The terms of reference for reflections on convictism originated in the early-nineteenth century, when the scornful opinions which British employers maintained of the working classes were hardened with respect to those who, on account of their criminality, were considered the refuse of their class.
Yet convictism ultimately 'served an important purpose' in stimulating occupation and expansion of the continent.
The primary role of convictism was to offend and unite free workers in defence of their own conditions and rights, and to unite humanitarians and reformers to agitate for a fairer and more civilised society.
It appealed particularly to a radical-nationalist view of Australian identity that contrasted itself to Anglo-centric conservatism, and was enhanced in the 1930s, after Wood's death, when the question of convictism became a touchstone of conflicting cultural and ideological ideas about the Australian past.
Other topics include convictism
, bushrangers, Australian Rules football, compulsory voting, republicanism, multiculturalism and whether Curtin was our greatest prime minister.
On the first view, the CPA is simply a continuation of native Australian working-class radicalism, with roots in convictism
, in the early unions and bodies like the Industrial Workers of the World.
The development of a patriarchal society in Australia that evolved out of convictism
and the need for men to depend upon each other in the absence of women (Dixson 81; Ward 100) is a central component of this discourse of masculinity.
Deliver Their Land from Error's Chain': Conversion, Convictism
and Captivity in Australian Fiction.
The importation of the modern state brought convictism
into Australia and the convict system lasted until the middle of the nineteenth century.
Also, being the first generation to reach adulthood since the abolition of convictism
, they may have had a clearer picture of themselves as inheritors of the land, a claim being undermined by government policy.
His well-written account focuses specifically on convictism
and the tourist industry at Port Arthur in the period from 1856 to 1945, but the story is brought up-to-date with a discussion of the gradual assumption of state control and eventual nationalisation of the site, in an effort to promote tourism.