crust


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to crust: Eye crust, Pizza crust

crust

 (krŭst)
n.
1.
a. The hard outer portion or surface area of bread.
b. A piece of bread consisting mostly of the hard outer portion.
c. A piece of bread that has become hard and dry.
2. A pastry shell, as of a pie or tart.
3. A hard crisp covering or surface: snow with a firm crust.
4. A hard deposit formed on the interior of a wine bottle as the wine matures.
5. Geology
a. The solid, outermost layer of the earth, lying above the mantle.
b. The outermost solid layer of a planet or moon.
6. The hard outer covering or integument of certain plants and animals, such as lichens and crustaceans.
7. An outer layer or coating formed by the drying of a bodily exudate such as pus or blood; a scab.
8. Informal Insolence; audacity; gall.
v. crust·ed, crust·ing, crusts
v.tr.
1. To cover with a crust.
2. To form into a crust.
v.intr.
1. To become covered with a crust.
2. To harden into a crust.

[Middle English cruste, from Old French crouste, from Latin crusta; see kreus- in Indo-European roots.]

crust′less adj.

crust

(krʌst)
n
1. (Cookery)
a. the hard outer part of bread
b. a piece of bread consisting mainly of this
2. (Cookery) the baked shell of a pie, tart, etc
3. any hard or stiff outer covering or surface: a crust of ice.
4. (Geological Science) the solid outer shell of the earth, with an average thickness of 30–35 km in continental regions and 5 km beneath the oceans, forming the upper part of the lithosphere and lying immediately above the mantle, from which it is separated by the Mohorovičić discontinuity. See also sial, sima
5. (Pathology) the dry covering of a skin sore or lesion; scab
6. (Brewing) a layer of acid potassium tartrate deposited by some wine, esp port, on the inside of the bottle
7. (Biology) the hard outer layer of such organisms as lichens and crustaceans
8. slang impertinence
9. slang Brit and Austral and NZ a living (esp in the phrase earn a crust)
vb
10. to cover with or acquire a crust
11. to form or be formed into a crust
[C14: from Latin crūsta hard surface, rind, shell]

crust

(krʌst)

n.
1. the brown, hard outer surface of a loaf of bread.
2. a slice of bread from the end of the loaf.
3. a piece of stale bread.
4. the pastry containing the filling of a pie or other dish.
5. any hard external covering or coating, as of ice or snow.
6. a scab.
7. the outer layer of the earth, about 22 mi. (35 km) deep under the continents and 6 mi. (10 km) deep under the oceans.
8. Slang. presumption; gall.
v.t., v.i.
9. to cover or become covered with a crust.
10. to form into a crust.
[1275–1325; Middle English < Anglo-French, Old French cruste, croste < Latin crusta hard coating, crust]
crust′al, adj.

crust

(krŭst)
The solid, outermost layer of the Earth. ♦ The crust that lies underneath the continents is called continental crust, and is approximately 22 to 37 miles (35.4 to 59.6 kilometers) thick. It consists mostly of rocks rich in silica and aluminum, with minor amounts of iron, magnesium, calcium, sodium, and potassium. ♦ The crust that lies underneath the oceans is called oceanic crust, and is approximately 3 to 6 miles (4.8 to 9.7 kilometers) thick. It has a similar composition to that of continental crust, but has higher concentrations of iron, magnesium, and calcium. It is denser than continental crust.

crust

- From French crouste, from Latin crusta, "rind, shell; incrustation."
See also related terms for rind.

crust


Past participle: crusted
Gerund: crusting

Imperative
crust
crust
Present
I crust
you crust
he/she/it crusts
we crust
you crust
they crust
Preterite
I crusted
you crusted
he/she/it crusted
we crusted
you crusted
they crusted
Present Continuous
I am crusting
you are crusting
he/she/it is crusting
we are crusting
you are crusting
they are crusting
Present Perfect
I have crusted
you have crusted
he/she/it has crusted
we have crusted
you have crusted
they have crusted
Past Continuous
I was crusting
you were crusting
he/she/it was crusting
we were crusting
you were crusting
they were crusting
Past Perfect
I had crusted
you had crusted
he/she/it had crusted
we had crusted
you had crusted
they had crusted
Future
I will crust
you will crust
he/she/it will crust
we will crust
you will crust
they will crust
Future Perfect
I will have crusted
you will have crusted
he/she/it will have crusted
we will have crusted
you will have crusted
they will have crusted
Future Continuous
I will be crusting
you will be crusting
he/she/it will be crusting
we will be crusting
you will be crusting
they will be crusting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been crusting
you have been crusting
he/she/it has been crusting
we have been crusting
you have been crusting
they have been crusting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been crusting
you will have been crusting
he/she/it will have been crusting
we will have been crusting
you will have been crusting
they will have been crusting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been crusting
you had been crusting
he/she/it had been crusting
we had been crusting
you had been crusting
they had been crusting
Conditional
I would crust
you would crust
he/she/it would crust
we would crust
you would crust
they would crust
Past Conditional
I would have crusted
you would have crusted
he/she/it would have crusted
we would have crusted
you would have crusted
they would have crusted

