construe


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con·strue

 (kən-stro͞o′)
v. con·strued, con·stru·ing, con·strues
v.tr.
1. To understand or explain the meaning of (something), especially in a particular way; interpret: The waiter construed my smile as assent. The editorial construed the act as irresponsible. See Synonyms at explain.
2. Grammar
a. To analyze the structure of (a clause or sentence).
b. To use syntactically: The noun fish can be construed as singular or plural.
3. To translate, especially aloud.
v.intr.
1. To analyze grammatical structure.
2. To be subject to grammatical analysis.
n. (kŏn′stro͞o′)
An interpretation or translation.

[Middle English construen, from Late Latin cōnstruere, from Latin, to build; see construct.]

con·stru′al n.

construe

(kənˈstruː)
vb (mainly tr) , -strues, -struing or -strued
1. to interpret the meaning of (something): you can construe that in different ways.
2. (may take a clause as object) to discover by inference; deduce
3. (Grammar) to analyse the grammatical structure of; parse (esp a Latin or Greek text as a preliminary to translation)
4. (Grammar) to combine (words) syntactically
5. (also intr) old-fashioned to translate literally, esp aloud as an academic exercise
n
old-fashioned something that is construed, such as a piece of translation
[C14: from Latin construere to pile up; see construct]
conˈstruable adj
conˌstruaˈbility n
conˈstruer n

con•strue

(v. kənˈstru; esp. Brit. ˈkɒn stru; n. ˈkɒn stru)

v. -strued, -stru•ing,
n. v.t.
1. to give or explain the meaning or intention of; interpret.
2. to deduce by inference or interpretation; infer.
3. to analyze the grammatical structure of, esp. combined with translating: to construe a Latin sentence.
4. to arrange or combine (words, phrases, etc.) syntactically.
v.i.
5. to admit of grammatical analysis or interpretation.
6. to analyze grammatical structure.
n.
7. the act of construing.
8. something that is construed.
[1325–75; Middle English < Latin construere to put together, build =con- con- + struere to pile up, arrange]
con•stru′a•ble, adj.
con•stru′al, n.
con•stru′er, n.

construe


Past participle: construed
Gerund: construing

Imperative
construe
construe
Present
I construe
you construe
he/she/it construes
we construe
you construe
they construe
Preterite
I construed
you construed
he/she/it construed
we construed
you construed
they construed
Present Continuous
I am construing
you are construing
he/she/it is construing
we are construing
you are construing
they are construing
Present Perfect
I have construed
you have construed
he/she/it has construed
we have construed
you have construed
they have construed
Past Continuous
I was construing
you were construing
he/she/it was construing
we were construing
you were construing
they were construing
Past Perfect
I had construed
you had construed
he/she/it had construed
we had construed
you had construed
they had construed
Future
I will construe
you will construe
he/she/it will construe
we will construe
you will construe
they will construe
Future Perfect
I will have construed
you will have construed
he/she/it will have construed
we will have construed
you will have construed
they will have construed
Future Continuous
I will be construing
you will be construing
he/she/it will be construing
we will be construing
you will be construing
they will be construing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been construing
you have been construing
he/she/it has been construing
we have been construing
you have been construing
they have been construing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been construing
you will have been construing
he/she/it will have been construing
we will have been construing
you will have been construing
they will have been construing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been construing
you had been construing
he/she/it had been construing
we had been construing
you had been construing
they had been construing
Conditional
I would construe
you would construe
he/she/it would construe
we would construe
you would construe
they would construe
Past Conditional
I would have construed
you would have construed
he/she/it would have construed
we would have construed
you would have construed
they would have construed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.construe - make sense of; assign a meaning to; "What message do you see in this letter?"; "How do you interpret his behavior?"
understand - know and comprehend the nature or meaning of; "She did not understand her husband"; "I understand what she means"
be amiss, misapprehend, misconceive, misconstrue, misunderstand, misinterpret - interpret in the wrong way; "Don't misinterpret my comments as criticism"; "She misconstrued my remarks"
read between the lines - read what is implied but not expressed on the surface
mythicise, mythicize - interpret as a myth or in terms of mythology; "mythicize the ancient stories"
literalise, literalize - make literal; "literalize metaphors"
spiritualise, spiritualize - give a spiritual meaning to; read in a spiritual sense
reinterpret - assign a new or different meaning to
allegorise, allegorize - interpret as an allegory
read, take - interpret something in a certain way; convey a particular meaning or impression; "I read this address as a satire"; "How should I take this message?"; "You can't take credit for this!"
read - interpret something that is written or printed; "read the advertisement"; "Have you read Salman Rushdie?"
read, scan - obtain data from magnetic tapes; "This dictionary can be read by the computer"
consider, regard, view, reckon, see - deem to be; "She views this quite differently from me"; "I consider her to be shallow"; "I don't see the situation quite as negatively as you do"
educe, elicit, evoke, extract, draw out - deduce (a principle) or construe (a meaning); "We drew out some interesting linguistic data from the native informant"
collocate with, construe with, cooccur with, co-occur with, go with - go or occur together; "The word 'hot' tends to cooccur with 'cold'"

