cowpox


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Related to cowpox: cowpox vaccine

cow·pox

 (kou′pŏks′)
n.
A mild contagious skin disease of cattle, usually affecting the udder, that is caused by a virus and characterized by the eruption of a pustular rash. When the virus is transmitted to humans, as by vaccination, it can confer immunity to smallpox. Also called vaccinia.

cowpox

(ˈkaʊˌpɒks)
n
(Veterinary Science) a contagious viral disease of cows characterized by vesicles on the skin, esp on the teats and udder. Inoculation of humans with this virus provides temporary immunity to smallpox. It can be transmitted to other species, esp cats

cow•pox

(ˈkaʊˌpɒks)

n.
a mild disease of cattle, now rare, characterized by a pustular rash on the teats and udder, caused by a poxvirus that was formerly used for smallpox vaccinations.
[1790–1800]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cowpox - a viral disease of cattle causing a mild skin disease affecting the udder; formerly used to inoculate humans against smallpox
pox - a contagious disease characterized by purulent skin eruptions that may leave pock marks
animal disease - a disease that typically does not affect human beings
Translations

cowpox

[ˈkaʊpɒks] Nvacuna f

cowpox

[ˈkaʊˌpɒks] nvaiolo bovino
References in periodicals archive ?
Cowpox virus was useful because it enabled smallpox virus to be tackled.
to Jenner ("That's funny; when I injected this pus from an infected milkmaid with cowpox into this eight-year-old boy, he didn't get smallpox like everyone else in the village.
Included are the tales of Edward Jenner, the first person to inoculate people with cowpox to fight smallpox; Louis Pasteur, the physician who first developed a vaccine from a human virus; and others.
Nearly 100 pages in three chapters are devoted to the ancient history of smallpox vaccinations, then Jenner's improvement in using cowpox, then later efforts to improve the vaccine.
We evaluated the specificity of the PPV real-time PCR assay by use of DNA from several viruses, including orthopoxviruses (vaccinia, cowpox, monkeypox, ectromelia, and camelpox virus), molluscum contagiosum virus, yaba-like disease virus, human herpesviruses types 1 to 8, and adenoviruses.
Well, I know this milkmaid, Sarah Nelmes, lovely girl, got cowpox though, and I'm going to get a bit of the nasty stuff from her pocks and deliberately infect a little lad called James Phipps.
Conditions such as chickenpox and cowpox (smallpox) have become common terms in our language, and chickenpox was once an anticipated experience of childhood.
With Edward Jenner's demonstration in 1796 that inoculation with cowpox provided protection against smallpox, the potential threat of the disease was greatly diminished (2).
Jenner's breakthrough occurred in 1796, when he observed that dairy-maids exposed to cowpox, a disease of cows that causes only mild blistering in humans, rarely contracted smallpox.
but it had not reached Port McLoughlin and as we have sent them cowpox I hope the Indians will allow themselves to be vaccinated.
But the vaccines were made using the benign cowpox virus, and surely we can keep that for our defence.
Prior to admission, all children were given a cowpox vaccination to prevent smallpox, and some orphanages employed a chirurgeon who provided the necessary medical care.