crank


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to crank: crank up

crank 1

 (krăngk)
n.
1. A device for transmitting rotary motion, consisting of a handle or arm attached at right angles to a shaft.
2. A clever turn of speech; a verbal conceit: quips and cranks.
3. A peculiar or eccentric idea or action.
4. Informal
a. A grouchy person.
b. An eccentric person, especially one who is unduly zealous.
5. Slang Methamphetamine.
v. cranked, crank·ing, cranks
v.tr.
1.
a. To start or operate (an engine, for example) by or as if by turning a handle.
b. To move or operate (a window, for example) by or as if by turning a handle.
2. To make into the shape of a crank; bend.
3. To provide with a handle that is used in turning.
v.intr.
1. To turn a handle.
2. To wind in a zigzagging course.
adj.
Of, being, or produced by an eccentric person: a crank letter; a crank phone call.
Phrasal Verbs:
crank out
To produce, especially mechanically and rapidly: cranks out memo after memo.
crank up
1. To cause to start or get started as if by turning a crank: cranked up a massive publicity campaign.
2. To cause to intensify, as in volume or force: cranks up the sound on the stereo.

[Middle English, from Old English cranc- (as in crancstæf, weaving implement).]

crank 2

 (krăngk)
adj. Nautical
Liable to capsize; unstable.

[Origin unknown.]

crank

(kræŋk)
n
1. (Mechanical Engineering) a device for communicating motion or for converting reciprocating motion into rotary motion or vice versa. It consists of an arm projecting from a shaft, often with a second member attached to it parallel to the shaft
2. (General Engineering) Also called: crank handle or starting handle a handle incorporating a crank, used to start an engine or motor
3. informal
a. an eccentric or odd person, esp someone who stubbornly maintains unusual views
b. US and Canadian a bad-tempered person
vb
4. (Mechanical Engineering) (tr) to rotate (a shaft) by means of a crank
5. (Mechanical Engineering) (tr) to start (an engine, motor, etc) by means of a crank handle
6. (tr) to bend, twist, or make into the shape of a crank
7. (intr) obsolete to twist or wind
[Old English cranc; related to Middle Low German krunke wrinkle, Dutch krinkel crinkle]

crank

(kræŋk) or

cranky

adj
(Nautical Terms) (of a sailing vessel) easily keeled over by the wind; tender
[C17: of uncertain origin; perhaps related to crank1]

crank1

(kræŋk)

n.
1. any of several types of arms or levers for imparting rotary or oscillatory motion to a rotating shaft.
2. Informal. an ill-tempered person.
3. an unbalanced person who is overzealous in the advocacy of a private cause.
4. a whimsical notion; conceit.
5. a strikingly clever turn of speech or play on words.
6. Archaic. a bend; turn.
7. methamphetamine prepared for illicit use.
8. a crankshaft.
v.t.
9. to rotate (a shaft) by means of a crank.
10. to start (an internal-combustion engine), esp. by turning the crankshaft manually.
11. to shape like a crank.
12. to furnish with a crank.
v.i.
13. to turn a crank, as in starting an automobile engine.
14. Obs. to turn and twist; zigzag.
15. crank out, to produce in a mass-production or mechanical way.
16. crank up,
a. to get started.
b. to stimulate or produce: to crank up enthusiasm.
adj.
17. of, pertaining to, or by an unbalanced or overzealous person: a crank phone call.
[before 1000; Middle English cranke, Old English cranc-, in crancstǣf crank (see staff1)]

crank2

(kræŋk)

also cranky



adj.
tending to roll easily, as a boat; tender (opposed to stiff).
[1690–1700; probably same as crank1]

