Catholics could enjoy religious and cultural freedom to practice within their enclaves, but it was Protestants who asserted the continuity of the social with their credal
This objective consists in identifying an original and authentic Islamic method of social research, the principles and perspectives of which should be derived from the Madman model of society and enriched by the credal
and cultural, moral and spiritual, historical, intellectual, and traditional academic sources of Islam.
52) Instead, they suggested an array of theological (and occasionally thaumaturgical) solutions: confession, credal
prayer, edifying stories, and appeal to higher powers.
As to the credal
doctrines of pathogenesis and the bodily resurrection of Christ they can still be defended as what they are - articles of faith based on the contents of Holy Scripture.
Bruce Lawrence (7) defines fundamentalism as "the affirmation of religious authority as holistic and absolute, admitting of neither criticism nor reduction; it is expressed through the collective demand that specific credal
and ethical dictates derived from scripture be publicly recognised and legally enforced".
Part 2 expands the investigation to include the postapostolic writings with a major focus on the development of credal
and conciliar formulations up to and including the fifth century.
1 Cor 15:1-11 is held to be an early credal
ontological, not theological, or at least not confessional or credal
Readers who may once have been Christian, or who may never have been Christian -- who have no commitment one way or the other to the historicity or credal
de mand of the New Testament, and may be armed against it with the hermeneutics of suspicion -- remain fascinated by its power as narrative.
The author argues that Christianity was in origin a mystical religion but in time two forms emerged: the major (non-mystical, more rational, credal
and with an emphasis on hierarchical authority) and minor (mystics aiming at a direct reception of the Holy Spirit).
On all three previous occasions, the Christian faith was Muslims' main credal
statement, "One Lord, One baptism, and One God who is Father and Mother of all.