cram


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cram

 (krăm)
v. crammed, cram·ming, crams
v.tr.
1. To force, press, or squeeze (something) into an insufficient or barely sufficient space; stuff.
2.
a. To feed a large amount of food to (an animal).
b. To fill (oneself or one's stomach, for example) with food.
v.intr.
1. To move into and fully occupy a space: The students crammed into the tiny classroom.
2. To study hastily for an impending examination: was up all night cramming for the history midterm.
n.
Hasty study for an imminent examination.

[Middle English crammen, from Old English crammian; see ger- in Indo-European roots.]

cram′mer n.

cram

(kræm)
vb, crams, cramming or crammed
1. (tr) to force (people, material, etc) into (a room, container, etc) with more than it can hold; stuff
2. to eat or cause to eat more than necessary
3. (Education) informal to study or cause to study (facts, etc), esp for an examination, by hastily memorizing
n
4. the act or condition of cramming
5. a crush
[Old English crammian; related to Old Norse kremja to press]

Cram

(kræm)
n
(Biography) Steve. born 1960, English middle-distance runner: European 1500 m champion (1981, 1986); world 1500 m champion (1983)

cram

(kræm)

v. crammed, cram•ming,
n. v.t.
1. to fill by force with more than it can easily hold.
2. to force or stuff (usu. fol. by into, down, etc.).
3. to fill with or as if with an excessive amount of food; overfeed.
4. to prepare (a person, class, etc.) for an examination within a short period of time.
v.i.
5. to eat greedily.
6. to study for an examination by memorizing facts at the last minute.
7. to crowd; jam: A mob crammed into the hall.
n.
8. the act of cramming for an examination.
9. a crammed state; crush.
[before 1000; Middle English crammen, Old English crammian to stuff, c. Old Norse kremja]
cram′mer, n.

Cram

(kræm)

n.
Ralph Adams, 1863–1942, U.S. architect and writer.

Cram

 a dense crowd; a crush; a squeeze, 1858.

cram


Past participle: crammed
Gerund: cramming

Imperative
cram
cram
Present
I cram
you cram
he/she/it crams
we cram
you cram
they cram
Preterite
I crammed
you crammed
he/she/it crammed
we crammed
you crammed
they crammed
Present Continuous
I am cramming
you are cramming
he/she/it is cramming
we are cramming
you are cramming
they are cramming
Present Perfect
I have crammed
you have crammed
he/she/it has crammed
we have crammed
you have crammed
they have crammed
Past Continuous
I was cramming
you were cramming
he/she/it was cramming
we were cramming
you were cramming
they were cramming
Past Perfect
I had crammed
you had crammed
he/she/it had crammed
we had crammed
you had crammed
they had crammed
Future
I will cram
you will cram
he/she/it will cram
we will cram
you will cram
they will cram
Future Perfect
I will have crammed
you will have crammed
he/she/it will have crammed
we will have crammed
you will have crammed
they will have crammed
Future Continuous
I will be cramming
you will be cramming
he/she/it will be cramming
we will be cramming
you will be cramming
they will be cramming
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been cramming
you have been cramming
he/she/it has been cramming
we have been cramming
you have been cramming
they have been cramming
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been cramming
you will have been cramming
he/she/it will have been cramming
we will have been cramming
you will have been cramming
they will have been cramming
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been cramming
you had been cramming
he/she/it had been cramming
we had been cramming
you had been cramming
they had been cramming
Conditional
I would cram
you would cram
he/she/it would cram
we would cram
you would cram
they would cram
Past Conditional
I would have crammed
you would have crammed
he/she/it would have crammed
we would have crammed
you would have crammed
they would have crammed