crank


Past participle: cranked
Gerund: cranking

Imperative
crank
crank
Present
I crank
you crank
he/she/it cranks
we crank
you crank
they crank
Preterite
I cranked
you cranked
he/she/it cranked
we cranked
you cranked
they cranked
Present Continuous
I am cranking
you are cranking
he/she/it is cranking
we are cranking
you are cranking
they are cranking
Present Perfect
I have cranked
you have cranked
he/she/it has cranked
we have cranked
you have cranked
they have cranked
Past Continuous
I was cranking
you were cranking
he/she/it was cranking
we were cranking
you were cranking
they were cranking
Past Perfect
I had cranked
you had cranked
he/she/it had cranked
we had cranked
you had cranked
they had cranked
Future
I will crank
you will crank
he/she/it will crank
we will crank
you will crank
they will crank
Future Perfect
I will have cranked
you will have cranked
he/she/it will have cranked
we will have cranked
you will have cranked
they will have cranked
Future Continuous
I will be cranking
you will be cranking
he/she/it will be cranking
we will be cranking
you will be cranking
they will be cranking
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been cranking
you have been cranking
he/she/it has been cranking
we have been cranking
you have been cranking
they have been cranking
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been cranking
you will have been cranking
he/she/it will have been cranking
we will have been cranking
you will have been cranking
they will have been cranking
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been cranking
you had been cranking
he/she/it had been cranking
we had been cranking
you had been cranking
they had been cranking
Conditional
I would crank
you would crank
he/she/it would crank
we would crank
you would crank
they would crank
Past Conditional
I would have cranked
you would have cranked
he/she/it would have cranked
we would have cranked
you would have cranked
they would have cranked
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.crank - a bad-tempered personcrank - a bad-tempered person    
disagreeable person, unpleasant person - a person who is not pleasant or agreeable
crabby person, crab - a quarrelsome grouch
hothead, fire-eater - a belligerent grouch
misanthrope, misanthropist - someone who dislikes people in general
2.crank - a whimsically eccentric personcrank - a whimsically eccentric person  
eccentric, eccentric person, oddball, flake, geek - a person with an unusual or odd personality
3.crank - an amphetamine derivative (trade name Methedrine) used in the form of a crystalline hydrochloride; used as a stimulant to the nervous system and as an appetite suppressant
amphetamine, pep pill, upper, speed - a central nervous system stimulant that increases energy and decreases appetite; used to treat narcolepsy and some forms of depression
controlled substance - a drug or chemical substance whose possession and use are controlled by law
4.crank - a hand tool consisting of a rotating shaft with parallel handle
crank handle, starting handle - crank used to start an engine
hand tool - a tool used with workers' hands
Verb1.crank - travel along a zigzag pathcrank - travel along a zigzag path; "The river zigzags through the countryside"
go, locomote, move, travel - change location; move, travel, or proceed, also metaphorically; "How fast does your new car go?"; "We travelled from Rome to Naples by bus"; "The policemen went from door to door looking for the suspect"; "The soldiers moved towards the city in an attempt to take it before night fell"; "news travelled fast"
2.crank - start by cranking; "crank up the engine"
start up, start - get going or set in motion; "We simply could not start the engine"; "start up the computer"
3.crank - rotate with a crank
circumvolve, rotate - cause to turn on an axis or center; "Rotate the handle"
4.crank - fasten with a crank
fasten, fix, secure - cause to be firmly attached; "fasten the lock onto the door"; "she fixed her gaze on the man"
5.crank - bend into the shape of a crank
twist, bend, deform, flex, turn - cause (a plastic object) to assume a crooked or angular form; "bend the rod"; "twist the dough into a braid"; "the strong man could turn an iron bar"
Adj.1.crank - (used of boats) inclined to heel over easily under sail
boat - a small vessel for travel on water
unstable - lacking stability or fixity or firmness; "unstable political conditions"; "the tower proved to be unstable in the high wind"; "an unstable world economy"

crank

noun (Informal) eccentric, freak (informal), oddball (informal), weirdo or weirdie (informal), case (informal), character (informal), nut (slang), flake (slang, chiefly U.S.), screwball (slang, chiefly U.S. & Canad.), odd fish (informal), kook (U.S. & Canad. informal), queer fish (Brit. informal), rum customer (Brit. slang), wacko or whacko (informal) People think I'm a crank because of my beliefs.

