Before Aschenbach arrives at his destination, he is accosted by a nemesis figure, an old queer, a character that embodies the countertype
to his gender identity.
This comic stock character of seventeenth-century Spanish drama exhibits the fictitiousness of the mythological universe in various ways, ranging from his scenic ubication (in the margins of the scene or perhaps even in the stalls, (43) crossing over into the space inhabited by the spectator, addressing him, and thus oscillating between intra- and extra-dramatic perspectives), (44) to his plot function (burlesque mirror image or countertype
of the noble characters), (45) and witty and coarse manner of discourse (debasing the hero's tragic stature and jeopardizing the elevated status and credibility of the mythical universe.
124), and Ovid becomes `a countertype
to his identity as poet' that makes him, in the Paradiso, also `a new Ovid' (pp.
Contemporary IT solutions helped the developers of the project to create a product which has no countertypes
in the sphere of financial markets.
12) The park's brochure cover (Figure 6) depicts "modern Jerusalemites" wearing sunglasses to differentiate them from their ancient countertypes