constrained


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Related to constrained: Constrained motion

con·strain

 (kən-strān′)
tr.v. con·strained, con·strain·ing, con·strains
1.
a. To keep within certain limits; confine or limit: "Legislators ... used the power of the purse to constrain the size of the military" (Julian E. Zelizer).
b. To inhibit or restrain; hold back: "She noticed her mother blushing and acting somewhat constrained in her conversation with the grandmother" (David Huddle).
2. To compel by physical, moral, or circumstantial force; oblige: felt constrained to object to his behavior.
3. To produce in a forced or inhibited manner: "This smile seemed to touch something off in her ... and playfully she constrained her own roguish smile" (Naeem Murr).

[Middle English constreinen, from Old French constraindre, constraign-, from Latin cōnstringere, to restrain, compress : com-, com- + stringere, to bind, press together; see streig- in Indo-European roots.]

con·strain′a·ble adj.
con·strain′ed·ly (-strā′nĭd-lē) adv.
con·strain′er n.

constrained

(kənˈstreɪnd)
adj
embarrassed, unnatural, or forced: a constrained smile.
constrainedly adv

con•strained

(kənˈstreɪnd)

adj.
1. compelled.
2. stiff; uneasy: a constrained manner.
[1565–75]
con•strain′ed•ly, adv.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.constrained - lacking spontaneity; not natural; "a constrained smile"; "forced heartiness"; "a strained smile"
affected, unnatural - speaking or behaving in an artificial way to make an impression

constrained

adjective forced, reserved, guarded, inhibited, subdued, unnatural, reticent I realised, from his constrained smile, that he resented what I was saying.

constrained

adjective
Characterized by embarrassment and discomfort:
Translations

constrained

[kənˈstreɪnd] ADJ [atmosphere] → constrictivo; [voice, manner, smile] → constreñido

constrained

[kənˈstreɪnd] adj
(= restrained) [person] → contraint(e), gêné(e)
(= bound) to feel constrained to do sth → se sentir obligé(e) de faire qch
(= limited) [resources] → restreint(e)

constrained

adj (= forced)gezwungen; to feel constrained by somethingsich durch etw eingeengt sehen; to be/feel constrained to do somethinggezwungen sein/sich gezwungen sehen, etw zu tun

constrained

[kənˈstreɪnd] adj (awkward) → forzato/a
to feel/be constrained to do sth → sentirsi/essere costretto/a a fare qc
References in classic literature ?
He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.
The photographer came out and gave a constrained, apologetic laugh.
I am constrained every moment to acknowledge a higher origin for events than the will I call mine.
It is true, however, that it is not customary to pull down all the houses of a town with the single design of rebuilding them differently, and thereby rendering the streets more handsome; but it often happens that a private individual takes down his own with the view of erecting it anew, and that people are even sometimes constrained to this when their houses are in danger of falling from age, or when the foundations are insecure.
Before that, I never knew what it was to foam at the mouth, but now the action of the sharp bit on my tongue and jaw, and the constrained position of my head and throat, always caused me to froth at the mouth more or less.
After five minutes of irksome, constrained conversation, they heard the sound of slippered feet rapidly approaching.
Bad: thus doth it call all that is spirit-broken, and sordidly-servile-- constrained, blinking eyes, depressed hearts, and the false submissive style, which kisseth with broad cowardly lips.
And, as he drew towards the close, a spirit as of prophecy had come upon him, constraining him to its purpose as mightily as the old prophets of Israel were constrained, only with this difference, that, whereas the Jewish seers had denounced judgments and ruin on their country, it was his mission to foretell a high and glorious destiny for the newly gathered people of the Lord.
I had always fancied that his manner to Cynthia was rather constrained, and that she on her side was inclined to be shy of him.
But the elastic heart of youth cannot be compressed into one constrained shape long at a time.
I felt my heels and coat-laps peculiar subjects of assault; and parrying off the larger combatants as effectually as I could with the poker, I was constrained to demand, aloud, assistance from some of the household in re-establishing peace.
I am, therefore, in a measure constrained to follow that road, and by it I must travel in spite of all the world, and it will be labour in vain for you to urge me to resist what heaven wills, fate ordains, reason requires, and, above all, my own inclination favours; for knowing as I do the countless toils that are the accompaniments of knight-errantry, I know, too, the infinite blessings that are attained by it; I know that the path of virtue is very narrow, and the road of vice broad and spacious; I know their ends and goals are different, for the broad and easy road of vice ends in death, and the narrow and toilsome one of virtue in life, and not transitory life, but in that which has no end; I know, as our great Castilian poet says, that-

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