# matrix

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## ma·trix

(mā′trĭks)
n. pl. ma·tri·ces (mā′trĭ-sēz′, măt′rĭ-) or ma·trix·es
1. A situation or surrounding substance within which something else originates, develops, or is contained: "Freedom of expression is the matrix, the indispensable condition, of nearly every form of freedom" (Benjamin N. Cardozo).
2. The womb.
3. Anatomy
a. The formative cells or tissue of a specialized structure such as a hair, nail, claw, or tooth.
4. Geology
a. The solid matter in which a fossil or crystal is embedded.
b. Groundmass.
5. A mold or die.
6. The principal metal in an alloy, as the iron in steel.
7. A binding substance, as cement in concrete.
8.
a. Mathematics A rectangular array of numeric or algebraic quantities subject to mathematical operations.
b. Something resembling such an array, as in the regular formation of elements into columns and rows.
9. Computers The network of intersections between input and output leads in a computer, functioning as an encoder or a decoder.
10. Printing
a. A mold used in stereotyping and designed to receive positive impressions of type or illustrations from which metal plates can be cast. Also called mat2.
b. A metal plate used for casting typefaces.
11. An electroplated impression of a phonograph record used to make duplicate records.

[Middle English matrice, from Old French, from Late Latin mātrīx, mātrīc-, from Latin, breeding-animal, from māter, mātr-, mother; see māter- in Indo-European roots.]

## matrix

(ˈmeɪtrɪks; ˈmæ-)
n, pl matrices (ˈmeɪtrɪˌsiːz; ˈmæ-) or matrixes
1. a substance, situation, or environment in which something has its origin, takes form, or is enclosed
2. (Anatomy) anatomy the thick tissue at the base of a nail from which a fingernail or toenail develops
3. (Biology) the intercellular substance of bone, cartilage, connective tissue, etc
4. (Geological Science)
a. the rock material in which fossils, pebbles, etc, are embedded
b. the material in which a mineral is embedded; gangue
5. (Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) printing
a. a metal mould for casting type
b. a papier-mâché or plastic mould impressed from the forme and used for stereotyping. Sometimes shortened to: mat
6. (Electronics) (formerly) a mould used in the production of gramophone records. It is obtained by electrodeposition onto the master
7. (Mechanical Engineering) a bed of perforated material placed beneath a workpiece in a press or stamping machine against which the punch operates
8. (Metallurgy) metallurgy
a. the shaped cathode used in electroforming
b. the metal constituting the major part of an alloy
c. the soft metal in a plain bearing in which the hard particles of surface metal are embedded
9. (Chemistry) the main component of a composite material, such as the plastic in a fibre-reinforced plastic
10. (Mathematics) maths a rectangular array of elements set out in rows and columns, used to facilitate the solution of problems, such as the transformation of coordinates. Usually indicated by parentheses: (). Compare determinant3
11. (Linguistics) linguistics the main clause of a complex sentence
12. (Computer Science) computing a rectangular array of circuit elements usually used to generate one set of signals from another
13. (Anatomy) obsolete the womb
[C16: from Latin: womb, female animal used for breeding, from māter mother]

## ma•trix

(ˈmeɪ trɪks, ˈmæ-)

n., pl. ma•tri•ces (ˈmeɪ trɪˌsiz, ˈmæ-) ma•trix•es.
1. something that constitutes the place or point from which something else originates.
2. a formative tissue, as the epithelium from which nails grow.
3.
a. the intercellular substance of a tissue.
4. the fine-grained portion of a rock in which coarser crystals or rock fragments are embedded.
5. gangue.
6. a crystalline phase in an alloy in which other phases are embedded.
7. a mold for casting typefaces.
8. (in a press or stamping machine) a multiple die or perforated block on which the material to be formed is placed.
9. a rectangular array of numbers, algebraic symbols, or mathematical functions, esp. when such arrays are added and multiplied according to certain rules.
10. a similar rectangular array consisting of rows and columns of numbers, symbols, etc., used in displaying statistical variables, linguistic features, or other data.
[1325–75; < Latin mātrīx female animal kept for breeding (Late Latin: register, orig. of such beasts), parent stem (of plants), derivative of māter mother]

## ma·trix

(mā′trĭks)
A substance within which something is contained or embedded. The mineral grains of a rock in which fossils are embedded make up a matrix. Bone cells are embedded in a matrix of collagen fibers and mineral salts.

## matrix

- From Latin, meaning "breeding female," it originally was used for the uterus or womb, then for a supporting or enclosing structure.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
 Noun 1 matrix - (mathematics) a rectangular array of quantities or expressions set out by rows and columns; treated as a single element and manipulated according to rulesmath, mathematics, maths - a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangementcorrelation matrix - a matrix giving the correlations between all pairs of data setsarray - an orderly arrangement; "an array of troops in battle order"dot matrix - a rectangular matrix of dots from which written characters can be formedsquare matrix - a matrix with the same number of rows and columnsreal matrix - a matrix whose elements are all real numberstranspose - a matrix formed by interchanging the rows and columns of a given matrix 2 matrix - (geology) amass of fine-grained rock in which fossils, crystals, or gems are embeddedgeology - a science that deals with the history of the earth as recorded in rocksrock, stone - material consisting of the aggregate of minerals like those making up the Earth's crust; "that mountain is solid rock"; "stone is abundant in New England and there are many quarries" 3 matrix - an enclosure within which something originates or develops (from the Latin for womb)natural enclosure, enclosure - a naturally enclosed space 4 matrix - the body substance in which tissue cells are embeddedbody substance - the substance of the bodybone, os - rigid connective tissue that makes up the skeleton of vertebratesconnective tissue - tissue of mesodermal origin consisting of e.g. collagen fibroblasts and fatty cells; supports organs and fills spaces between them and forms tendons and ligamentscartilage, gristle - tough elastic tissue; mostly converted to bone in adults 5 matrix - the formative tissue at the base of a nailanimal tissue - the tissue in the bodies of animalsnail - horny plate covering and protecting part of the dorsal surface of the digits 6 matrix - mold used in the production of phonograph records, type, or other relief surfacecast, mold, mould - container into which liquid is poured to create a given shape when it hardens

## matrix

noun
A hollow device for shaping a fluid or plastic substance:
Translations
matice
matrix
matrico
matriisi
matrica
afsteypumótfylkigrindinnrúmmergur
matrica
macierzmatrix
matris

## matrix

[ˈmeɪtrɪks] N (matrixes or matrices (pl)) (all senses) →

## matrix

[ˈmeɪtrɪks] [matrices] (pl) n

## matrix

n pl <matrices or -es>
(= mould)Matrize f, → Mater f
(Geol, Math) → Matrix f

## matrix

[ˈmeɪtrɪks] n (matrices or matrixes (pl)) →

## matrix

n matriz f; nail — matriz ungueal
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