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 (krĭp-tôr′kĭ-dĭz′əm) also crypt·or·chism (-kĭz′əm)
A developmental defect marked by the failure of the testes to descend into the scrotum.

[From New Latin cryptorchidismus, from Greek kruptorkhos, having undescended testicles : crypt(o)- + orkhis, orkhid-, testicle.]

crypt·or′chid n.


(krɪpˈtɔr kɪˌdɪz əm)

also cryp•tor•chism

(-kɪz əm)

failure of one or both testes to descend into the scrotum.
[1880–85; < New Latin cryptorchidismus=crypt- crypto- + orchid- (< Greek orchid-; see orchid) + -ismus -ism]
cryp•tor′chid, adj.


the failure of one or both testes to descend normally. — cryp-torchid, n., adj.
See also: Sex
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cryptorchidism - failure of one or both testes to move into the scrotum as the male fetus develops
undescended testicle, undescended testis - a testis that fails to move into the scrotum as the male fetus develops; "undescended testicles have an increased risk for cancer"
monorchidism, monorchism - failure of one testes to descend into the scrotum
abnormalcy, abnormality - an abnormal physical condition resulting from defective genes or developmental deficiencies


n criptorquidia
References in periodicals archive ?
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether exposure to in utero chlordane is related to cryptorchidism and hypospadias, we evaluated levels of chlordane derivatives, trans-nonachlor and oxychlordane, among pregnant women enrolled in the Collaborative Perinatal Project (CPP).
In parallel, male reproductive disorders, including hypospadias and cryptorchidism, were predicted for p, p'-DDT, p, p'-DDT, and p, p'-DDE.
Associated anomalies include inguinal hernia, cryptorchidism, and exstrophy of the bladder.
In utero exposure of rats to high doses of certain phthalate esters, such as diethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP) or di(n-butyl) phthalate (DBP), impairs steroidogenesis by the fetal testis, resulting in postnatal disorders such as hypospadias, cryptorchidism, and impaired spermatogenesis (Drake et al.
Dolores Lamb, director of the Center for Reproductive Medicine at Baylor, professor and vice chair for research of urology and molecular and cellular biology at Baylor, asid cryptorchidism and hypospadias are among the most common birth defects but the causes are usually unknown.
All patients were initially visited by urologist, interviewed and questioned about their sexual behavior, history of prior surgical interventions or childhood diseases such as cryptorchidism that affect fertility and family history of infertility.
Molecular aetiological mechanisms of sperm DNA fragmentation Endogenous Exogenous Dysfunction of topoisomerase II Abortive apoptosis expressed in: Hypospermatogenesis- maturation arrest at the spermatid stage Advanced male age ROS Varicocele patients Chronic prostatitis Testicular torsion, cryptorchidism, vasectomy Radiation, heat exposure Hormonal dysfunction Table 2.
A total of 1 case of cryptorchidism was recorded in cattle bull in the present study, whereas no such cases were found in buffalo bull.
The patients have an increased risk of cryptorchidism, inguinal hernia, and testicular malignancy.