crust


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Related to crust: Eye crust, Pizza crust

crust

 (krŭst)
n.
1.
a. The hard outer portion or surface area of bread.
b. A piece of bread consisting mostly of the hard outer portion.
c. A piece of bread that has become hard and dry.
2. A pastry shell, as of a pie or tart.
3. A hard crisp covering or surface: snow with a firm crust.
4. A hard deposit formed on the interior of a wine bottle as the wine matures.
5. Geology
a. The solid, outermost layer of the earth, lying above the mantle.
b. The outermost solid layer of a planet or moon.
6. The hard outer covering or integument of certain plants and animals, such as lichens and crustaceans.
7. An outer layer or coating formed by the drying of a bodily exudate such as pus or blood; a scab.
8. Informal Insolence; audacity; gall.
v. crust·ed, crust·ing, crusts
v.tr.
1. To cover with a crust.
2. To form into a crust.
v.intr.
1. To become covered with a crust.
2. To harden into a crust.

[Middle English cruste, from Old French crouste, from Latin crusta; see kreus- in Indo-European roots.]

crust′less adj.

crust

(krʌst)
n
1. (Cookery)
a. the hard outer part of bread
b. a piece of bread consisting mainly of this
2. (Cookery) the baked shell of a pie, tart, etc
3. any hard or stiff outer covering or surface: a crust of ice.
4. (Geological Science) the solid outer shell of the earth, with an average thickness of 30–35 km in continental regions and 5 km beneath the oceans, forming the upper part of the lithosphere and lying immediately above the mantle, from which it is separated by the Mohorovičić discontinuity. See also sial, sima
5. (Pathology) the dry covering of a skin sore or lesion; scab
6. (Brewing) a layer of acid potassium tartrate deposited by some wine, esp port, on the inside of the bottle
7. (Biology) the hard outer layer of such organisms as lichens and crustaceans
8. slang impertinence
9. slang Brit and Austral and NZ a living (esp in the phrase earn a crust)
vb
10. to cover with or acquire a crust
11. to form or be formed into a crust
[C14: from Latin crūsta hard surface, rind, shell]

crust

(krʌst)

n.
1. the brown, hard outer surface of a loaf of bread.
2. a slice of bread from the end of the loaf.
3. a piece of stale bread.
4. the pastry containing the filling of a pie or other dish.
5. any hard external covering or coating, as of ice or snow.
6. a scab.
7. the outer layer of the earth, about 22 mi. (35 km) deep under the continents and 6 mi. (10 km) deep under the oceans.
8. Slang. presumption; gall.
v.t., v.i.
9. to cover or become covered with a crust.
10. to form into a crust.
[1275–1325; Middle English < Anglo-French, Old French cruste, croste < Latin crusta hard coating, crust]
crust′al, adj.

crust

(krŭst)
The solid, outermost layer of the Earth. ♦ The crust that lies underneath the continents is called continental crust, and is approximately 22 to 37 miles (35.4 to 59.6 kilometers) thick. It consists mostly of rocks rich in silica and aluminum, with minor amounts of iron, magnesium, calcium, sodium, and potassium. ♦ The crust that lies underneath the oceans is called oceanic crust, and is approximately 3 to 6 miles (4.8 to 9.7 kilometers) thick. It has a similar composition to that of continental crust, but has higher concentrations of iron, magnesium, and calcium. It is denser than continental crust.

crust

- From French crouste, from Latin crusta, "rind, shell; incrustation."
See also related terms for rind.

crust


Past participle: crusted
Gerund: crusting

Imperative
crust
crust
Present
I crust
you crust
he/she/it crusts
we crust
you crust
they crust
Preterite
I crusted
you crusted
he/she/it crusted
we crusted
you crusted
they crusted
Present Continuous
I am crusting
you are crusting
he/she/it is crusting
we are crusting
you are crusting
they are crusting
Present Perfect
I have crusted
you have crusted
he/she/it has crusted
we have crusted
you have crusted
they have crusted
Past Continuous
I was crusting
you were crusting
he/she/it was crusting
we were crusting
you were crusting
they were crusting
Past Perfect
I had crusted
you had crusted
he/she/it had crusted
we had crusted
you had crusted
they had crusted
Future
I will crust
you will crust
he/she/it will crust
we will crust
you will crust
they will crust
Future Perfect
I will have crusted
you will have crusted
he/she/it will have crusted
we will have crusted
you will have crusted
they will have crusted
Future Continuous
I will be crusting
you will be crusting
he/she/it will be crusting
we will be crusting
you will be crusting
they will be crusting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been crusting
you have been crusting
he/she/it has been crusting
we have been crusting
you have been crusting
they have been crusting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been crusting
you will have been crusting
he/she/it will have been crusting
we will have been crusting
you will have been crusting
they will have been crusting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been crusting
you had been crusting
he/she/it had been crusting
we had been crusting
you had been crusting
they had been crusting
Conditional
I would crust
you would crust
he/she/it would crust
we would crust
you would crust
they would crust
Past Conditional
I would have crusted
you would have crusted
he/she/it would have crusted
we would have crusted
you would have crusted
they would have crusted

