For example, in the above-mentioned case of Mexico, the villagers turning to the ejidos caused a counterreform
to privatization, reinforcing local tenure arrangements combining common and private forms of land tenure (Haenn 2006).
Marlowe, like many of his contemporaries who had to negotiate the violent cross-currents of reform and counterreform
, used the art of writing and its theatrical expression to tread this line carefully, even as he exposed the hypocrisies that kept it in place" (312).
The first time was, of course, when Flanders became the main ideological and military showroom of a counterreform
fostered by Spain.
Nor do I want to suggest that there are easy lessons to be drawn from the path of reform and counterreform
in the reorganization process.
Behind the scenes, the original initiative to amend Article 24 was actually a serious counterreform
effort orchestrated by the Catholic hierarchy, long promoted by the VAN and submitted and supported by some members of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI).
For further analysis on the development of the democratic reform movement in Thailand and its subsequent regression thanks to the rise of counterreform
tendencies, see: Kasian Tejapira, 'Reform and Counter-Reform: Democratization and its Discontents in post-May 1992 Thai politics'.
unresolved land claims when Mexico's agrarian counterreform
The Party, the Fourth Congress and the Process of Counterreform
The CNI announced it would be carrying out a series of national mobilizations to "resist" the imposition of what it considered a constitutional counterreform
on indigenous rights.
Perhaps the most important counterreform
at the national level was the Hunt Commission's creation of automatic, "superdelegates" for high-level party and elected officials.
Wuthnow, "World Order and Religious Movements," 47-65, lists revitalization, reformation, religious militancy, counterreform
, accommodation, millenarian, revivalistic, and nativistic among his categories.
Assuming the absence of a global economic catastrophe, recent income gains should provide a bulwark against counterreform