criminal


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crim·i·nal

 (krĭm′ə-nəl)
adj.
1. Of, involving, or having the nature of crime: criminal abuse.
2. Relating to the administration of penal law.
3.
a. Guilty of crime.
b. Characteristic of a criminal.
4. Shameful; disgraceful: a criminal waste of talent.
n.
One that has committed or been legally convicted of a crime.

[Middle English, from Old French criminel, from Late Latin crīminālis, from Latin crīmen, crīmin-, accusation; see crime.]

crim′i·nal·ly adv.

criminal

(ˈkrɪmɪnəl)
n
1. (Law) a person charged with and convicted of crime
2. a person who commits crimes for a living
adj
3. (Law) of, involving, or guilty of crime
4. (Law) (prenominal) of or relating to crime or its punishment: criminal court; criminal lawyer.
5. informal senseless or deplorable: a criminal waste of money.
[C15: from Late Latin crīminālis; see crime, -al1]
ˈcriminally adv

crim•i•nal

(ˈkrɪm ə nl)

adj.
1. of the nature of or involving crime.
2. guilty of crime.
3. dealing with crime or its punishment: a criminal proceeding.
4. senseless; foolish: a criminal waste of food.
5. exorbitant; outrageous: criminal prices.
n.
6. a person convicted of a crime.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Anglo-French < Late Latin crīminālis= Latin crīmin-, s. of crīmen crime + -ālis -al1]
crim′i•nal•ly, adv.
syn: See illegal.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.criminal - someone who has committed a crime or has been legally convicted of a crimecriminal - someone who has committed a crime or has been legally convicted of a crime
accessary, accessory - someone who helps another person commit a crime
arsonist, firebug, incendiary - a criminal who illegally sets fire to property
blackmailer, extortioner, extortionist - a criminal who extorts money from someone by threatening to expose embarrassing information about them
bootlegger, moonshiner - someone who makes or sells illegal liquor
briber, suborner - someone who pays (or otherwise incites) you to commit a wrongful act
coconspirator, conspirator, machinator, plotter - a member of a conspiracy
desperado, desperate criminal - a bold outlaw (especially on the American frontier)
fugitive from justice, fugitive - someone who is sought by law officers; someone trying to elude justice
gangster, mobster - a criminal who is a member of gang
highbinder - a corrupt politician
highjacker, hijacker - someone who uses force to take over a vehicle (especially an airplane) in order to reach an alternative destination
hood, hoodlum, punk, strong-armer, thug, toughie, goon, tough - an aggressive and violent young criminal
gaolbird, jail bird, jailbird - a criminal who has been jailed repeatedly
abductor, kidnaper, kidnapper, snatcher - someone who unlawfully seizes and detains a victim (usually for ransom)
mafioso - a member of the Mafia crime syndicate in the United States
gangster's moll, gun moll, moll - the girlfriend of a gangster
liquidator, manslayer, murderer - a criminal who commits homicide (who performs the unlawful premeditated killing of another human being)
principal - (criminal law) any person involved in a criminal offense, regardless of whether the person profits from such involvement
parolee, probationer - someone released on probation or on parole
drug dealer, drug peddler, drug trafficker, peddler, pusher - an unlicensed dealer in illegal drugs
racketeer - someone who commits crimes for profit (especially one who obtains money by fraud or extortion)
raper, rapist - someone who forces another to have sexual intercourse
habitual criminal, recidivist, repeater - someone who is repeatedly arrested for criminal behavior (especially for the same criminal behavior)
scofflaw - one who habitually ignores the law and does not answer court summonses
contrabandist, moon curser, moon-curser, runner, smuggler - someone who imports or exports without paying duties
stealer, thief - a criminal who takes property belonging to someone else with the intention of keeping it or selling it
traitor, treasonist - someone who betrays his country by committing treason
law offender, lawbreaker, violator - someone who violates the law
Adj.1.criminal - bringing or deserving severe rebuke or censure; "a criminal waste of talent"; "a deplorable act of violence"; "adultery is as reprehensible for a husband as for a wife"
wrong - contrary to conscience or morality or law; "it is wrong for the rich to take advantage of the poor"; "cheating is wrong"; "it is wrong to lie"
2.criminal - guilty of crime or serious offense; "criminal in the sight of God and man"
guilty - responsible for or chargeable with a reprehensible act; "guilty of murder"; "the guilty person"; "secret guilty deeds"
3.criminal - involving or being or having the nature of a crime; "a criminal offense"; "criminal abuse"; "felonious intent"
illegal - prohibited by law or by official or accepted rules; "an illegal chess move"