crust


click for a larger image
The hard outer skin of rock forming the ocean floor and the continents. Continental crust averages 20 mi (33 km) thick. Oceanic crust is less than 6.2 mi (10 km) thick.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.crust - the outer layer of the Earthcrust - the outer layer of the Earth  
layer - a relatively thin sheetlike expanse or region lying over or under another
asthenosphere - the lower layer of the crust
horst - a ridge of the earth's crust that has been forced upward between two faults and so is higher than the surrounding land
geosphere, lithosphere - the solid part of the earth consisting of the crust and outer mantle
crustal plate, plate - a rigid layer of the Earth's crust that is believed to drift slowly
sial - the granitelike rocks that form the outermost layer of the earth's crust; rich in silicon and aluminum
sima - rock that form the continuous lower layer of the earth's crust; rich in silicon and magnesium
2.crust - a hard outer layer that covers something
covering, natural covering, cover - a natural object that covers or envelops; "under a covering of dust"; "the fox was flushed from its cover"
calculus, tophus, tartar - an incrustation that forms on the teeth and gums
3.crust - the trait of being rude and impertinent; inclined to take liberties
rudeness, discourtesy - a manner that is rude and insulting
chutzpa, chutzpah, hutzpah - (Yiddish) unbelievable gall; insolence; audacity
Verb1.crust - form a crust or form into a crust; "The bread crusted in the oven"
change surface - undergo or cause to undergo a change in the surface

crust

noun
1. heel, end pieces of broken biscuit and hard crusts of bread
2. layer, covering, coating, incrustation, film, outside, skin, surface, shell, coat, caking, scab, concretion As the water evaporates, a crust of salt is left on the surface of the soil.
3. living, income, livelihood, subsistence, bread and butter (informal), daily bread, (means of) support, (source of) income In the old days, he would do almost anything to earn a crust.

crust

noun
Translations
قِشرَة الأرْضقِشْرَة خُبْزكعكَة مُربّى أو فاكِهَـه
kůrakůrkapečivo
dejlågjordskorpeskorpe
krusto
kuorikuorruttaa
kenyérhéj
bökubotnskel, skorpaskorpa
irzliaiirzlumaskriaukšlysplutasu pluta
garozamaizes garozapārlējumsvirsējā kārtazemes garoza
pečivo

crust

[krʌst]
A. N [of bread etc] → corteza f; (= dry bread) → mendrugo m; [of pie] → pasta f (Med) (on wound, sore) → costra f; [of wine] → depósito m, poso m; (= layer) → capa f (Geol) → corteza f
there were only a few crusts to eatpara comer sólo había unos pocos mendrugos
a thin crust of iceuna fina capa de hielo
the earth's crustla corteza terrestre
see also earn A
see also upper C
B. VT frost crusted the windscreenel parabrisas tenía una capa de hielo
boots crusted with mudbotas con barro incrustado

crust

[ˈkrʌst] n
[bread] → croûte f
to earn one's crust (British)gagner sa croûte
[pie] → croûte f
(= hard layer) (of mud, blood)croûte f; (of ice, snow)croûte f
[the earth] → croûte f, écorce f
the earth's crust → la croûte terrestre, l'écorce f terrestre

crust

n (all senses) → Kruste f; the earth’s crustdie Erdkruste; to earn a crust (inf)seinen Lebensunterhalt verdienen
viverkrusten; crusted portPortwein mmit Kruste

crust

[krʌst] ncrosta; (layer) → strato
the Earth's crust → la crosta terrestre

crust

(krast) noun
1. (a piece of) the hard outside coating of bread. The child would not eat the crusts.
2. (American) pastry. She makes excellent pie crust.
3. a hard surface especially the outer layer of the earth.
ˈcrusty adjective
1. having a crust. crusty bread.
2. surly or irritable.
ˈcrustily adverb
ˈcrustiness noun

crust

n. costra.

crust

n costra
References in classic literature ?
The outer crust of her life, all of her natural diffidence and reserve, was tom away and she gave herself over to the emotions of love.
She had borne that morning all that nature could endure; and as her temperament was not of the order that escapes from too intense suffering by a swoon, her spirit could only shelter itself beneath a stony crust of insensibility, while the faculties of animal life remained entire.
How often did he shrink with curdling awe at the sound of his own steps on the frosty crust beneath his feet; and dread to look over his shoulder, lest he should behold some uncouth being tramping close behind him
There were cold pates, and thin slices of meat, tiny bread and butter sandwiches with the crust cut off, a bowl of sliced peaches and cream (in January), little fancy cakes, pink and green and yellow and white, and half a dozen ice-cold bottles of wine.
I and Missis, we come pretty near quarrelling about dat ar crust.
We fixed it up away down in the woods, and cooked it there; and we got it done at last, and very satisfactory, too; but not all in one day; and we had to use up three wash-pans full of flour before we got through, and we got burnt pretty much all over, in places, and eyes put out with the smoke; because, you see, we didn't want nothing but a crust, and we couldn't prop it up right, and she would always cave in.
And my money,' she continued; returning his angry glare, and meantime biting a piece of crust, the remnant of her breakfast.
It just burst out because all at once I couldn't help remembering that last big potato you ate and the way your mouth stretched when you bit through that thick lovely crust with jam and clotted cream on it.
The pigeon-pie was not bad, but it was a delusive pie: the crust being like a disappointing head, phrenologically speaking: full of lumps and bumps, with nothing particular underneath.
Then she took some butter (not too much) on a knife and spread it on the loaf, in an apothecary kind of way, as if she were making a plaister - using both sides of the knife with a slapping dexterity, and trimming and moulding the butter off round the crust.
Then the master made me a sign to come to his trencher side; but as I walked on the table, being in great surprise all the time, as the indulgent reader will easily conceive and excuse, I happened to stumble against a crust, and fell flat on my face, but received no hurt.
One day an old man went to a stream to dip in a crust of bread which he was going to eat, when a dog came out of the water, snatched the bread from his hand, and ran away.