cram

To study intensively for an examination or to prepare students intensively for an examination.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.cram - crowd or pack to capacitycram - crowd or pack to capacity; "the theater was jampacked"
stuff - cram into a cavity; "The child stuffed candy into his pockets"
cram - put something somewhere so that the space is completely filled; "cram books into the suitcase"
2.cram - put something somewhere so that the space is completely filled; "cram books into the suitcase"
lay, place, put, set, position, pose - put into a certain place or abstract location; "Put your things here"; "Set the tray down"; "Set the dogs on the scent of the missing children"; "Place emphasis on a certain point"
chock up, cram, jampack, wad, ram, jam - crowd or pack to capacity; "the theater was jampacked"
stuff - cram into a cavity; "The child stuffed candy into his pockets"
3.cram - study intensively, as before an exam; "I had to bone up on my Latin verbs before the final exam"
cram - prepare (students) hastily for an impending exam
hit the books, study - learn by reading books; "He is studying geology in his room"; "I have an exam next week; I must hit the books now"
4.cram - prepare (students) hastily for an impending exam
gear up, prepare, ready, set, fix, set up - make ready or suitable or equip in advance for a particular purpose or for some use, event, etc; "Get the children ready for school!"; "prepare for war"; "I was fixing to leave town after I paid the hotel bill"
bone, bone up, grind away, mug up, swot, swot up, cram, drum, get up - study intensively, as before an exam; "I had to bone up on my Latin verbs before the final exam"

cram

verb
1. stuff, force, jam, ram, shove, compress, compact She pulled off her school hat and crammed it into a wastebasket.
2. pack, fill, stuff She crammed her mouth with nuts.
3. squeeze, press, crowd, pack, crush, pack in, fill to overflowing, overfill, overcrowd We crammed into my car and set off.
4. study, revise, swot, bone up (informal), grind, con, swot up, mug up (slang) She was cramming hard for her exam.

cram

verb
1. To fill to excess by compressing or squeezing tightly:
Informal: jam-pack.
2. Informal. To study or work hard, especially when pressed for time:
Informal: bone (up), grind.
Translations
يَحْشويَحْشو دماغ الطالِب بِالمَعْلوماتيُدخِلُ بالقُوَّه، يَحْشويَعْمَلُ باجتِهاد
biflovatcpátnabiflovatnacpatnahustit
proppestoppeterpemanuducereoverfylde
ahtautuapäntätä
natrpatištrebati
belezsúfolteletöm
troîatroîa fræîslu ítroîfylla
ガリ勉する詰め込む
과식하다맹렬히 공부하다
grūstiintensyviai ruoštikimštimokytimokytis
iekaltiemācītpiebāztpieblīvētpiestūķēt
nabifľovaťpchaťprepchať
guliti senatlačiti
pluggaproppa full
เรียนอย่างหนักยัด อัดเต็ม
tıka basa doldurmaktıkıştırmaktıkmakalelacele sınava hazırlamakineklemek
học miệt màiních đầy

cram

[kræm]
A. VT
1. (= stuff) → meter (into en) we can't cram any more ines imposible meter más
to cram food into one's mouthllenarse la boca de comida
to cram things into a caseir metiendo cosas en una maleta hasta que ya no cabe más nada
she crammed her hat down over her eyesse enfundó el sombrero hasta los ojos
2. (= fill) → llenar a reventar (with de) the hall is crammedla sala está de bote en bote
the room was crammed with furniturela habitación estaba atestada de muebles
his head is crammed with strange ideastiene la cabeza llena de ideas raras
to cram o.s. with foodatiborrarse de comida, darse un atracón
3. (Scol) [+ subject] → empollar, aprender apresuradamente; [+ pupil] → preparar apresuradamente para un examen
B. VI
1. [people] → apelotonarse (into en) can I cram in here?¿hay un hueco para mí aquí?
seven of us crammed into the Minilos siete logramos encajarnos en el Mini
2. [pupil] (for exam) → empollar

cram

[ˈkræm]
vt (= stuff) to cram sth into sth → fourrer qch dans qch
We crammed our stuff into the boot → Nous avons fourré nos affaires dans le coffre.
to cram sth with sth → bourrer qch de qch
vi (= study hard) → piocher
to cram for sth → piocher pour qch

