cowpox


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Related to cowpox: cowpox vaccine

cow·pox

 (kou′pŏks′)
n.
A mild contagious skin disease of cattle, usually affecting the udder, that is caused by a virus and characterized by the eruption of a pustular rash. When the virus is transmitted to humans, as by vaccination, it can confer immunity to smallpox. Also called vaccinia.

cowpox

(ˈkaʊˌpɒks)
n
(Veterinary Science) a contagious viral disease of cows characterized by vesicles on the skin, esp on the teats and udder. Inoculation of humans with this virus provides temporary immunity to smallpox. It can be transmitted to other species, esp cats

cow•pox

(ˈkaʊˌpɒks)

n.
a mild disease of cattle, now rare, characterized by a pustular rash on the teats and udder, caused by a poxvirus that was formerly used for smallpox vaccinations.
[1790–1800]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cowpox - a viral disease of cattle causing a mild skin disease affecting the udder; formerly used to inoculate humans against smallpox
pox - a contagious disease characterized by purulent skin eruptions that may leave pock marks
animal disease - a disease that typically does not affect human beings
Translations

cowpox

[ˈkaʊpɒks] Nvacuna f

cowpox

[ˈkaʊˌpɒks] nvaiolo bovino
References in periodicals archive ?
Ironically, the same year that Edward Jenner did his first experiments with the cowpox vaccine (1796) was the year that Samuel Hahnemann, the founder of homeopathic medicine, performed his first experiments with homeopathy.
In 1796 Jenner inoculated a healthy boy with material from a blister of a milkmaid with cowpox.
The English physician Edward Jenner (1749-1823) knew that in his native Gloucestershire there were tales to the effect that anyone who caught cowpox (a very mild disease, prevalent among cows, that somewhat resembled smallpox) was thereafter immune not only to cowpox but also to smallpox.
In the late 1700s the English physician Edward Jenner observed that people who caught and recovered from a mild disease called cowpox never got smallpox.
Cowpox has been used as a vaccination against smallpox; likewise, the Sabin live oral vaccine for polio contains a mild form of the poliovirus itself.
In our labs, or in collaboration with the CDC, we have successfully blocked, among other viruses, Ebola, Marburg, HIV, influenza, RSV, rhinovirus, herpes virus, dengue fever virus, cowpox virus, measles virus, BVDV, and others.
Concomitant Human Infections with 2 Cowpox Virus Strains in Related Cases, France, 2011
Starting today, 36 experts from 22 countries across Europe will be trained at the International Atomic Energy Agencys laboratories on how to quickly detect lumpy skin disease a highly infectious cowpox virus that is spreading through herds on the continent.
It was in 1796 when an English doctor, Edward Jenner, established the idea of vaccination by proving that children can be protected from smallpox by exposing them to the similar but much milder virus called cowpox.
Cowpox to beat smallpox The idea of using one disease to fight another is not new.
In 1796, English physician Edward Jenner inoculated 8-year-old James Phipps against smallpox by using cowpox matter.
Jenner developed a method of systematically using cowpox to engender immunity against smallpox.