crank

noun
1. Informal. A person who habitually complains or grumbles:
Informal: griper, grouser.
2. Informal. A person regarded as strange, eccentric, or crazy:
Informal: loon, loony.
Translations
شَخْصُ شاذ الأطْوار
maneta
ztřeštěnec
særling
äkäpussikammetakampiveivataveivi
čudakčudakinja
sérvitringur
ekscentrikasekscentriškasekscentriškumaskeistumaskeistuolis
ekscentriķisīpatnissavādnieks
eksantrik birisi

crank

1 [kræŋk]
A. N (Tech) → manivela f, manubrio m
B. VT (also crank up) [+ engine] → hacer arrancar con la manivela
crank out VT + ADVproducir penosamente
crank up VT + ADV
1. [+ hearing aid] → subir; [+ music] → poner más fuerte
to crank up the volumesubir el volumen
2. (= intensify) [+ campaign, bombing] → intensificar

crank

2 [kræŋk] N (= eccentric person) → excéntrico/a m/f (US) (= bad-tempered person) → ogro m, cascarrabias mf inv

crank

[ˈkræŋk] n
(= device) → manivelle f
(= person) → excentrique mf

crank

1
n (= eccentric person)Spinner(in) m(f) (inf); (US: = cross person) → Griesgram m

crank

2
n (Mech) → Kurbel f
vt (also crank up)ankurbeln

crank

[kræŋk]
1. n
a. (Tech) → manovella
b. (person) → eccentrico/a, persona stramba
2. vt (also crank up) → avviare a manovella

crank

(krӕŋk) noun
a person with strange or odd ideas.
ˈcranky adjective
ˈcrankiness noun

crank

n (fam) metanfetamina
References in classic literature ?
The cobbler wrought upon a shoe; the blacksmith hammered his iron, the soldier waved his glittering blade; the lady raised a tiny breeze with her fan; the jolly toper swigged lustily at his bottle; a scholar opened his book with eager thirst for knowledge, and turned his head to and fro along the page; the milkmaid energetically drained her cow; and a miser counted gold into his strong-box,--all at the same turning of a crank.
If the injustice has a spring, or a pulley, or a rope, or a crank, exclusively for itself, then perhaps you may consider whether the remedy will not be worse than the evil; but if it is of such a nature that it requires you to be the agent of injustice to another, then I say, break the law.
If you can grind 'em out jest by turnin' the crank, why I should say the more the merrier; but I don't hardly see how you could have a better endin'," observed Mr.
I tell thee, friend, one must serve a long apprenticeship ere one can learn to be even so much as a clapper-dudgeon, much less a crank or an Abraham-man.
The average crank has a long beard, poorly cared for, a lean, narrow face, and wears a black coat.
He was that absent-minded crank, a grand seigneur husband who was in no one's way, and far from spoiling the high tone and general impression of the drawing room, he served, by the contrast he presented to her, as an advantageous background to his elegant and tactful wife.
However, the moment the crank struck the ground it bounded back to the machine again and began winding it up.
They're getting a hundred things done that they've always wanted to do but couldn't as long as he was about, the old crank.
He has been coming over to Europe now and then, and though he was a good, steady chap enough, he liked his fling when he was over here, and between you and me, he was the greatest crank I ever struck.
He was "queer," she said; and at another time she called him a crank when describing how he sat at the counter and peered at her through his spectacles, blushing and stammering when she took notice of him, and often leaving the shop in precipitate confusion.
Several distinguished doctors have remonstrated against the influence of this second nature, both savage and civilized, on the moral being vegetating in those dreadful pens called bureaus, where the sun seldom penetrates, where thoughts are tied down to occupations like that of horses who turn a crank and who, poor beasts, yawn distressingly and die quickly.
Lynde says that her father is a perfect old crank, and meaner than second skimmings.