contrary


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Related to contrary: contrary to popular belief

con·trar·y

 (kŏn′trĕr′ē)
adj.
1. Opposed, as in character or purpose: contrary opinions; acts that are contrary to our code of ethics.
2. Opposite in direction or position: Our boat took a course contrary to theirs. See Synonyms at opposite.
3. Music Moving in the opposite direction at a fixed interval: playing scales in contrary motion.
4. Adverse; unfavorable: a contrary wind.
5. (also kən-trâr′ē) Given to recalcitrant behavior; willful or perverse.
n. pl. con·trar·ies
1. Something that is opposite or contrary.
2. Either of two opposing or contrary things: "Truth is perhaps ... a dynamic compound of opposites, savage contraries for a moment conjoined" (A. Bartlett Giamatti).
3. Logic A proposition related to another in such a way that if the latter is true, the former must be false, but if the latter is false, the former is not necessarily true.
adv.
In an opposite direction or manner; counter: The judge ruled contrary to all precedent in the case.
Idioms:
by contraries Obsolete
In opposition to what is expected.
on the contrary
In opposition to what has been stated or what is expected: I'm not sick; on the contrary, I'm in the peak of health.
to the contrary
To the opposite effect from what has been stated or what is expected: Despite what you say to the contrary, this contract is fair.

[Middle English contrarie, from Anglo-Norman, from Latin contrārius : contrā, against; see kom in Indo-European roots + -ārius, -ary.]

con′trar′i·ly (kŏn′trĕr′ə-lē, kən-trâr′-) adv.
con′trar′i·ness n.

contrary

(ˈkɒntrərɪ)
adj
1. opposed in nature, position, etc: contrary ideas.
2. perverse; obstinate
3. (Nautical Terms) (esp of wind) adverse; unfavourable
4. (Botany) (of plant parts) situated at right angles to each other
5. (Logic) logic (of a pair of propositions) related so that they cannot both be true at once, although they may both be false together. Compare subcontrary2, contradictory3
n, pl -ries
6. the exact opposite (esp in the phrase to the contrary)
7. on the contrary quite the reverse; not at all
8. either of two exactly opposite objects, facts, or qualities
9. (Logic) logic a statement that cannot be true when a given statement is true
adv (usually foll by to)
10. in an opposite or unexpected way: contrary to usual belief.
11. in conflict (with) or contravention (of): contrary to nature.
[C14: from Latin contrārius opposite, from contrā against]
conˈtrariness n

con•trar•y

(ˈkɒn trɛr i; for 5 also kənˈtrɛər i)

adj., n., pl. -trar•ies,
adv. adj.
1. opposite in nature or character; diametrically or mutually opposed: contrary to fact; contrary beliefs.
2. opposite in direction or position: contrary motion.
3. being the opposite one of two.
4. unfavorable or adverse: contrary winds.
5. perverse; obstinate; stubbornly opposed or willful.
n.
6. something that is contrary or opposite.
7. either of two contrary things.
8. Logic. a proposition so related to another proposition that both may not be true though both may be false, as with the propositions “All judges are male” and “No judges are male.”
adv.
9. in opposition; oppositely; counter: to act contrary to one's principles.
Idioms:
1. by contraries, Archaic. contrary to expectation.
2. on the contrary, in opposition to what has been stated.
3. to the contrary, to the opposite effect: whatever you may say to the contrary.
[1200–50; Middle English contrarie < Anglo-French < Latin contrārius. See contra-1, -ary]
con′trar•i•ly (ˈkɒn trɛr ə li, kənˈtrɛər-) adv.
con′trar•i•ness, n.

contrary

, converse, opposite, reverse - Contrary describes something that contradicts a proposition, converse is used when the elements of a proposition are reversed, opposite pertains to that which is diametrically opposed to a proposition, and reverse can mean each of those.
See also related terms for reverse.

contrary

1. 'on the contrary'

You say on the contrary when you are contradicting a statement that has just been made.

'You'll get tired of it.' – 'On the contrary. I'll enjoy it.'

