cretinism


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cre·tin·ism

 (krēt′n-ĭz′əm)
n.
A congenital condition caused by a deficiency of thyroid hormone during prenatal development and characterized by small stature, intellectual disability, dystrophy of the bones, and a low basal metabolism.

cretinism

(ˈkrɛtɪˌnɪzəm)
n
(Pathology) old-fashioned a condition arising from a deficiency of thyroid hormone, present from birth, characterized by dwarfism and mental retardation. See also myxoedema

cre•tin•ism

(ˈkrit nˌɪz əm; esp. Brit. ˈkrɛt-)

n.
a congenital deficiency of thyroid secretion, resulting in stunted growth, deformity, and mental retardation.
[1795–1805; < French crétinisme]

cretinism

Medicine. a congenital deficiency of thyroid secretion causing deformity and idiocy. — cretinoid, cretinous, adj.
See also: Idiocy

cretinism

Dwarfism and mental retardation caused by too little thyroxine in childhood.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cretinism - severe hypothyroidism resulting in physical and mental stunting
hypothyroidism - an underactive thyroid gland; a glandular disorder resulting from insufficient production of thyroid hormones
Translations
kretenismus
kretinismi
kretynizm

cretinism

n (Med) → Kretinismus m; (inf)Schwachsinn m, → Idiotie f

cre·tin·ism

n. cretinismo, hipotiroidismo congénito debido a una deficiencia acentuada de la hormona tiroidea.

cretinism

n cretinismo
References in classic literature ?
So cretinism was in a fair way to spread all over the valley from this spot.
There were several families still living there; but though they were little better than idiots, they were, at any rate, free from the taint of cretinism.
Abdul Ghaffar Biloo said iodine deficiency causes increased child mortality, mental retardation, deaf and dumbness, stunting, intellectual impairment (low IQ levels), hypothyroidism, cretinism, goiter, maternal mortality and morbidity.
According to a survey, iodine deficiency causes increased child mortality, mental retardation, deaf and dumb, stunting, intellectual impairment (less IQ), hypothyroidism, cretinism, goiter, maternal mortality and morbidity.
Therefore, cretinism is caused by congenital TH deficiency.
Cyanogenic glucosides on hydrolysis will release hydrocyanic acid (HCN) which can cause goiter and cretinism in humans and animals due to iodine deficiency; however, HCN content is significantly reduced during fermentation of cassava dough.
And quite often, these folk have sexism amongst their arsenal of cretinism.
Combined selenium and iodine deficiency leads to myxedematous cretinism.
Morel's travels and clinical experience taught him that Europe's masses endured a host of crippling diseases, including cretinism and ergotism.
Hopefully, the observations about the huge impact that FAS makes on special education will pan out, and we will see some prevention traction in the area of special education--as we did with cretinism and phenylketonuria.
High fluoride and low iodine environment and subclinical cretinism in Xinjiang [in Chinese].
It is clear that in areas of iodine deficiency there is a high rate of severe hypothyroidism in pregnant women and that these women have a high rate of cretinism in their offspring.