cram

vt
(= fill)vollstopfen, vollpacken; (= stuff in)hineinstopfen (in(to) in +acc); peoplehineinzwängen (in(to) in +acc); the room was crammed (with furniture)der Raum war (mit Möbeln) vollgestopft; we were all crammed into one roomwir waren alle in einem Zimmer zusammengepfercht; he crammed his hat (down) over his eyeser zog sich (dat)den Hut tief ins Gesicht
(for exam) Latin verbs etcpauken (inf), → büffeln (inf); (= teach for exam) pupilpauken mit (inf)
vi (= swot)pauken (inf), → büffeln (inf)

cram

[kræm]
1. vt (stuff, books, papers) to cram intoinfilare in, stipare in, pigiare in; (people, passengers) → ammassare in; (fill) to cram sth withriempire qc di
to cram in → far stare, trovare posto per
his head is crammed with strange ideas → ha la testa piena di idee strane
the room was crammed with furniture/people → la stanza era stipata di mobili/affollata di gente
she crammed her hat down over her eyes → si calcò il cappello sugli occhi
to cram o.s. with food → abbuffarsi, rimpinzarsi
2. vi
a. (people) to cram (into)affollarsi (in), accalcarsi (in), stiparsi (in)
b. (pupil, for exam) → fare una sgobbata finale

cram

(krӕm) past tense past participle crammed – verb
1. to fill very full. The drawer was crammed with papers.
2. to push or force. He crammed food into his mouth.
3. to prepare (someone) in a short time for an examination. He is being crammed for his university entrance exam.

cram

يَحْشو, يَعْمَلُ باجتِهاد biflovat, natěsnat (se) proppe, terpe büffeln, vollstopfen μελετώ υπερβολικά, στριμώχνομαι atiborrar, embutir, empollar ahtautua, päntätä bûcher, s’entasser natrpati, štrebati ammassare, sgobbare ガリ勉する, 詰め込む 과식하다, 맹렬히 공부하다 blokken, volproppen proppe, pugge tłoczyć się, wkuć encher, queimar as pestanas впихивать, зубрить plugga, proppa full เรียนอย่างหนัก, ยัด อัดเต็ม ineklemek, tıka basa doldurmak học miệt mài, ních đầy 填满, 用功读书
References in classic literature ?
I wish some of 'em had got to sit on my box sixteen hours a day and get a living out of it and eighteen shillings beside, and that in all weathers; they would not be so uncommon particular never to give us a sixpence over or to cram all the luggage inside.
We blandly march into a man's house, and cram it full of the only really valuable nobility the sun has yet discovered in the earth, and then it turns out that we don't even know the man's name.
The sacredness of an obligation is such a thing which you can't cram into no bluejay's head.
All good from Jack another takes, And entertains their flirts and rakes, Who dress as sleek as glossy snakes, And cram their mouths with sweetened cakes; And this goes down for union.
I did, though: I vociferated curses enough to annihilate any fiend in Christendom; and I got a stone and thrust it between his jaws, and tried with all my might to cram it down his throat.
Yes, doubtless," replied D'Artagnan, who had never been able to cram the first rudiments of that language into his head, and who had by his ignorance driven his master to despair, "yes, doubtless there is one.
I am an old man, and I tell you here, sire, to you, my king, things which I would cram down the throat of any one who should dare to pronounce them before me.
Cram not in people, by sending too fast company after company; but rather harken how they waste, and send supplies proportionably; but so, as the number may live well in the plantation, and not by surcharge be in penury.
card but I feel a mad desire to drag him off to the bar of some common east-end public-house and cram a sixpenny dinner down his throat--beefsteak pudding, fourpence; potatoes, a penny; half a pint of porter, a penny.
Who gave him permission to cram the Republic with his execrable daubs?
What was the good, after all, of being a woman if one didn't keep fresh, and cram one's life with all sorts of views and experiments?
In the wild effort to cram all sorts of research into six hours a day I don't wonder if the children feel like the little boy who was taken to see the biograph.