cretinism


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cre·tin·ism

 (krēt′n-ĭz′əm)
n.
A congenital condition caused by a deficiency of thyroid hormone during prenatal development and characterized by small stature, intellectual disability, dystrophy of the bones, and a low basal metabolism.

cretinism

(ˈkrɛtɪˌnɪzəm)
n
(Pathology) old-fashioned a condition arising from a deficiency of thyroid hormone, present from birth, characterized by dwarfism and mental retardation. See also myxoedema

cre•tin•ism

(ˈkrit nˌɪz əm; esp. Brit. ˈkrɛt-)

n.
a congenital deficiency of thyroid secretion, resulting in stunted growth, deformity, and mental retardation.
[1795–1805; < French crétinisme]

cretinism

Medicine. a congenital deficiency of thyroid secretion causing deformity and idiocy. — cretinoid, cretinous, adj.
See also: Idiocy

cretinism

Dwarfism and mental retardation caused by too little thyroxine in childhood.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cretinism - severe hypothyroidism resulting in physical and mental stunting
hypothyroidism - an underactive thyroid gland; a glandular disorder resulting from insufficient production of thyroid hormones
Translations
kretenismus
kretinismi
kretynizm

cretinism

n (Med) → Kretinismus m; (inf)Schwachsinn m, → Idiotie f

cre·tin·ism

n. cretinismo, hipotiroidismo congénito debido a una deficiencia acentuada de la hormona tiroidea.

cretinism

n cretinismo
References in classic literature ?
So cretinism was in a fair way to spread all over the valley from this spot.
There were several families still living there; but though they were little better than idiots, they were, at any rate, free from the taint of cretinism.
My own sister-in-law was born suffering from cretinism 60 years ago.
A similar cretinism is the cause of a high death rate among lambs, calves, colts, and puppies in our American goiter belts.
Commercial publishing has, perhaps, not been as single-minded in this task as has television, but books have offered no one solace for, let alone an alternative to, the egregious cretinism of mass culture.
Q: Cretinism is associated with the failure of the thyroid gland to develop normally.
She added other effects of IDD included goiter, abnormal physical development, reproductive loss, and severe mental and physical retardation, an irreversible condition known as cretinism.
Though 150 mcg daily may be sufficient to prevent an enlarged thyroid (goiter) and cretinism (severe iodine deficiency in babies leading to mental retardation and impaired development), these values are far short of the optimal values of 12,500 mcg (12.
TH is critical for normal brain development (Porterfield 2000), and TH deficiency during the perinatal critical period causes abnormal brain development known as cretinism in humans (Koibuchi and Chin 2000; Rabie et al.
An estimated 750 million people worldwide are at a risk of iodine-deficiency disorders (IDDs), including endemic goitre, hypothyroidism, endemic cretinism, and congenital anomalies (1,2).
Then in 2008, Peter Obendorf of RMIT University in Melbourne, Australia, claimed the remains were of a modern human with cretinism, a disease caused by iodine deficiency.
05 mg/day) needed to prevent cretinism, endemic goiter, and hypothyroidism is 60 times less than the amount of iodide (9 mg/day) used by Marine (2,3) in the original studies.