crust


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The hard outer skin of rock forming the ocean floor and the continents. Continental crust averages 20 mi (33 km) thick. Oceanic crust is less than 6.2 mi (10 km) thick.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.crust - the outer layer of the Earthcrust - the outer layer of the Earth  
layer - a relatively thin sheetlike expanse or region lying over or under another
asthenosphere - the lower layer of the crust
horst - a ridge of the earth's crust that has been forced upward between two faults and so is higher than the surrounding land
geosphere, lithosphere - the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer mantle
crustal plate, plate - a rigid layer of the Earth's crust that is believed to drift slowly
sial - the granitelike rocks that form the outermost layer of the earth's crust; rich in silicon and aluminum
sima - rock that form the continuous lower layer of the earth's crust; rich in silicon and magnesium
2.crust - a hard outer layer that covers something
covering, natural covering, cover - a natural object that covers or envelops; "under a covering of dust"; "the fox was flushed from its cover"
calculus, tophus, tartar - an incrustation that forms on the teeth and gums
3.crust - the trait of being rude and impertinent; inclined to take liberties
rudeness, discourtesy - a manner that is rude and insulting
chutzpa, chutzpah, hutzpah - (Yiddish) unbelievable gall; insolence; audacity
Verb1.crust - form a crust or form into a crust; "The bread crusted in the oven"
change surface - undergo or cause to undergo a change in the surface

crust

noun
1. heel, end pieces of broken biscuit and hard crusts of bread
2. layer, covering, coating, incrustation, film, outside, skin, surface, shell, coat, caking, scab, concretion As the water evaporates, a crust of salt is left on the surface of the soil.
3. living, income, livelihood, subsistence, bread and butter (informal), daily bread, (means of) support, (source of) income In the old days, he would do almost anything to earn a crust.

crust

noun
Translations
قِشرَة الأرْضقِشْرَة خُبْزكعكَة مُربّى أو فاكِهَـه
kůrakůrkapečivo
dejlågjordskorpeskorpe
krusto
kuorikuorruttaa
kenyérhéj
bökubotnskel, skorpaskorpa
irzliaiirzlumaskriaukšlysplutasu pluta
garozamaizes garozapārlējumsvirsējā kārtazemes garoza
pečivo

crust

[krʌst]
A. N [of bread etc] → corteza f; (= dry bread) → mendrugo m; [of pie] → pasta f (Med) (on wound, sore) → costra f; [of wine] → depósito m, poso m; (= layer) → capa f (Geol) → corteza f
there were only a few crusts to eatpara comer sólo había unos pocos mendrugos
a thin crust of iceuna fina capa de hielo
the earth's crustla corteza terrestre
see also earn A
see also upper C
B. VT frost crusted the windscreenel parabrisas tenía una capa de hielo
boots crusted with mudbotas con barro incrustado

crust

[ˈkrʌst] n
[bread] → croûte f
to earn one's crust (British)gagner sa croûte
[pie] → croûte f
(= hard layer) (of mud, blood)croûte f; (of ice, snow)croûte f
[the earth] → croûte f, écorce f
the earth's crust → la croûte terrestre, l'écorce f terrestre

crust

n (all senses) → Kruste f; the earth’s crustdie Erdkruste; to earn a crust (inf)seinen Lebensunterhalt verdienen
viverkrusten; crusted portPortwein mmit Kruste

crust

[krʌst] ncrosta; (layer) → strato
the Earth's crust → la crosta terrestre

crust

(krast) noun
1. (a piece of) the hard outside coating of bread. The child would not eat the crusts.
2. (American) pastry. She makes excellent pie crust.
3. a hard surface especially the outer layer of the earth.
ˈcrusty adjective
1. having a crust. crusty bread.
2. surly or irritable.
ˈcrustily adverb
ˈcrustiness noun

crust

n. costra.

crust

n costra
References in classic literature ?
The jackdaws were eating pie- crust, and the magpie was drinking gravy out of a patty-pan.
While we were talking the mighty iron mole had bored its way over a mile into the rock of the earth's crust.
Our trip through the earth's crust was but a repetition of my two former journeys between the inner and the outer worlds.
It is my own crust of bread that I eat; and though that crust is but a poor one, and sometimes actually a maggoty one, it has at least been EARNED, and therefore, is being put to a right and lawful use.
A violent contraction of the lunar crust, while cooling, might suffice to imprint this gigantic star.
The emphasis was helped by the speaker's hair, which bristled on the skirts of his bald head, a plantation of firs to keep the wind from its shining surface, all covered with knobs, like the crust of a plum pie, as if the head had scarcely warehouse-room for the hard facts stored inside.
Ozma sent me word yesterday that the tunnel was all completed except for a thin crust of earth at the end.
And another thing they learned was that it was easier for one who has gorged at the flesh-pots to content himself with the meagerness of a crust, than for one who has known only the crust.
Then I told her, with my arms clasped round her, how I loved her, so dearly, and so dearly; how I felt it right to offer to release her from her engagement, because now I was poor; how I never could bear it, or recover it, if I lost her; how I had no fears of poverty, if she had none, my arm being nerved and my heart inspired by her; how I was already working with a courage such as none but lovers knew; how I had begun to be practical, and look into the future; how a crust well earned was sweeter far than a feast inherited; and much more to the same purpose, which I delivered in a burst of passionate eloquence quite surprising to myself, though I had been thinking about it, day and night, ever since my aunt had astonished me.
Also, item, twelve silver pennies," interposed the tinker, unsubdued; "item, one crust of bread, 'gainst my supper.
Upon a sideboard appeared the colossal pie with the duke's arms on it, and seemingly cooked to a turn, as far as one could judge by the golden color which illuminated the crust.
With these I would have a long, slim loaf of wheaten bread that hath been baked upon the hearth; it should be warm from the fire, with glossy brown crust, the color of the hair of mine own Maid Marian, and this same crust should be as crisp and brittle as the thin white ice that lies across the furrows in the early winter's morning.