corticosteroid


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cor·ti·co·ste·roid

 (kôr′tĭ-kō-stĕr′oid′,-stîr′-)
n.
Any of the steroid hormones produced by the adrenal cortex or their synthetic equivalents, including the glucocorticoids, such as cortisol, and the mineralocorticoids, such as aldosterone. Also called adrenocorticosteroid.

corticosteroid

(ˌkɔːtɪkəʊˈstɪərɔɪd) or

corticoid

n
1. (Biochemistry) any steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex that affects carbohydrate, protein, and electrolyte metabolism, gonad function, and immune response
2. (Pharmacology) any similar synthetic substance, used in treating inflammatory and allergic diseases

cor•ti•co•ster•oid

(ˌkɔr tɪ koʊˈstɛr ɔɪd, -ˈstɪər-)

n.
1. any of a class of steroid hormones formed in the cortex of the adrenal gland and having antiinflammatory properties.
2. any chemically similar synthesized hormone.
Also called cor•ti•coid (ˈkɔr tɪˌkɔɪd)
[1940–45]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.corticosteroid - a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex or synthesizedcorticosteroid - a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex or synthesized; administered as drugs they reduce swelling and decrease the body's immune response; "adrenal cortical steroids are used to treat many different conditions"
sex hormone, steroid hormone, steroid - any hormone affecting the development and growth of sex organs
mineralocorticoid - hormone that is one of the steroids of the adrenal cortex that influences the metabolism of sodium and potassium
glucocorticoid - a steroid hormone that is produced by the adrenal cortex of animals; affects functioning of gonads and has anti-inflammatory activity
Cortef, cortisol, hydrocortisone, Hydrocortone - an adrenal-cortex hormone (trade names Hydrocortone or Cortef) that is active in carbohydrate and protein metabolism
cortisone, Cortone Acetate - a corticosteroid hormone (trade name Cortone Acetate) normally produced by the adrenal cortex; is converted to hydrocortisone
Decadron, dexamethasone, Dexamethasone Intensol, Dexone, Hexadrol, Oradexon - a corticosteroid drug (trade names Decadron or Dexamethasone Intensol or Dexone or Hexadrol or Oradexon) used to treat allergies or inflammation
Aldactone, spironolactone - a synthetic corticosteroid (trade name Aldactone) used to treat hypertension
Aristocort, Aristopak, Kenalog, triamcinolone - a synthetic corticosteroid (trade names Aristocort or Aristopak or Kenalog) used as an anti-inflammatory agent
Translations
corticostéroïde

corticosteroid

n corticosteroide or corticoesteroide m
References in periodicals archive ?
Study Selection: Articles on relationships between corticosteroid and ONFH were selected for this review.
Pharmaceutical company Breckenridge Pharmaceutical Inc revealed on Friday the launch of a licensing agreement with Impopharma Inc for the generic version of its leading corticosteroid product.
The effects of corticosteroid treatments on pregnant women facing preterm delivery to prevent infant death and morbidity have been thought to develop gradually over days.
A sixty-year-old right hand dominant woman with long-standing left basal joint arthritis and right small trigger finger presented for corticosteroid injections to both areas.
In group A, patients were given oral corticosteroids after the surgery (for one month duration, deltacortil 1mg/kg body weight for two weeks and tapering off in the next two weeks followed by local corticosteroid) and Group B individuals were put on topical corticosteroids soon after the surgery.
Antenatal corticosteroid treatment prior to preterm birth is the most important pharmacologic intervention available to obstetricians to improve newborn health.
Patients most often had tried a topical antipruritic, astringent, or low-potency corticosteroid before seeking care.
3] This requires essential care in the selection of corticosteroid drugs for use and their dosage regimen.
We conclude that the use of corticosteroid in IPH treatment is unfathomed and demands further investigation.
Health professionals and patients need to be clear about precautions that minimise corticosteroid side effects.
Abstract Objective To determine the frequency of allergic contact dermatitis in patients with hand eczema by patch testing with European standard and corticosteroid series.
The patients were randomized to one of four groups: corticosteroid injection, placebo injection, corticosteroid injection plus multimodal physiotherapy, or placebo injection plus multimodal physiotherapy (JAMA 2013;309:461-9).

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