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The condition of being excessively fat; obesity.

[Middle English, corporality, from Latin corpulentia, corpulence, from corpulentus, corpulent, from corpus, body; see kwrep- in Indo-European roots.]


(ˈkɔr pyə ləns)

also cor′pu•len•cy,

bulkiness or largeness of body; fatness; portliness.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin]



bay window Paunch, protruding belly, pot-belly. The visual image is of the type of window which projects outward in curved form, creating a bay or recess within. The term is an Americanism of long standing.

Since his bay window began to form … (Cimarron News, November 27, 1879)

beer-belly A protruding abdomen, supposedly caused by excessive indulgence in beer. The term has been in popular slang use since 1920.

black-silk barge British slang for a stout woman. This uncomplimentary comparison of a woman’s physique to a large, flat-bottomed vessel generally used for transporting freight needs no further explanation.

broad in the beam Having disproportionately large hips or buttocks; hippy; steatopygous. The greatest breadth of a ship is called its ‘beam,’ from its transverse timbers or ‘beams.’ The term is thus similarly applied to the width of a person’s hips or buttocks. Though most often used of women, early citations show the word was first used descriptively of men.

He stood watching disgustedly Bigges’ broad beam. (H. Walpole, Hans Frost, 1929)

butterball A plump or chubby person, especially a short one. Used figuratively since 1892, this mildly derogatory term compares a person’s physique to an individual serving of butter molded in the form of a ball.

German goiter A bulging stomach, usually the result of excessive beer intake; a beer-belly. Goiter is a thyroid gland disorder manifested by protuberant swelling about the neck. Similarly, German goiter is a distention of the stomach due to the consumption of copious amounts of beer, a beverage that Germans particularly enjoy.

pot-belly A protruding abdomen; a person with same. This common term, coined by analogy to the rounded pot, dates from the early 18th century.

spare tire A roll of fat about one’s middle; paunch, pot-belly. Such an excess of adiposity visually resembles a tire. The term has been around since 1925.

tun-bellied Extremely obese, gargantuan, elephantine. In this obsolete expression, tun ‘tub, vat’ alludes to rotundity. The phrase appeared in William Cartwright’s The Royal Slave (1639):

Some drunken hymn I warrant you towards now, in the praise of their great, huge, rowling, tun-bellyed god Bacchus as they call him.

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.corpulence - the property of excessive fatnesscorpulence - the property of excessive fatness  
corpulency, fleshiness, obesity - more than average fatness
بَدانَه، سُمْن
fita, feitlagni


[ˈkɔːpjʊləns] Ncorpulencia f


nKorpulenz f


[ˈkɔːpjʊləns] ncorpulenza


(ˈkoːpjulənt) adjective
fat. a corpulent old man.
ˈcorpulence noun
References in classic literature ?
You are her only child; you have been under my care since the sad event at Cheltenham; you are twenty-one years old on the second of August next; and, corpulence excepted, you are the living image of your mother.
The huge corpulence of that Hogarthian monster undulates on the surface, scarcely drawing one inch of water.
Fourth: Stealing unawares upon the whale in the fancied security of the middle of solitary seas, you find him unbent from the vast corpulence of his dignity, and kitten-like, he plays on the ocean as if it were a hearth.
He was a man of somewhat less than average height, inclined to corpulence, with his hair, worn long, arranged over the scalp so as to conceal his baldness.
Though the doctors warned him that with his corpulence wine was dangerous for him, he drank a great deal.
Tune the pipes to the tragedy of tallow, the bane of bulk, the calamity of corpulence.
Women of incredible corpulence were dawdling about through the cultivated grounds, and the doctor greatly surprised his companions by informing them that this rotundity, which is highly esteemed in that region, was obtained by an obligatory diet of curdled milk.
She had suffered from corpulence and had come there to get rid of her extra flesh in the baths.
Reflects Veneering; forty, wavy-haired, dark, tending to corpulence, sly, mysterious, filmy--a kind of sufficiently well-looking veiled- prophet, not prophesying.
Newman hardly knew what to say, though it seemed that to a duchess who joked about her corpulence one might say almost anything.
Holding these strong opinions on the subject with might and main as I do at this moment, here, nevertheless, is Count Fosco, as fat as Henry the Eighth himself, established in my favour, at one day's notice, without let or hindrance from his own odious corpulence.
At once came forth whatever creeps the ground, Insect or Worme; those wav'd thir limber fans For wings, and smallest Lineaments exact In all the Liveries dect of Summers pride With spots of Gold and Purple, azure and green: These as a line thir long dimension drew, Streaking the ground with sinuous trace; not all Minims of Nature; some of Serpent kinde Wondrous in length and corpulence involv'd Thir Snakie foulds, and added wings.