craniometry


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cra·ni·om·e·try

 (krā′nē-ŏm′ĭ-trē)
n.
Measurement of the skull to determine its characteristics as related to sex, race, or body type.

craniometry

(ˌkreɪnɪˈɒmɪtrɪ)
n
(Physiology) the study and measurement of skulls
craniometric, ˌcranioˈmetrical adj
ˌcranioˈmetrically adv
ˌcraniˈometrist n

cra•ni•om•e•try

(ˌkreɪ niˈɒm ɪ tri)

n.
the science of measuring skulls, chiefly to determine their characteristic relationship to sex, body type, or genetic population.
[1860–65]
cra`ni•o•met′ric (-əˈmɛ trɪk) cra`ni•o•met′ri•cal, adj.
cra`ni•o•met′ri•cal•ly, adv.

craniometry

the science of measuring skulls. — craniometrist, n.craniometric, craniometrical, adj.
See also: Head
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.craniometry - the branch of physical anthropology dealing with the study and measurement of dry skulls after removal of its soft parts
physical anthropology - the branch of anthropology dealing with the genesis and variation of human beings
References in periodicals archive ?
Late in the antebellum period, black activists Douglass, Sojourner Truth, and Frances Harper began challenging notions of racial hierarchy suggested by craniometry and polygenesis.
Cephalometry and craniometry are used frequently to study skull growth in normal and pathological conditions.
Craniometry and Biological Distance: Biocultural Continuity and Change at the Late-Woodland-Mississippian Interface.
Craniovertebral junction: normal anatomy, craniometry, and congenital anomalies.
The 'scientific racism' of the nineteenth century produced several offshoots of what Harvard biologist Stephen Jay Gould terms 'the mis-measure of man'; Craniometry, craniology, phrenology--the measure of human skulls in an attempt to scientifically determine or prove the racial superiority of the Caucasian group over non-White population groups.
While the scientific credibility of craniometry was severely attacked and discredited by African-American intellectuals, the eugenics movement has continued to be spurred on by "data" supporting the view that IQ tests adequately measure something we call "intelligence.
See generally Stephen Jay Gould, American Polygeny and Craniometry Before Darwin.
For a more extensive discussion of craniometry and late nineteenth century theories of biological determinism, see Gould, chapter two.
Craniometry was thought to evaluate intelligence by measuring facial bones, phrenology maintained that the skull was made up of 27 sections whose shapes were linked to specific traits, and physiognomy contended that character could be assessed through a person's facial features.
here--from physiognomy, phrenology and craniometry to criminology and
Qureshi links the nineteenth-century interest in craniometry and phrenology to such moments of inspection: these forms of knowledge allowed individuals to organize the differences they encountered into types, mostly through the assessment of a person's appearance.