Then was heard a great noise of fagots being removed and of the groaning of posts; these were the counterscarps
and bastions of Athos, which the besieged himself demolished.
When their comrades, restrained with great difficulty by D'Artagnan, saw them lodged upon the bastions, they rushed forward likewise; and soon a furious assault was made upon the counterscarp
, upon which depended the safety of the place.
Places fortified, after the modern way, consist chiefly of Bastions, and Curtains, and Sometimes of Demi-bastions according to the Situation of the Ground, of Cavaliers, Ramparts, Fausse-brayes, Ditches, Counterscarps
, Cover'd Ways, Half Moons, Ravelins, Hornworks, Crownworks, Outworks, Esplanades, Redents, and Tenailles.
The only sections mentioned are located along the already partly rebuilt west wall and next to the Porta da traicao postern, and even so the measurements and specification deal only with relatively minor adjustments to scarps and counterscarps
at the foot of walls and towers.
During World War II, Operation Citadel (pinching off in 1943 the Soviet held salient centered around Kursk) failed because the Germans relied on the principles of the Blitzkrieg: speed was hampered by boobytraps, minefields, anti-tank diches, scarps and counterscarps
, hedgehogs, road blocks, barbed-wire entanglements and a myriad of other anti-tank and anti-personnel obstacles.
Others did fortify and rampire their walls, set up little fortresses, bastions, squared ravelins, digged trenches, cleansed countermines, fenced themselves with gabions, contrived platforms, emptied casemates, barricaded the false brays, erected the cavaliers, repaired the counterscarps
, plastered the curtains, lengthened ravelins, stopped parapets, morticed barbacans, assured the portcullises, fastened the hemes, sarasinesques, and cataracts, placed their sentries, and doubled their patrol.
70) The outlines of the new detached and attached counterscarps
and/or bastioned works are a mixture of the various ideas explored in De Gomme's draughts.
Having discussed counterscarp
repairs at the Porta da traicao postern, the 1514 auto proceeds to detail scarps and counterscarps
at the foot of two mutually adjacent towers--Torre do sino and Torre dos bizcainhos (Tower of the Biscayans).
That the ditch was an important sticking point is confirmed by the fact that in the end Boytac insisted on having the scarps and counterscarps
opened up in twenty different test-spots, only to reach the conclusion that the work was to specification after all, and could not be faulted, at least not overtly.