crayfish

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cray·fish

 (krā′fĭsh′) also craw·fish (krô′-)
n. pl. crayfish or cray·fish·es also crawfish or craw·fish·es
1. Any of various freshwater crustaceans of the families Astacidae and Cambaridae of the Northern Hemisphere and the family Parastacidae of the Southern Hemisphere, resembling a lobster but considerably smaller. Also called mudbug; also called regionally crawdad.

[By folk etymology from Middle English crevise, from Old French crevice, perhaps from Old High German krebiz, edible crustacean; see gerbh- in Indo-European roots.]
Word History: The crayfish, also known as the crawfish, owes its name to a misunderstanding. The actual source of the word may be the Old High German word krebiz, "edible crustacean," or a word related to it. From this Germanic source came Old French crevice, which when taken into English became crevise (first recorded in a document written in 1311-1312). In Old French and Middle English these words designated the crayfish. People began to pronounce and spell the last part of this word as if it were fish, the first fish spelling being recorded in 1555. Because of a variation in Anglo-Norman pronunciation, two forms of the word have come down to Modern English: crayfish and crawfish.

crayfish

(ˈkreɪˌfɪʃ) or

crawfish

n, pl -fish or -fishes
1. (Animals) any freshwater decapod crustacean of the genera Astacus and Cambarus, resembling a small lobster
2. (Animals) any of various similar crustaceans, esp the spiny lobster
[C14: cray, by folk etymology, from Old French crevice crab, from Old High German krebiz + fish]

cray•fish

(ˈkreɪˌfɪʃ)

also crawfish



n., pl. (esp. collectively) -fish, (esp. for kinds or species) -fish•es.
1. Also called crawdad , crawdaddy. any of various mainly freshwater decapod crustaceans, esp. of the genera Astacus and Cambarus, resembling small lobsters.
2. (not in technical use) the spiny lobster.
[1350–1400; alter. (by folk etym.) of Middle English crevis < Middle French crevice < Old High German krebiz crab1]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.crayfish - warm-water lobsters without clawscrayfish - warm-water lobsters without claws; those from Australia and South Africa usually marketed as frozen tails; caught also in Florida and California
sea crawfish, spiny lobster, langouste, rock lobster, crawfish, crayfish - large edible marine crustacean having a spiny carapace but lacking the large pincers of true lobsters
shellfish - meat of edible aquatic invertebrate with a shell (especially a mollusk or crustacean)
2.crayfish - tiny lobster-like crustaceans usually boiled brieflycrayfish - tiny lobster-like crustaceans usually boiled briefly
Old World crayfish, ecrevisse - small crayfish of Europe and Asia and western North America
American crayfish - common large crayfishes of eastern North America
shellfish - meat of edible aquatic invertebrate with a shell (especially a mollusk or crustacean)
3.crayfish - small freshwater decapod crustacean that resembles a lobstercrayfish - small freshwater decapod crustacean that resembles a lobster
decapod, decapod crustacean - crustaceans characteristically having five pairs of locomotor appendages each joined to a segment of the thorax
Old World crayfish, ecrevisse - small crayfish of Europe and Asia and western North America
American crayfish - common large crayfishes of eastern North America
4.crayfish - large edible marine crustacean having a spiny carapace but lacking the large pincers of true lobsterscrayfish - large edible marine crustacean having a spiny carapace but lacking the large pincers of true lobsters
lobster - any of several edible marine crustaceans of the families Homaridae and Nephropsidae and Palinuridae
genus Palinurus, Palinurus - type genus of the family Palinuridae
crayfish, langouste, rock lobster, spiny lobster - warm-water lobsters without claws; those from Australia and South Africa usually marketed as frozen tails; caught also in Florida and California
Translations
جَرَادُ البَحْرجَراد بَحْر
rak
krebs
äyriäinenrapu
slatkovodni rak
folyami rákrák: folyami rák
vatnakrabbi
ザリガニ
가재
cancer
vēzis
rak
kräfta
กุ้งชนิดหนึ่งคล้ายกุ้งก้ามกราม
kerevittatlı su istakozu
tôm sông

crayfish

[ˈkreɪfɪʃ] N (crayfish or crayfishes (pl)) (freshwater) → cangrejo m or (LAm) jaiba f de río; (saltwater) → cigala f

crayfish

[ˈkreɪfɪʃ] [crayfish] [ˈkreɪfɪʃ] (pl) n
(freshwater)écrevisse f
(saltwater)langoustine f

crayfish

n
(freshwater) → Flusskrebs m
(saltwater: also crawfish) → Languste f

crayfish

[ˈkreɪˌfɪʃ] ngambero (d'acqua dolce)

crayfish

(ˈkreifiʃ) plural ˈcrayfish – (also especially American , crawfish (ˈkroːfiʃ) plural ˈcrawfish)
a type of edible shellfish.

crayfish

جَرَادُ البَحْر rak krebs Languste καραβίδα cangrejo de río äyriäinen écrevisse slatkovodni rak gambero d’acqua dolce ザリガニ 가재 rivierkreeft kreps langusta lagostim речной рак kräfta กุ้งชนิดหนึ่งคล้ายกุ้งก้ามกราม kerevit tôm sông 小龙虾
References in periodicals archive ?
A list is provided of all crayfishes (family Cambaridae) in the southern United States, which includes common names, global conservation status, an alternative review of the conservation status based on the IUCN red list criteria, and state distribution.
1993), and North American freshwater crayfishes (Taylor et al.
Red swamp crayfishes snap their abdomens with fanlike tails forward underneath their bodies to propel themselves backward through the water.
Studies concerning both the distribution and life history of crayfish are generally rare and currently we are aware of only two such works that concern the crayfishes of Tennessee (Bouchard, 1972; Williams and Bivens, 2001).
Although this study lacks the scope to fully address this issue, the distribution and habitat preferences of the crayfishes of Blackburn Fork appear to vary widely and reflect the diverse range of niches occupied by different species.
I have tracked the changing distributions of several of these crayfishes by analyzing specimens and records stored in the collections of the Royal Ontario Museum.
The only vulnerable crayfishes in this province are the semi-terrestrial burrowing ones (see Rotunda Summer/Fall 2002), but their plight has nothing to do with the rusty crayfish.
Summary of the distribution of Indiana crayfishes, including new state and county records.
Observations on the blind crayfishes of Indiana, with a description of a new subspecies; Cambarus pellucidus testii.