Among their topics are lower eyelid blepharoplasy techniques, rhinoplasty: reconstruction of the saddle nose deformity using costal cartilage
harvest, closure of septal perforation, techniques for composite grafts in the reconstruction of facial defects, and a percutaneous approach to mandibular angle fractures.
While the auricle (83%) is classically affected most commonly in adults, the larynx and trachea (50%), nasal, costal cartilage
, joints, eye (20-60%), skin (36%), and heart (<%10) are other anatomical structures that can be affected (4).
The age range was limited to 1-45 years so that we did not encounter any problems with evaluation because of calcification in the costal cartilage
Axial CT chest demonstrates expansion of the left 9th costal cartilage
with soft tissue thickening on both the inner and outer aspect of the cartilage (Fig.
Poststernotomy osteomyelitis is a complication of open heart surgery in 1-5% of patients  that typically presents as purulent sternocutaneous fistulas and is commonly treated with combined medical and surgical therapy, including antibiotics, partial or total sternectomy, excision of infected costal cartilage
, and chest reconstruction using muscle flaps to fill the chest gap .
In cartilage, lipofuscin is deposited in the costal cartilage
 and in the nucleus pulposus of degenerated intervertebral discs .
The material used for graft is autologous cartilage harvested from right 7th costal cartilage
, septal cartilage or ear.
sup] Costal cartilage
for abundant in quality can be carved in a variety of shapes.
Demir et al21 used preserved costal cartilage
homograft for the treatment of TMJ ankylosis with good functional results and without donor site morbidity and no recurrence over a 4 years follow up.
The portion of the stomach that is in contact with the abdominal wall is represented roughly by a triangular area extending between the tip of the 10th left costal cartilage
, the tip of the ninth right cartilage, and the end of the eighth left costal cartilage
Sibson fascia arises from the transverse process of the C7 vertebra and inserts along the inner border and costal cartilage
of the first rib.
1a) who had undergone surgical reconstruction of Ear lobe for Microtia on the right side with Autologous costal cartilage
and split thickness graft has been referred to the Department of Prosthodontics, TNGDC&H, Chennai for fabrication of Auricular stent.