criminal

noun
1. lawbreaker, convict, con (slang), offender, crook (informal), lag (slang), villain, culprit, sinner, delinquent, felon, con man (informal), jailbird, malefactor, evildoer, transgressor, skelm (S. African) He was put in a cell with several hardened criminals.
adjective
1. unlawful, illicit, lawless, wrong, illegal, corrupt, crooked (informal), vicious, immoral, wicked, culpable, under-the-table, villainous, nefarious, iniquitous, indictable, felonious, bent (slang) The entire party cannot be blamed for the criminal actions of a few members.
unlawful right, legal, innocent, honourable, honest, lawful, law-abiding, commendable
2. (Informal) disgraceful, ridiculous, foolish, senseless, scandalous, preposterous, deplorable This project is a criminal waste of time and resources.

criminal

adjective
Of, involving, or being a crime:
noun
One who commits a crime:
Law: felon.
Translations
إجراميجِنائيجِنائي، غَير قانونيمُجْرِممُجْرم، جانِ
zločinectrestnýtrestuhodnýzločinnýtrestní
kriminelforbryderkriminal-
rikollinenrikosoikeudellinenkriminaalilainsuojatonlainvastainen
kriminalackriminalan
bűnözőbüntetõjogibûnvádivétkes
glæpamaîurglæpsamlegursaknæmur, saka-
犯罪の犯罪者
범인범죄의
infractor
kazenskikaznivkriminalprotizakonit
brottslingkrimimell
เกี่ยวกับอาชญากรรมอาชญากร
suçsuç/cinayet işleyen kimsesuça aitsuçluyazık
kẻ phạm tộiliên quan đến tội phạm

criminal

[ˈkrɪmɪnl]
A. Ncriminal mf
B. ADJ
1. (Jur) [act, activity, behaviour] → delictivo; [investigation, organization] → criminal; [trial, case] → penal
he had done nothing criminalno había cometido ningún delito
to bring criminal charges against sbformular or presentar cargos en contra de algn, entablar un proceso penal contra algn
2. (= shameful) it would be criminal to throw them awaysería un crimen tirarlos
it was a criminal waste of resourcesera un crimen desperdiciar recursos así
C. CPD criminal assault Nintento m de violación
criminal code Ncódigo m penal
criminal court Njuzgado m de lo penal
criminal damage Ndelito m de daños
criminal intent Nintención f dolosa
Criminal Investigation Department N (Brit) → Brigada f de Investigación Criminal (Sp)
the criminal justice system Nel sistema penal
criminal law Nderecho m penal
criminal lawyer Npenalista mf, abogado/a m/f criminalista
criminal negligence Nnegligencia f criminal
criminal record Nantecedentes mpl penales
to have a criminal recordtener antecedentes penales

criminal

[ˈkrɪmɪnəl]
ncriminel(le) m/f
adj
(lit) (connected with crime) [activities, action] → criminel(le); [investigation, trial, prosecution] → criminel(le)
criminal charges → charges fpl
to face criminal charges → être sous le coup d'une inculpation criminal offence
(= serious, wrong) → criminel
it's criminal! → c'est criminel!criminal court ncour f d'assisesCriminal Investigation Department n (British)police f judiciaire

criminal

nStraftäter(in) m(f) (form), → Kriminelle(r) mf; (guilty of capital crimes also, fig) → Verbrecher(in) m(f)
adj
kriminell, verbrecherisch; action alsostrafbar; criminal lawStrafrecht nt; to take criminal proceedings against somebodystrafrechtlich gegen jdn vorgehen; to have a criminal recordvorbestraft sein
(fig)kriminell; it’s criminal to stay in in this weatheres ist eine Schande, bei diesem Wetter drinnen zu bleiben

