These products are used as plasma volume replacement following acute (sudden) blood loss, where treatment with alternative products known as crystalloids
alone is not considered to be sufficient.
All patients were treated according to our Institutional protocol, which included early hydration with crystalloids
(mostly Ringer's Lactate and Normal Saline), Ryle's tube aspiration, Silymarin, Nacetylcysteine, fresh frozen plasma, vitamin C and other supportive treatment.
We follow the American Society of Gastroenterology guidelines for initial resuscitation that includes giving crystalloids
to maintain adequate blood pressure and blood products to meet the demand of ongoing blood loss, significant hemorrhage or cardiac ischemia.
Such iatrogenic anemia can be caused by hemodilution due to the routine administration of non-oxygen carrying crystalloids
solutions, often in large amounts resulting in a reduced number of circulating oxygen carrying red blood cells.
A recent meta-analysis of albumin use in burns  concluded that albumin administration was associated with lower mortality and decreased risk of abdominal compartment syndrome than resuscitation with crystalloids
The leaf blade is completely covered with a dense wax layer making visible the stomatal pore found only on abaxial surface and crystalloids
of epicuticular wax in threads were observed (Figure 1A).
This approach, which includes the use of resuscitation to blood pressure targets slightly below normal levels (80 mm to 90 mm Hg systolic) in order to minimize pressure-induced rebleeding--so-called "hypotensive resuscitation," and the avoidance of crystalloids
and colloids has been termed damage control resuscitation (DCR).
This is supported by marked baseline imbalance in the numbers of patients that received crystalloids
and colloids in the 12 h prior to randomization.
This retrospective observational study used the ROC curve and gray zone approaches to examine the accuracy of cPDE in the evaluation of hemodilution response to mini fluid challenges with crystalloids
in the mVLT protocol.
The CRISTAL (The Colloids Versus Crystalloids
for the Resuscitation of the Critically Ill) (9) study, compared colloids (gelatins, dextrans, HES, and albumin) to crystalloids
(isotonic or hypertonic saline solution, Ringer's lactate) in septic patients and patients in hypovolemic shock, showing a mortality at 28 days of 25.
Cold blood cardioplegia was prepared by mixing four parts of blood with one part of crystalloids
There are two major types of IV solutions: crystalloids