she hurried again into the road, and again constrained herself to walk regularly and composedly forward.
Imagine it: Those rigid, shock-headed figures, with corpsy complexions and fish glass eyes, occupying one side of the table in the constrained attitudes and dead fixedness that distinquish all men that are born of wax, and this wrinkled, smoldering old fire-eater occupying the other side, mumbling her prayers and munching her sausages in the ghostly stillness and shadowy indistinctness of a winter twilight.
But the elastic heart of youth cannot be compressed into one constrained shape long at a time.
Elinor advised her to lie down again, and for a moment she did so; but no attitude could give her ease; and in restless pain of mind and body she moved from one posture to another, till growing more and more hysterical, her sister could with difficulty keep her on the bed at all, and for some time was fearful of being constrained to call for assistance.
I felt my heels and coat-laps peculiar subjects of assault; and parrying off the larger combatants as effectually as I could with the poker, I was constrained to demand, aloud, assistance from some of the household in re-establishing peace.
After a quarter of an hour wasted in constrained inquiries on one side, in reluctant replies on the other, she ventured near the dangerous subject at last.
In short, I was not a favourite there with anybody, not even with myself; for those who did like me could not show it, and those who did not, showed it so plainly that I had a sensitive consciousness of always appearing constrained, boorish, and dull.

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