construe

verb interpret, take, read, explain He may construe your approach as a hostile act.

construe

verb
1. To make understandable:
Archaic: enucleate.
Idiom: put into plain English.
2. To understand in a particular way:
3. To express in another language, while systematically retaining the original sense:
Translations

construe

[kənˈstruː] VTinterpretar

construe

[kənˈstruː] vt (= interpret) → interpréter
to be construed as → être interprété(e) comme

construe

vt
(Gram) wordsanalysieren; sentence alsozerlegen; in English it is construed as an adjectiveim Englischen wird das als Adjektiv betrachtet
(= interpret)auslegen, auffassen
vi (Gram, sentence) → sich zerlegen or aufgliedern or analysieren lassen

construe

[kənˈstruː] vt (interpret) → interpretare
References in classic literature ?
Heyward paused, for he knew not how to construe the remarkable expression that gleamed across the swarthy features of the attentive Indian.
Then they seemed so familiar with French names and French authors: but my amazement reached its climax when Miss Temple asked Helen if she sometimes snatched a moment to recall the Latin her father had taught her, and taking a book from a shelf, bade her read and construe a page of Virgil; and Helen obeyed, my organ of veneration expanding at every sounding line.
I was fully old enough now, to be apprenticed to Joe; and when Joe sat with the poker on his knees thoughtfully raking out the ashes between the lower bars, my sister would so distinctly construe that innocent action into opposition on his part, that she would dive at him, take the poker out of his hands, shake him, and put it away.
I take the official oath today with no mental reservations, and with no purpose to construe the Constitution or laws by any hypercritical rules.
If it was only for her father's sake, she must not refuse him or show any disinclination which he might construe into incivility.
I remember how the gravel hurt as we left the smooth flagged margin of the house for the open quad; but the nearer of two long green seats (whereon you prepared your construe for the second-school in the summer term) was mercifully handy; and once in our rubber soles we had no difficulty in scaling the gates beyond the fives-courts.
Rather than risk an answer which might be wrong and excite a storm of abuse from the master, he would sit stupidly silent, and when it came towards his turn to stand up and construe he grew sick and white with apprehension.
I learned to play at cricket, to hate rich people, to cure warts, to write Latin verses, to swim, to recite speeches, to cook kidneys on toast, to draw caricatures of the masters, to construe Greek plays, to black boots, and to receive kicks and serious advice resignedly.
Your conscience will tell you, sir, whether I construe it well or not.
There was a self-possessed young lady connected with these accessories; and Pitcher was there to construe her.
The chapel-bell began to ring at a quarter to eleven, and Tom got in early and took his place in the lowest row, and watched all the other boys come in and take their places, filling row after row; and tried to construe the Greek text which was inscribed over the door with the slightest possible success, and wondered which of the masters, who walked down the chapel and took their seats in the exalted boxes at the end, would be his lord.
She used to consult him on passages of French which she could not understand, though her mother was a Frenchwoman, and which he would construe to her satisfaction: and, besides giving her his aid in profane literature, he was kind enough to select for her books of a more serious tendency, and address to her much of his conversation.