cough


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Related to cough: bronchitis, whooping cough, dry cough

cough

 (kôf, kŏf)
v. coughed, cough·ing, coughs
v.intr.
1. To expel air from the lungs suddenly and noisily, often to keep the respiratory passages free of irritating material.
2. To make a noise similar to noisy expulsion of air from the lungs: The engine coughed and died.
v.tr.
To expel by coughing: coughed up phlegm.
n.
1. The act of coughing.
2. An illness marked by frequent coughing.
Phrasal Verb:
cough up Slang
1. To hand over or relinquish (money or another possession), often reluctantly.
2. To confess or disclose: When he saw that the police might arrest him, he coughed up the details of what he had seen.
3. Sports
a. To lose possession of (the ball or puck), especially because of defensive pressure from the opposing team.
b. To fail to maintain (a lead in a game).

[Middle English coughen, ultimately of imitative origin.]

cough

(kɒf)
vb
1. (Physiology) (intr) to expel air or solid matter from the lungs abruptly and explosively through the partially closed vocal chords
2. (intr) to make a sound similar to this
3. (tr) to utter or express with a cough or coughs
4. (intr) slang to confess to a crime
n
5. an act, instance, or sound of coughing
6. (Pathology) a condition of the lungs or throat that causes frequent coughing
[Old English cohhetten; related to Middle Dutch kochen, Middle High German kūchen to wheeze; probably of imitative origin]
ˈcougher n

cough

(kɔf, kɒf)

v.i.
1. to expel air from the lungs suddenly with a harsh noise, often involuntarily.
2. (of an internal-combustion engine) to make a similar noise as a result of the failure of one or more cylinders to fire in sequence.
3. to make a similar sound, as a machine gun firing in spurts.
v.t.
4. to expel by coughing (usu. fol. by up or out).
5. cough up, Informal. to produce or relinquish, esp. reluctantly; hand over.
n.
6. the act or sound of coughing.
7. an illness characterized by frequent coughing.
8. a sound similar to a cough, as of an engine firing improperly.
[1275–1325; Middle English coghen, appar. continuing Old English *cohhian (compare its derivative cohhettan to cough); akin to Middle Dutch kuchen to cough, Middle High German kūchen to breathe]
cough′er, n.

cough


Past participle: coughed
Gerund: coughing

Imperative
cough
cough
Present
I cough
you cough
he/she/it coughs
we cough
you cough
they cough
Preterite
I coughed
you coughed
he/she/it coughed
we coughed
you coughed
they coughed
Present Continuous
I am coughing
you are coughing
he/she/it is coughing
we are coughing
you are coughing
they are coughing
Present Perfect
I have coughed
you have coughed
he/she/it has coughed
we have coughed
you have coughed
they have coughed
Past Continuous
I was coughing
you were coughing
he/she/it was coughing
we were coughing
you were coughing
they were coughing
Past Perfect
I had coughed
you had coughed
he/she/it had coughed
we had coughed
you had coughed
they had coughed
Future
I will cough
you will cough
he/she/it will cough
we will cough
you will cough
they will cough
Future Perfect
I will have coughed
you will have coughed
he/she/it will have coughed
we will have coughed
you will have coughed
they will have coughed
Future Continuous
I will be coughing
you will be coughing
he/she/it will be coughing
we will be coughing
you will be coughing
they will be coughing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been coughing
you have been coughing
he/she/it has been coughing
we have been coughing
you have been coughing
they have been coughing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been coughing
you will have been coughing
he/she/it will have been coughing
we will have been coughing
you will have been coughing
they will have been coughing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been coughing
you had been coughing
he/she/it had been coughing
we had been coughing
you had been coughing
they had been coughing
Conditional
I would cough
you would cough
he/she/it would cough
we would cough
you would cough
they would cough
Past Conditional
I would have coughed
you would have coughed
he/she/it would have coughed
we would have coughed
you would have coughed
they would have coughed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cough - a sudden noisy expulsion of air from the lungs that clears the air passagescough - a sudden noisy expulsion of air from the lungs that clears the air passages; a common symptom of upper respiratory infection or bronchitis or pneumonia or tuberculosis
respiratory disease, respiratory disorder, respiratory illness - a disease affecting the respiratory system
symptom - (medicine) any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular disease
Verb1.cough - exhale abruptly, as when one has a chest cold or congestion; "The smoker coughs all day"
whoop, hack - cough spasmodically; "The patient with emphysema is hacking all day"
cough out, cough up, expectorate, spit up, spit out - discharge (phlegm or sputum) from the lungs and out of the mouth
clear the throat, hawk - clear mucus or food from one's throat; "he cleared his throat before he started to speak"
cough out, cough up, expectorate, spit up, spit out - discharge (phlegm or sputum) from the lungs and out of the mouth
cough up, pony up, spit up - give reluctantly; "He coughed up some money for his children's tuition"