criminal

:
criminal assault
criminal charge
nAnklage fwegen eines Verbrechens; she faces criminalssie wird eines Verbrechens angeklagt, sie muss sich vor Gericht wegen eines Verbrechens verantworten
criminal code
criminal court
nStrafkammer m, → Gericht ntfür Strafsachen
criminal damage
Criminal Investigation Department
n (Brit) → Kriminalpolizei f

criminal

:
criminal negligence
ngrobe Fahrlässigkeit, Fahrlässigkeitsdelikt nt
criminal offence, (US) criminal offense
criminal profile
nTäterprofil nt
Criminal Records Office
nKriminaldienststelle fzur Führung der Verbrecherkartei
criminal responsibility
nStrafbarkeit f; (= accountability)Zurechnungsfähigkeit g; age of criminalStrafmündigkeit f

criminal

[ˈkrɪmɪnl]
1. ncriminale m/f
2. adjcriminale (fig) → vergognoso/a
criminal lawyer → (avvocato) penalista m/f
to study criminal law → fare studi penalistici
to take criminal proceedings against sb → istruire una causa penale contro qn

crime

(kraim) noun
1. act(s) punishable by law. Murder is a crime; Crime is on the increase.
2. something wrong though not illegal. What a crime to cut down those trees!
criminal (ˈkriminl) adjective
1. concerned with crime. criminal law.
2. against the law. Theft is a criminal offence.
3. very wrong; wicked. a criminal waste of food.
noun
a person who has been found guilty of a crime.
ˈcriminally adverb

criminal

مُجْرِم trestný, zločinec kriminel kriminell, Verbrecher εγκληματίας, εγκληματικός delictivo, delincuente rikollinen criminel kriminalac, kriminalan criminale 犯罪の, 犯罪者 범인, 범죄의 crimineel forbryter, kriminell przestępca, przestępczy criminal, criminoso преступник, преступный brottsling, krimimell เกี่ยวกับอาชญากรรม, อาชญากร suç, suçlu kẻ phạm tội, liên quan đến tội phạm 犯罪的, 罪犯

criminal

n. criminal.
References in classic literature ?
The mere silence of the Constitution in regard to civil causes, is represented as an abolition of the trial by jury, and the declamations to which it has afforded a pretext are artfully calculated to induce a persuasion that this pretended abolition is complete and universal, extending not only to every species of civil, but even to criminal causes.
the pale criminal hath bowed his head: out of his eye speaketh the great contempt.
The criminal adhered exactly, firmly, and clearly to his statement.
No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use without just compensation.
He then takes the criminal into custody till he hath made satisfaction; but if it be a crime punishable with death he is delivered over to the prosecutor, who may put him to death at his own discretion.
With the universal adoption of Colour, all distinctions would cease; Regularity would be confused with Irregularity; development would give place to retrogression; the Workman would in a few generations be degraded to the level of the Military, or even the Convict Class; political power would be in the hands of the greatest number, that is to say the Criminal Classes, who were already more numerous than the Workmen, and would soon out-number all the other Classes put together when the usual Compensative Laws of Nature were violated.
Brower was as courageous a criminal as ever lived to be hanged; that was shown by the conditions of awful personal peril in which he had coolly killed his brother-in-law.
The criminal who now sits before the court licking her paws," resumed the Woggle-Bug, "has long desired to unlawfully eat the fat piglet, which was no bigger than a mouse.
Go to your club, and look at the criminal history of our own time, recorded in the newspapers.
One day, as he was passing sadly before the criminal Tournelle, he perceived a considerable crowd at one of the gates of the Palais de Justice.
The criminal always work at one crime, that is the true criminal who seems predestinate to crime, and who will of none other.
He inveighed against the injustice of Providence, which would for the sake of one criminal perchance sailing in the ship allow so many innocent persons to perish.