You also use on the contrary when you have said that something is not the case, and you are going to say that the opposite is true.

There was nothing ugly about her dress: on the contrary, it was rather elegant.
2. 'on the other hand'

Don't say 'on the contrary' when you are going to mention a situation that contrasts with one you have just described. Don't say, for example, 'I don't like living in the centre of the town. On the contrary, it's useful when you want to buy something'. You say 'I don't like living in the centre of the town. On the other hand, it's useful when you want to buy something'.

It's certainly hard work. But, on the other hand, the salary is good.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.contrary - a relation of direct oppositioncontrary - a relation of direct opposition; "we thought Sue was older than Bill but just the reverse was true"
oppositeness, opposition - the relation between opposed entities
2.contrary - exact opposition; "public opinion to the contrary he is not guilty"
oppositeness, opposition - the relation between opposed entities
3.contrary - a logical relation such that two propositions are contraries if both cannot be true but both can be false
logical relation - a relation between propositions
Adj.1.contrary - very opposed in nature or character or purpose; "acts contrary to our code of ethics"; "the facts point to a contrary conclusion"
different - unlike in nature or quality or form or degree; "took different approaches to the problem"; "came to a different conclusion"; "different parts of the country"; "on different sides of the issue"; "this meeting was different from the earlier one"
2.contrary - of words or propositions so related that both cannot be true but both may be false; "`hot' and `cold' are contrary terms"
antonymous - of words: having opposite meanings
3.contrary - resistant to guidance or discipline; "Mary Mary quite contrary"; "an obstinate child with a violent temper"; "a perverse mood"; "wayward behavior"
disobedient - not obeying or complying with commands of those in authority; "disobedient children"
4.contrary - in an opposing directioncontrary - in an opposing direction; "adverse currents"; "a contrary wind"
unfavorable, unfavourable - (of winds or weather) tending to hinder or oppose; "unfavorable winds"

contrary

noun
1. opposite, reverse, converse, antithesis Let me assure you that the contrary is, in fact, the case.
contrary to at odds with, counter to, in opposition to Contrary to popular belief, moderate exercise actually decreases your appetite.
on the contrary quite the opposite or reverse, on the other hand, in contrast, conversely The government must, on the contrary, re-establish its authority

contrary

adjectivenoun
That which is diametrically opposed to another:
Translations
ضِد، نَقيض، عَكسمُتَناقِض، مُضاد، مُعاكِسمُعَاكِسمُعانِد، مُشاكِس
opakpaličatýprotinavzdory
det modsattei modsætning tilmodsatmodvilligstik imod
vastakohta
naprotiv
andstæîaandstæîuròverlyndur
正反対
반대
ietiepīgspretējaispretējībapretējs
nasprotennasprotjenasprotno
motsats
ในทางตรงกันข้าม
điều trái ngược

contrary

[ˈkɒntrərɪ]
A. ADJ
1. [direction] → contrario; [opinions] → opuesto
contrary toen contra de, contrario a
contrary to what we thoughten contra de lo que pensábamos
2. [kənˈtrɛərɪ] (= perverse) → terco
B. Ncontrario m
on the contraryal contrario, todo lo contrario
quite the contrarymuy al contrario
he holds the contraryél sostiene lo contrario
the contrary seems to be trueparece que es al revés
I know nothing to the contraryyo no sé nada en sentido contrario
unless we hear to the contrarya no ser que nos digan lo contrario

contrary

3 [ˈkɒntrəri]
adj [idea, view] → contraire, opposé(e)
ncontraire m
on the contrary → au contraire
quite the contrary → bien au contraire
unless you hear to the contrary → sauf avis contraire, sauf contrordre
adv
contrary to → contrairement à
contrary to what we thought → contrairement à ce que nous pensions

contrary

4 [kənˈtrɛəri] adj (= perverse) [person] → contrariant(e), entêté(e)

