In plants the down on the fruit and the colour of the flesh are considered by botanists as characters of the most trifling importance: yet we hear from an excellent horticulturist, Downing, that in the United States smooth-skinned fruits suffer far more from a beetle, a curculio
, than those with down; that purple plums suffer far more from a certain disease than yellow plums; whereas another disease attacks yellow-fleshed peaches far more than those with other coloured flesh.
The cowpea curculio
is typically found in the southern part of the United States.
Key pests impact production of nuts, such as the pecan nut casebearer Acrobasis nuxvorella Neunzig, the hickory shuckworm Cydia caryana (Fitch), the pecan weevil Curculio
caryae (Horn), and numerous species of stink bugs; secondary pests attack the foliage, such as the pecan aphids Monellia caryella (Fitch), Melanocallis caryaefoliae (Davis), and Monelliopsis pecanis Bissell, the pecan phylloxera Phylloxera sp.
is a 1/2 to 3/4-inch long yellowish beetle with a sucking snout.
Some acorns have shell damage or evidence of infestation by acorn weevils (small round exit hole; Curculio
e) Species evaluated in the "mini pest risk assessments" representing lower threats and not included in this table are (in alphabetic order by common name): Chestnut weevil, Curculio
elephas; European grape vine moth or Grape berry moth, Lobesia botrana; False codling moth, Thaumatotibia leucotreta Fruit piercing moth, Eudocima fullonia; Giant woodwasp, Urocerus gigas; Old World bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera; Soft wax scale, Ceroplastes destructor Table 2.
, Conotrachelus nenuphar, is a tiny, snout-nosed beetle and major pest of stone fruits, including peaches.
Examples of what he has in mind (the treatise provides specific passages for these observations) include the flatulence jokes in Curculio
One pest that was present--and proved to be repelled effectively by the Surround spray--was plum curculio
, a common apple worm that Thomas calls "just a nightmare.
fulvus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) and its effects on acorns of live oak, Quercus virginiana Miller.
Effects of microwave treatment of live oak acorns on germination and on Curculio
2004), plum curculio
[Conotrachelus nenuphar (Herbst); Coleoptera: Curculionidae] and western corn rootworm [Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte; Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae] (Boiteau et al.