Grade 5 supralevator and translevator disease may have tracts extending cranially
in the intersphincteric plane above the levator ani muscle and then piercing downward through the ischioanal fossa referred to as suprasphincteric fistulas or could be extrasphincteric as a result of extensions of pelvic disease.
MRI also showed an encapsulated cystic mass lesion measuring approximately 16x19x11cm seen in the pelvis and extending cranially
up to the lower pole of the right kidney, suggesting a possible ovarian origin.
Use of this coupling site has been described in turkeys, broilers, and leghorn chickens using a position 1 to 2 cm dorsal to the ventral midline, just in front of the stifle joint and angled steeply cranially
On tracing the structures cranially
and caudally, similar vascular-like structures were seen, and only on colour Doppler US, the internal jugular vein and external carotid artery could be delineated from the neural tissue, which has extensively involved the BP.
Bibimys calls attention by the combination of a short rostrum with a rounded and enlarged braincase (Fig.
After 15min, animals were placed in sternal recumbency, with the hind limbs cranially
extended to accommodate a lumbosacral epidural puncture.
2) As opposed to epidural hemorrhage, bleeding in the subdural space at this level is not constrained by ligamentous attachments and is free to diffuse into the spinal subdural space inferior to the C1-2 level as well cranially
into the ventral and retrocerebellar aspects of the posterior fossa.
For lesions located more cranially
, the biopsy needle was advanced 1-2 cm into the prostate gland prior to deploying the biopsy device.
In the proximity of the trachea, the tracheosyringeal trunk bifurcated into the tracheal artery, which extended cranially
, and the syringeal artery, which extended caudally, to supply the relevant organs.
The ligaments of the pericardium are often attached to the mandibles and parotid fascia cranially
, and to the first rib or manubrium caudally" Al Qasemi added.
5 mm catheter was inserted into the anterior epidural space and used to perform lavage to remove pus located cranially
and caudally to the disc space followed by lavage with rifamycin and chloramphenicol.
It was possible to observe that the right adrenal was most cranially
positioned, when compared to the left adrenal in both males and females (Figure 1).