cough

verb
1. clear your throat, bark, hawk, hack, hem He began to cough violently.
noun
1. frog or tickle in your throat, bark, hack He put a hand over his mouth to cover a cough.
cough something up (Informal) fork out, deliver, hand over, surrender, come across (informal), shell out (informal), ante up (informal, chiefly U.S.) I'll have to cough up $10,000 a year for private tuition.
Translations
سُعالسُعَالسُعال، سُعـلـهيَسْعُليَسْعُلُ
kašelkašlatzakašlání
hostehosten
yskäyskiäyskintäyskähdysköhiä
खांसी
kašaljkašljati
köhögköhögés
batuk
hóstahósti
tossetossirecolpo di tossepagare
咳をする咳払いをする
기침기침하다
klotikosėjimaskosėtikosulysmikstūra nuo kosulio
klepošanaklepotklepus
kašeľkašľať
kašeljkašljati
hosta
ไอการไอ
chứng hoho

cough

[kɒf]
A. Ntos f
to have a bad coughtener mucha tos
B. VI
1.toser
2. (= confess) → cantar
C. CPD cough drop Npastilla f para la tos
cough mixture Njarabe m para la tos
cough sweet NPLcaramelo m para la tos
cough syrup N = cough mixture
cough up
A. VT + ADV
1. [+ blood, phlegm] → escupir, arrojar (Med) → expectorar
2. (fig) [+ money] → soltar
B. VI + ADV (fig) → soltar la pasta

cough

[ˈkɒf]
vi
[person, animal] → tousser
[machine] → tousser
n
(= sound) → toux f
(= illness) → toux f
a bad cough → une mauvaise toux
to have a cough → tousser
I've got a cough → Je tousse.
cough up
vt fus (= pay) [+ money] → raquer , cracher
vi (= pay money) → raquer cough drop npastille f pour la toux, pastille f contre la toux

cough

nHusten m; he has a bit of a cougher hat etwas Husten; to give a warning coughsich warnend räuspern; a smoker’s coughRaucherhusten m
vihusten
vt bloodhusten

cough

:
cough drop
cough mixture
nHustensaft mor -mittel nt
cough sweet
n (Brit) → Hustenbonbon nt
cough syrup
nHustensaft m

cough

[kɒf]
1. n (single instance) → colpo di tosse; (illness) → tosse f
2. vitossire
cough up
1. vt + adv (blood, phlegm) → sputare (fig) (fam) (money) → tirare fuori
2. vi + adv (fig) (fam) → cacciare i soldi

cough

(kof) verb
to make a harsh sound when bringing air or harmful matter from the lungs or throat. He's coughing badly because he has a cold.
noun
1. an act of coughing. He gave a cough.
2. an illness causing coughing. a smoker's cough.
ˈcough-mixture noun
a medicine used for relieving coughing.
cough up
a slang expression for to pay. It's time you coughed up (the money I lent you).

cough

سُعَال, يَسْعُلُ kašel, kašlat hoste Husten βήχας, βήχω tos, toser yskä, yskiä tousser, toux kašalj, kašljati tosse, tossire, 咳をする 기침, 기침하다 hoest, hoesten hoste kaszel, zakaszleć tosse, tossir кашель, кашлять hosta ไอ, การไอ öksürmek, öksürük chứng ho, ho 咳嗽

cough

n. tos;
___ lozengespastillas para la ___;
___ suppressantcalmante para la ___;
___ syrupjarabe para la ___;
hacking ______ seca recurrente;
v. toser;
coughing spellataque de ___;
to ___ up phlegmexpectorar la flema.

cough

n tos f; barking — tos perruna; dry — tos seca; hacking — tos seca y fuerte; vt to — up expectorar (form); Are you coughing up phlegm?..Cuando tose, ¿hay flemas?…Try to cough up phlegm from your lungs..Trate de toser fuerte para sacar flemas de sus pulmones…Are you coughing up blood?..Cuando tose, ¿saca sangre?.. ¿Está tosiendo sangre?; vi toser; Cough hard..Tosa fuerte.
References in classic literature ?
His breathing was hoarse, and he always had a cough.
He had heard Miss Ophelia speak often of a cough, that all her medicaments could not cure; and even now that fervent cheek and little hand were burning with hectic fever; and yet the thought that Eva's words suggested had never come to him till now.
I crept close, feeling unspeakably mean; I got my Turkish penny ready, and was extending a trembling hand to make the nefarious exchange, when I heard a cough behind me.
Better wait an hour or two, or even half a day for your letters, than run the risk of bringing on your cough again.
Though heavy and feverish, with a pain in her limbs, and a cough, and a sore throat, a good night's rest was to cure her entirely; and it was with difficulty that Elinor prevailed on her, when she went to bed, to try one or two of the simplest of the remedies.
The stronger among the girls ran about and engaged in active games, but sundry pale and thin ones herded together for shelter and warmth in the verandah; and amongst these, as the dense mist penetrated to their shivering frames, I heard frequently the sound of a hollow cough.
The invalid complained of being covered with ashes; but he had a tiresome cough, and looked feverish and ill, so I did not rebuke his temper.
The nurse gave a slight gasp and tried to conceal it with a cough.
Lecount, with another little cough, rather harsher than the first.
Thus engaged, with her right elbow supported by her left hand, Madame Defarge said nothing when her lord came in, but coughed just one grain of cough.
I fancied, indeed, that he sometimes chuckled audibly over this reflection, but the carrier said he was only troubled with a cough.
If you can cough any trifle on it up, Pip, I'd recommend you to do it," said Joe, all aghast.