In areas such as considering professional ethics and countertransference
in relation to religious and spiritual issues, and implementing religious or spiritual interventions in psychotherapy (Aten, McMinn, & Worthington, 2011), the differences between explicitly Christian programs and other APA-accredited programs are striking.
Similarly, some counselors and psychotherapists might like to bury the whole idea of countertransference
, putting it out of sight, out of mind.
Engage in reflective, mindful practice and attend to cultural countertransference
to provide insight into one's own values, beliefs, and behaviors.
An empirical study of countertransference
reactions toward patients with personality disorders.
One problem, she says is that schools no longer are teaching about transference and countertransference
, the phenomena in which a patient views the therapist as representing someone important in his/her life (such as a mother or husband) and the therapist in turn projects some feelings onto the patient.
The book explores the conceptual underpinnings of Integrity Therapy and Mowrer's unique treatment approach, detailing his methods for setting conditions for therapy, assessing clinical data, rules of engagement for transference and countertransference
, and handling client resistance.
He considers different levels of communication, including sensing and interpreting signs, speaking and listening, thinking, feeling, behaving, storytelling (including narrative therapy), hypnosis, body language, transference and countertransference
, acting and roles, dealing with difficult situations, play, ritual, motivation, and decision making, with activities related to each.
Since the book is aimed at those already practising in the field, it succinctly acknowledges and addresses some of the main issues, for example, countertransference
and other presenting ethical considerations.
The clinician may experience a negative countertransference
and act on negative feelings by discounting or not listening to the patient, hastily drawing the consultation to a close.
This transferential relation, however, may also initiate a countertransference
on the part of the teacher--the "feelings, phantasies, anxieties, defenses, and wishes made from what teaching feels like" (Britzman, 2009, p.
As an example, treatment chapters include nuanced and thought-provoking consideration of the advantages (understanding and empathy) and potential pitfalls (overidentification and other countertransference
risks) of LGBT clinicians treating LGBT clients as well as discussion of the blind spots and biases that can interfere with straight clinicians' ability to effectively treat these individuals.
I usually counsel people that if you have countertransference
that is similar in nature and occurs three times in a row, then you need to go to therapy and figure out what the root of it is," O'Mara says.