counterfactual


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coun·ter·fac·tu·al

 (koun′tər-făk′cho͞o-əl)
adj.
Running contrary to the facts: "Cold war historiography vividly illustrates how the selection of the counterfactual question to be asked generally anticipates the desired answer" (Timothy Garton Ash).

coun′ter·fac′tu·al n.

counterfactual

(ˌkauntəˈfæktʃʊəl) logic
adj
(Logic) expressing what has not happened but could, would, or might under differing conditions
n
(Logic) a conditional statement in which the first clause is a past tense subjunctive statement expressing something contrary to fact, as in: if she had hurried she would have caught the bus.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.counterfactual - going counter to the facts (usually as a hypothesis)
conditional - imposing or depending on or containing a condition; "conditional acceptance of the terms"; "lent conditional support"; "the conditional sale will not be complete until the full purchase price is paid"

counterfactual

adjective
References in periodicals archive ?
Linear trends of observed post-1880 sea surface temperatures (SST) are removed from the full time-varying SST; sea ice conditions are set to an early twentieth century climatology; and radiative forcings are altered to their 1880 values in counterfactual runs, thus retaining interannual and decadal variations of boundary forcings related to internal variability (Seager and Hoerling 2014; Sun et al.
Synopsis: That One Cigarette is a counterfactual history novel following four families from November of 1963 to January of 2009.
But a new report from Lloyd's and modeling company RMS, "Reimagining History: Counterfactual risk analysis," suggests that there might be a better way.
As a result of the rise in the population share of older individuals, there has been a decline in the counterfactual participation rate.
The Logical Relationship Between Counterfactual and
Objective: Thoughts about counterfactual situations are a central feature of human cognition, key to planning in any domain of activity: What would happen if I missed a mortgage payment What if Britain were to leave the EU It seems that knowledge about counterfactual situations is possible under some circumstances.
More specifically, in phrasing that speculation as a counterfactual statement--if a fallen woman had the resolution to produce such a self-searching text, she would have been able to bear the Refuge--the reviewer makes use of a set of values that Webster's poem actively works to question, criticize, and re-form.
In the introduction to Unsustainable Oil: Facts, Counterfacts, and Fictions, Jon Gordon offers a subheading that works as a fairly straightforward summation of the book's concerns and its increasing relevance: "Literature's Counterfactual Response to All the Factual Bullshit.
McKitrick (2003) proposes that an object has a disposition if and only if there are a manifestation, the circumstances of the manifestation, a counterfactual true of the object, and an overtly dispositional locution referring to the disposition.
A counterfactual reform of changing income garnishment rate is also investigated.
This set of 29 review articles focuses on various topics in psychology, such as drug addiction, hippocampal amnesia, human communication through sound, episodic memory, counterfactual thought, psychological reasoning in infancy, developmental psychopathology and child maltreatment, the affective neuroscience of aging, gene and environment determinants of stress and anxiety-related disorders, automaticity, the psychology of habit, media effects, behavior change, past moral behavior, justice and negotiation, and the social psychology of race and race relations.
21 Physical Review Letters, delivered an unprecedented 85 percent success rate for what's called counterfactual computation: exploiting quantum mechanics to glean the information a computer would have provided had it run.