cranial nerves


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cranial nerves

Twelve pairs of nerves linking the underside of the brain with parts of the head, neck, and thorax. Some feed sensations from the eyes, nose, and ears to the brain.
Translations

cra·ni·al nerves

n. nervios craneales, cada uno de los doce pares de nervios que salen de la región inferior del cerebro.
References in classic literature ?
Sherrington, by experiments on dogs, showed that many of the usual marks of emotion were present in their behaviour even when, by severing the spinal cord in the lower cervical region, the viscera were cut off from all communication with the brain, except that existing through certain cranial nerves.
College of Medicine, Philadephia, PA) has drawn on a long career in neurology to write this authoritative text describing the differential diagnosis to be observed in 16 separate conditions, including vascular disease, epilepsy, anterior horn cell disease, spinal cord disease, cranial nerves, and dementia.
Chelsey is one 500 to 1,000 people around the country afflicted with Moebius syndrome - a condition in which cranial nerves that transit commands from the brain to the facial muscles are missing.
Segmental Organization of the Head, Brain, and Cranial Nerves.
Then they discuss color illustrations of the human brain using three-dimensional modeling techniques, magnetic resonance imaging of the brain, magnetic resonance imaging of the cerebellum, magnetic resonance imaging of regional intracranial anatomy and orbits, the cranial nerves, advanced magnetic resonance imaging techniques, computed tomography imaging, vascular imaging, and neonatal cranial ultrasound.
Tolosa-Hunt syndrome (THS) is a rare disorder characterized by severe unilateral headaches with multiple cranial nerve palsies, usually involving the third, fourth, fifth, and sixth cranial nerves and periorbital pain, along with weakness and paralysis of extra ocular muscles.
It contains 64 chapters assembled by Dulac, a pediatric neurologist in France, and coeditors Lassonde and Sarnat and contributed by neurologists, neuroscientists, pediatricians, and others from around the world, who address the diagnosis and treatment, as well as other facets, of neuromuscular disorders, cranial nerves and brainstem dysfunction, inborn errors of metabolism, heredodegenerative disorders, and postnatal toxic and induced disorders.
She was asymptomatic, and on examination her cranial nerves II through XII were found to be intact and her voice was normal.
Pink and grey drawings illustrate the spinal cord, vascular supply, basal ganglia, cerebellum, cranial nerves, auditory system, limbic system, and hypothalamus.
Mobius syndrome is basically defined as the congenital disorder involving multiple cranial nerves mainly VIth and VIIth cranial nerves.
This syndrome is characterized by unilateral paralysis of the Xth and XIIth cranial nerves.
Having observed student use of previous iterations of this atlas in the anatomy classroom and lab at the UCLA Center for the Health Sciences, Clemente adds a new section on the cranial nerves with related illustrations.