contrary

1
adj (= opposite)entgegengesetzt; effect, answer alsogegenteilig; (= conflicting) views, statements alsogegensätzlich; (= adverse) winds, tideswidrig; in a contrary directionin entgegengesetzter Richtung; something is contrary to somethingetw steht im Gegensatz zu etw; it is contrary to our agreementes entspricht nicht unseren Abmachungen; to run contrary to somethingeiner Sache (dat)zuwiderlaufen; contrary to naturewider die Natur; contrary to our hopes/intentionswider all unsere Hoffnungen/Absichten, entgegen unseren Hoffnungen/Absichten; contrary to what I expectedentgegen meinen Erwartungen
nGegenteil nt; on the contraryim Gegenteil; the contrary of what I expecteddas Gegenteil von dem, was ich erwartet hatte; unless you hear to the contrarysofern Sie nichts Gegenteiliges hören; statement/evidence to the contrarygegenteilige Aussage/gegenteiliger Beweis; quite the contraryganz im Gegenteil

contrary

2
adjwiderborstig, widerspenstig; person alsovoll Widerspruchsgeist; horsewiderspenstig

contrary

[ˈkɒntrərɪ; adj b kənˈtrɛərɪ]
1. adj
a. contrary (to)contrario/a (a), opposto/a (a)
contrary to nature → contro natura
contrary to what we thought → a differenza di or contrariamente a quanto pensavamo
b. (self-willed) → difficile, cocciuto/a, bisbetico/a
2. ncontrario
on the contrary → al contrario
unless you hear to the contrary → salvo contrordine

contrary1

(ˈkontrəri) adjective
(often with to) opposite (to) or in disagreement (with). That decision was contrary to my wishes; Contrary to popular belief he is an able politician.
noun
(with the) the opposite.
on the contrary
the very opposite (is true). `Are you busy?' `No, on the contrary, I'm not doing anything at the moment.'

contrary2

(kənˈtreəri) adjective
obstinate; unreasonable.
conˈtrariness noun

contrary

مُعَاكِس opak modsat Gegenteil αντίθετο contrario vastakohta contraire naprotiv contrario 正反対 반대 tegendeel motsetning przeciwieństwo contrário противоположность motsats ในทางตรงกันข้าม karşıt điều trái ngược 反面

contrary

a. contrario-a, adverso-a, opuesto-a.
References in classic literature ?
Pontellier was not a woman given to confidences, a characteristic hitherto contrary to her nature.
On the contrary, there was an air of neglect about his person, like that which might have proceeded from great and recent exertion, which he had not yet found leisure to repair.
Whether this answer affected their courage, or not, I cannot tell; but, contrary to our expectations, they formed a scheme to deceive us, declaring it was their orders, from Governor Hamilton, to take us captives, and not to destroy us; but if nine of us would come out, and treat with them, they would immediatly withdraw their forces from our walls, and return home peaceably.
As none such is on record, it is safe to assume that none existed Tradition,--which sometimes brings down truth that history has let slip, but is oftener the wild babble of the time, such as was formerly spoken at the fireside and now congeals in newspapers,--tradition is responsible for all contrary averments.
On the contrary, I have allowed myself, as to such points, nearly, or altogether, as much license as if the facts had been entirely of my own invention.
I would not have it imagined, however, that he was one of those cruel potentates of the school who joy in the smart of their subjects; on the contrary, he administered justice with discrimination rather than severity; taking the burden off the backs of the weak, and laying it on those of the strong.
His sister, on the contrary, had been alert to come out, and I strolled with her half an hour, seeking the shade, for the sun was still high and the day exceptionally warm.
Consider that the whale has nothing that can properly be called a neck; on the contrary, where his head and body seem to join, there, in that very place, is the thickest part of him.
On the contrary, the speeding-up seemed to be growing more savage all the time; they were continually inventing new devices to crowd the work on--it was for all the world like the thumbscrew of the medieval torture chamber.
I never have broke trust, nor used my pass no ways contrary to my word, and I never will.
Mistress Mary, quite contrary, How does your garden grow?
Gummidge's words, when that unpleasant occurrence took place, 'and everythink goes contrary with me.