cringe


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cringe

 (krĭnj)
intr.v. cringed, cring·ing, cring·es
1. To shrink back, as in fear; cower.
2. To behave in a servile way; fawn.
n.
An act or instance of cringing.

[Middle English crengen, to bend haughtily, probably ultimately from Old English cringan, to give way.]

cringe

(krɪndʒ)
vb (intr)
1. to shrink or flinch, esp in fear or servility
2. to behave in a servile or timid way
3. informal
a. to wince in embarrassment or distaste
b. to experience a sudden feeling of embarrassment or distaste
n
4. the act of cringing
5. (Sociology) the cultural cringe Austral subservience to overseas cultural standards
[Old English cringan to yield in battle; related to Old Norse krangr weak, Middle High German krenken to weaken]
ˈcringer n

cringe

(krɪndʒ)

v. cringed, cring•ing,
n. v.i.
1. to shrink or crouch, esp. in fear or servility; cower.
2. to fawn; toady.
n.
3. servile or fawning deference.
[1175–1225; Middle English crengen,crenchen (transitive); Old English *crencean, crencgean, causative of cringan, crincan to yield, fall (in battle), c. Old Frisian krenza, Dutch krengen to keel over]
cring′er, n.
cring′ing•ly, adv.
cring′ing•ness, n.

cringe


Past participle: cringed
Gerund: cringing

Imperative
cringe
cringe
Present
I cringe
you cringe
he/she/it cringes
we cringe
you cringe
they cringe
Preterite
I cringed
you cringed
he/she/it cringed
we cringed
you cringed
they cringed
Present Continuous
I am cringing
you are cringing
he/she/it is cringing
we are cringing
you are cringing
they are cringing
Present Perfect
I have cringed
you have cringed
he/she/it has cringed
we have cringed
you have cringed
they have cringed
Past Continuous
I was cringing
you were cringing
he/she/it was cringing
we were cringing
you were cringing
they were cringing
Past Perfect
I had cringed
you had cringed
he/she/it had cringed
we had cringed
you had cringed
they had cringed
Future
I will cringe
you will cringe
he/she/it will cringe
we will cringe
you will cringe
they will cringe
Future Perfect
I will have cringed
you will have cringed
he/she/it will have cringed
we will have cringed
you will have cringed
they will have cringed
Future Continuous
I will be cringing
you will be cringing
he/she/it will be cringing
we will be cringing
you will be cringing
they will be cringing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been cringing
you have been cringing
he/she/it has been cringing
we have been cringing
you have been cringing
they have been cringing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been cringing
you will have been cringing
he/she/it will have been cringing
we will have been cringing
you will have been cringing
they will have been cringing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been cringing
you had been cringing
he/she/it had been cringing
we had been cringing
you had been cringing
they had been cringing
Conditional
I would cringe
you would cringe
he/she/it would cringe
we would cringe
you would cringe
they would cringe
Past Conditional
I would have cringed
you would have cringed
he/she/it would have cringed
we would have cringed
you would have cringed
they would have cringed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.cringe - draw back, as with fear or pain; "she flinched when they showed the slaughtering of the calf"
move - move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion; "He moved his hand slightly to the right"
shrink back, retract - pull away from a source of disgust or fear
2.cringe - show submission or fear
bend, flex - form a curve; "The stick does not bend"

cringe

verb
1. shrink, flinch, quail, recoil, start, shy, tremble, quiver, cower, draw back, blench I cringed in horror.
2. wince, squirm, writhe The idea makes me cringe.

cringe

verb
1. To draw away involuntarily, usually out of fear or disgust:
2. To support slavishly every opinion or suggestion of a superior:
Slang: suck up.
Idioms: curry favor, dance attendance, kiss someone's feet, lick someone's boots.
noun
An act of drawing back in an involuntary or instinctive fashion:
Translations
يَنْكَمِش خائِفا
krčit se
krybe sammen
hrökkva undan
susigūžti
atrautiesnovērsties
korkuyla büzülmek

cringe

[krɪndʒ] VI
1. (= shrink back) → encogerse (at ante) to cringe with fearencogerse de miedo
to cringe with embarrassmentmorirse de vergüenza
it makes me cringeme da horror
2. (= fawn) → acobardarse, agacharse (before ante)

cringe

[ˈkrɪndʒ] vi
(with disgust, physically)avoir un mouvement de recul; (mentally)se gêner
to cringe with embarrassment, to cringe in embarrassment → avoir envie de rentrer sous terre
it makes me cringe! (with embarrassment)ça me donne envie de rentrer sous terre!; (with disgust)Ça me hérisse! cringe-makingcringe-making [ˈkrɪndʒmeɪkɪŋ] adj (= embarrassing) → embarrassant(e)

cringe

vi
(= shrink back)zurückschrecken (→ at vor +dat); (fig)schaudern; to cringe before somebodyvor jdm zurückweichen or -schrecken; he cringed at the thoughter or ihn schauderte bei dem Gedanken; he cringed when she mispronounced his nameer zuckte zusammen, als sie seinen Namen falsch aussprach
(= humble oneself, fawn)katzbuckeln, kriechen (→ to vor +dat); to go cringing to somebodyzu jdm gekrochen kommen; a cringing personein Kriecher m; cringing behaviourkriecherisches Benehmen

cringe

[krɪndʒ] vi (in terror) to cringe (from)ritrarsi impaurito/a (da)
to cringe (before) (in servility) → strisciare (davanti a)
the very thought of it makes me cringe (fam) (in embarrassment) → solo a pensarci mi sento sprofondare

cringe

(krindʒ) verb
to shrink back in fear, terror etc. The dog cringed when his cruel master raised his hand to strike him.
References in classic literature ?
It was cruel iron-hard; and hour after hour they would cringe in its grasp, alone, alone.
He may cringe and growl, or cringe and not growl; but he either beats or cringes.
I therefore, I alone first undertook To wing the desolate Abyss, and spie This new created World, whereof in Hell Fame is not silent, here in hope to find Better abode, and my afflicted Powers To settle here on Earth, or in mid Aire; Though for possession put to try once more What thou and thy gay Legions dare against; Whose easier business were to serve thir Lord High up in Heav'n, with songs to hymne his Throne, And practis'd distances to cringe, not fight.
As they came forward they began to cringe towards Moreau and chant, quite regardless of one another, fragments of the latter half of the litany of the Law,--"His is the Hand that wounds; His is the Hand that heals," and so forth.
He appeared to cringe, mute, as if words had failed him through grief; then - bang
She didn't cringe, she didn't make herself smaller than she was; she took on the contrary a stand of her own and attracted things to herself.
It is very well to cringe and crawl now, but you thought little enough of this poor Horner in the dock for a crime of which he knew nothing.
For indeed, every sect of them, hath a diverse posture, or cringe by themselves, which cannot but move derision in worldlings, and depraved politics, who are apt to contemn holy things.
It is not my nature, sir, to cringe to any man, or to seek to prove a fact if my word has been doubted.
The employer of Master Bean had to cringe before two.
It is all very well for Rostov, whose father sends him ten thousand rubles at a time, to talk about not wishing to cringe to anybody and not be anyone's lackey, but I who have nothing but my brains have to make a career and must not miss opportunities, but must avail myself of them
It is my contemptible weakness that if I say a character smiled vacuously, I must smile vacuously; if he frowns or leers, I frown or leer; if he is a coward or given to contortions, I cringe, or twist my legs until I have to stop writing to undo the knot.