serum

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se·rum

 (sîr′əm)
n. pl. se·rums or se·ra (sîr′ə)
1. The clear yellowish fluid obtained upon separating whole blood into its solid and liquid components after it has been allowed to clot. Also called blood serum.
2. Blood serum from the tissues of immunized animals, containing antibodies and used to transfer immunity to another individual.
3. Watery fluid from animal tissue, such as that found in edema.
4. Whey.

[Latin, whey, serum.]

serum

(ˈsɪərəm)
n, pl -rums or -ra (-rə)
1. (Physiology) See blood serum
2. (Medicine) antitoxin obtained from the blood serum of immunized animals
3. (Physiology) physiol zoology clear watery fluid, esp that exuded by serous membranes
4. (Zoology) physiol zoology clear watery fluid, esp that exuded by serous membranes
5. (Cookery) a less common word for whey
[C17: from Latin: whey]
ˈserumal adj

se•rum

(ˈsɪər əm)

n., pl. se•rums, se•ra (ˈsɪər ə)
1. the clear, pale yellow liquid that separates from the clot in the coagulation of blood; blood serum.
2. any watery animal fluid.
3. milk whey.
[1655–65; < Latin: whey]
se′rum•al, adj.

se·rum

(sîr′əm)
Plural serums or sera
2. Blood serum extracted from an animal that has immunity to a particular disease. The serum contains antibodies to specific antigens and can transfer immunity to humans or other animals by means of injection.

serum

Blood plasma that does not contain clotting factors but does contain antibodies.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.serum - an amber, watery fluid, rich in proteins, that separates out when blood coagulatesserum - an amber, watery fluid, rich in proteins, that separates out when blood coagulates
bodily fluid, body fluid, liquid body substance, humour, humor - the liquid parts of the body
blood - the fluid (red in vertebrates) that is pumped through the body by the heart and contains plasma, blood cells, and platelets; "blood carries oxygen and nutrients to the tissues and carries away waste products"; "the ancients believed that blood was the seat of the emotions"
antiserum - blood serum containing antibodies against specific antigens; provides immunity to a disease
serum albumin - albumin occurring in blood serum; serves to maintain the somatic pressure of the blood
serum globulin - globulins occurring in blood serum and containing most of the antibodies of the blood
opsonin - an antibody in blood serum that attaches to invading microorganisms and other antigens to make them more susceptible to the action of phagocytes
milk whey, whey - the serum or watery part of milk that is separated from the curd in making cheese

serum

noun antidote, antihistamine, antitoxin, antiserum, counterirritant, counterpoison He had swallowed a serum to ward off ill-effects.
Translations
مَصْل
sérum
serum
seerumi
szérum
blóîvatn
serumas
serums
sérum

serum

[ˈsɪərəm] N (serums or sera (pl)) → suero m
blood serumsuero m sanguíneo

serum

[ˈsɪərəm] nsérum m

serum

nSerum nt

serum

[ˈsɪərəm] nsiero

serum

(ˈsiərəm) noun
a watery fluid which is given as an injection to fight, or give immunity from, a disease. Diphtheria vaccine is a serum.

se·rum

n. suero, líquido seroso.
1. elemento del plasma que permanece líquido y claro después de la coagulación;
2. cualquier líquido seroso;
3. suero inmune de animales o personas que se inocula para producir inmunizaciones pasivas o temporales.

serum

adj sérico; — sodium sodio sérico; n (pl sera) suero
References in periodicals archive ?
An acute serum sample was collected as soon as possible from patients upon their arrival at the clinic, and a convalescent serum sample was collected on days 14-28 after illness onset.
However samples collected very early in the course of infection should be also tested by RT-PCR, and if negative, a convalescent serum should be submitted.
However, convalescent serum specimens were not obtained to help confirm Zika virus disease by serology.
Analysis of paired acute and convalescent serum samples is essential; a fourfold or greater rise in HI antibody titer between acute and convalescent samples defines acute infection.
According to the World Health Organisation, desperate Ebola patients resort to buying survivors' blood, often referred to as convalescent serum.
Opsonophagocytosis assay: Convalescent serum samples from pharyngitis cases were compared for their ability to opsonize GAS (7).
The MRC believed they could control the growing epidemic with something known as poliomyelitis serum, or convalescent serum.
Laboratory confirmation of mumps involves positive mumps immunoglobulin M (IgM), a 4-fold rise in mumps IgG titers between acute and 2-week convalescent serum, or detection of virus by culture or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in urine or throat swab specimens.
Absence of antibody to SARS-CoV in convalescent serum obtained > 21 days after symptom onset
All had nasal aspirate and acute and convalescent serum specimens collected.
Third, plaque-reduction neutralization testing was not performed, and because of the lack of convalescent serum, IgG seroconversion or titer increase were not evaluated; however, MAC ELISA is considered a valid technique for diagnosing recently acquired infection with MAYV (10).