cumber

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Related to cumberer: recumb

cum·ber

 (kŭm′bər)
tr.v. cum·bered, cum·ber·ing, cum·bers
1. To weigh down; burden: was cumbered with many duties.
2. To hamper or hinder, as by being in the way: was cumbered with a long poncho.
3. To litter; clutter up: Weeds cumbered the garden paths.
4. Archaic To bother; distress.
n.
A hindrance; an encumbrance.

[Middle English combren, to annoy, from Old French combrer, from combre, hindrance, from Vulgar Latin *comboros, of Celtic origin.]

cum′ber·er n.

cumber

(ˈkʌmbə)
vb (tr)
1. to obstruct or hinder
2. obsolete to inconvenience
n
a hindrance or burden
[C13: probably from Old French combrer to impede, prevent, from combre barrier; see encumber]
ˈcumberer n

cum•ber

(ˈkʌm bər)

v.t.
1. to hinder; hamper.
2. to overload; burden.
3. to inconvenience; trouble.
n.
4. a hindrance.
5. something that cumbers.
6. Archaic. embarrassment; trouble.
[1250–1300; Middle English cumbre (n.), cumbren (v.), aph. variant of acumbren to harass, defeat; see encumber]
cum′ber•er, n.
cum′ber•ment, n.

cumber


Past participle: cumbered
Gerund: cumbering

Imperative
cumber
cumber
Present
I cumber
you cumber
he/she/it cumbers
we cumber
you cumber
they cumber
Preterite
I cumbered
you cumbered
he/she/it cumbered
we cumbered
you cumbered
they cumbered
Present Continuous
I am cumbering
you are cumbering
he/she/it is cumbering
we are cumbering
you are cumbering
they are cumbering
Present Perfect
I have cumbered
you have cumbered
he/she/it has cumbered
we have cumbered
you have cumbered
they have cumbered
Past Continuous
I was cumbering
you were cumbering
he/she/it was cumbering
we were cumbering
you were cumbering
they were cumbering
Past Perfect
I had cumbered
you had cumbered
he/she/it had cumbered
we had cumbered
you had cumbered
they had cumbered
Future
I will cumber
you will cumber
he/she/it will cumber
we will cumber
you will cumber
they will cumber
Future Perfect
I will have cumbered
you will have cumbered
he/she/it will have cumbered
we will have cumbered
you will have cumbered
they will have cumbered
Future Continuous
I will be cumbering
you will be cumbering
he/she/it will be cumbering
we will be cumbering
you will be cumbering
they will be cumbering
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been cumbering
you have been cumbering
he/she/it has been cumbering
we have been cumbering
you have been cumbering
they have been cumbering
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been cumbering
you will have been cumbering
he/she/it will have been cumbering
we will have been cumbering
you will have been cumbering
they will have been cumbering
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been cumbering
you had been cumbering
he/she/it had been cumbering
we had been cumbering
you had been cumbering
they had been cumbering
Conditional
I would cumber
you would cumber
he/she/it would cumber
we would cumber
you would cumber
they would cumber
Past Conditional
I would have cumbered
you would have cumbered
he/she/it would have cumbered
we would have cumbered
you would have cumbered
they would have cumbered
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.cumber - hold back
confine, limit, throttle, trammel, restrain, restrict, bound - place limits on (extent or access); "restrict the use of this parking lot"; "limit the time you can spend with your friends"
bridle - put a bridle on; "bridle horses"
curb - keep to the curb; "curb your dogs"
clog - impede the motion of, as with a chain or a burden; "horses were clogged until they were tamed"

cumber

verb
To place a burden or heavy load on:
References in classic literature ?
The thoughts of living on, year after year, at the Grove - a hanger-on upon mamma and Walter, a mere cumberer of the ground (now that I know in what light they would regard it), is perfectly intolerable; I would rather run away with the butler.
In contrast, ageing for the woman in her seventies is ideally graceful; in her eighties, however, "second childhood loosens all her tongue" and by her nineties she has become a "useless cumberer.
On the same occasion, his bewilderment grew as his father's business associates, actually a very nice and sympathetic Spanish family "spoke of their Spanish labourers and French tenantry, with no idea whatever respecting them but that, except as producers by their labour of money to be spent in Paris, they were cumberers of the ground" (35.