custom


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Related to custom: Custom duty, Custom stickers

cus·tom

(kŭs′təm)
n.
1.
a. A traditional practice or usual way of doing something followed by a social group or people.
b. The tradition or body of such practices: The respect that is by custom accorded to the king.
2.
a. A habitual practice of a person: my custom of reading a little before sleep. See Synonyms at habit.
b. Habitual manner or practice: I am not by custom a coffee drinker.
3. Law A common tradition or usage so long established that it has the force or validity of law.
4. Habitual patronage, as of a store: tried to obtain the custom of the wealthiest shoppers.
5. customs
a. Duties or taxes imposed on imported and, less commonly, exported goods.
b. (used with a sing. verb) The governmental agency authorized to collect these duties.
c. (used with a sing. verb) The place where goods and baggage entering a country are inspected by this agency: go through customs.
6. Tribute, service, or rent paid by a feudal tenant to a lord.
adj.
1. Made to order: custom suits.
2. Specializing in the making or selling of made-to-order goods: a custom tailor.

[Middle English custume, from Old French costume, from Vulgar Latin *cōnstūm(i)n-, alteration of Latin cōnsuētūdin-, oblique stem of cōnsuētūdō, custom, from cōnsuētus, past participle of cōnsuēscere, to accustom : com-, intensive prefix; see com- + suēscere, to become accustomed; see s(w)e- in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]

custom

(ˈkʌstəm)
n
1. a usual or habitual practice; typical mode of behaviour
2. (Sociology) the long-established habits or traditions of a society collectively; convention: custom dictates good manners.
3. (Law)
a. a practice which by long-established usage has come to have the force of law
b. such practices collectively (esp in the phrase custom and practice)
4. (Commerce) habitual patronage, esp of a shop or business
5. (Commerce) the customers of a shop or business collectively
6. (Historical Terms) (in feudal Europe) a tribute paid by a vassal to his lord
adj
7. made to the specifications of an individual customer (often in the combinations custom-built, custom-made)
8. specializing in goods so made
[C12: from Old French costume, from Latin consuētūdō, from consuēscere to grow accustomed to, from suēscere to be used to]

cus•tom

(ˈkʌs təm)

n.
1. a habitual practice; the usual way of acting in given circumstances.
2. habits or usages collectively; convention.
3. a practice so long established that it has the force of law.
4. such practices collectively.
5. customs,
a. (used with a sing. or pl. v.) duties imposed by law on imported or, sometimes, exported goods.
b. (used with a sing. v.) the government department that collects these duties.
c. (used with a sing. v.) the section of an airport, station, etc., where baggage is checked for contraband and for goods subject to duty.
6. regular patronage of a shop, restaurant, etc.
7. customers or patrons collectively.
8. a customary tax, tribute, or service due by feudal tenants to their lord.
adj.
9. made specially for individual customers: custom shoes.
10. dealing in things so made, or doing work to order: a custom tailor.
[1150–1200; Middle English custume < Anglo-French; Old French costume < Vulgar Latin *consuētūminem, for Latin consuētūdinem, acc. of consuētūdō habit]
syn: custom, habit, practice mean an established way of doing things. custom, applied to a community or to an individual, implies a more or less permanent way of acting reinforced by tradition and social attitudes: the custom of giving gifts at Christmas. habit, applied particularly to an individual, implies such repetition of the same action as to develop a natural, spontaneous, or rooted tendency or inclination to perform it: He has an annoying habit of interrupting the speaker. practice applies to a regularly followed procedure or pattern in conducting activities: It is his practice to verify all statements.

habit

custom
1. 'habit'

A habit is something that a person does often or regularly.

He had a nervous habit of biting his nails.
Try to get out of the habit of adding unnecessary salt in cooking.
2. 'custom'

A custom is something that people in a society do at a particular time of year or in a particular situation.

It is the custom to take chocolates or fruit when visiting a patient in hospital.
My wife likes all the old English customs.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.custom - accepted or habitual practicecustom - accepted or habitual practice  
practice, pattern - a customary way of operation or behavior; "it is their practice to give annual raises"; "they changed their dietary pattern"
Americanism - a custom that is peculiar to the United States or its citizens
Anglicism, Britishism - a custom that is peculiar to England or its citizens
consuetude - a custom or usage that has acquired the force of law
couvade - a custom among some peoples whereby the husband of a pregnant wife is put to bed at the time of bearing the child
Germanism - a custom that is peculiar to Germany or its citizens
habit, use - (psychology) an automatic pattern of behavior in reaction to a specific situation; may be inherited or acquired through frequent repetition; "owls have nocturnal habits"; "she had a habit twirling the ends of her hair"; "long use had hardened him to it"
hijab - the custom in some Islamic societies of women dressing modestly outside the home; "she observes the hijab and does not wear tight clothing"
survival - something that survives
ritual, rite - any customary observance or practice
2.custom - a specific practice of long standingcustom - a specific practice of long standing
practice - knowledge of how something is usually done; "it is not the local practice to wear shorts to dinner"
habit, wont - an established custom; "it was their habit to dine at 7 every evening"
Hadith - (Islam) a tradition based on reports of the sayings and activities of Muhammad and his companions
institution - a custom that for a long time has been an important feature of some group or society; "the institution of marriage"; "the institution of slavery"; "he had become an institution in the theater"
3.custom - money collected under a tariff
tariff, duty - a government tax on imports or exports; "they signed a treaty to lower duties on trade between their countries"
ship money - an impost levied in England to provide money for ships for national defense
4.custom - habitual patronage; "I have given this tailor my custom for many years"
trade, patronage - the business given to a commercial establishment by its customers; "even before noon there was a considerable patronage"
Adj.1.custom - made according to the specifications of an individual

custom

noun
1. tradition, practice, convention, ritual, form, policy, rule, style, fashion, usage, formality, etiquette, observance, praxis, unwritten law The custom of lighting the Olympic flame goes back centuries.
2. habit, way, practice, manner, procedure, routine, mode, wont It was his custom to approach every problem cautiously.
3. customers, business, trade, patronage Providing discounts is not the only way to win custom.
Quotations
"Custom reconciles us to everything" [Edmund Burke The Origin of our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful]
"a custom"
"More honoured in the breach than the observance" [William Shakespeare Hamlet]

custom

noun
1. A habitual way of behaving:
2. The commercial transactions of customers with a supplier:
adjective
Made according to the specifications of the buyer:
Translations
زِبانه، تعامُل مع مَتْجَرعادَه، عُرْفعُرْف
zákaznícizvykzvyklost
skikstamkundervanekundekreds
harjumuskommetava
tapakäytäntö
običaj
vevõkör
venja, vaniviîskipti
風習
관습
įprastaiįprotismuitasmuitinėpaprastai
klientūraparadumsparažapastāvīgi pircēji
carinanavada
sed
ขนบธรรมเนียม
phong tục

custom

[ˈkʌstəm]
A. N
1. (= habit, usual behaviour) → costumbre f
social customscostumbres fpl sociales
it is her custom to go for a walk each eveningtiene la costumbre de or tiene por costumbre dar un paseo cada tarde, acostumbra or suele dar un paseo cada tarde
2. (Comm) → clientela f; (= total sales) → caja f, ventas fpl
to attract customatraer clientela
to get sb's customganar la clientela de algn
we've not had much custom todayhoy hemos tenido pocos clientes
the shop has lost a lot of customla tienda ha perdido muchos clientes
see also customs
B. CPD (esp US)
see custom-built, custom-made

custom

[ˈkʌstəm]
n
(= tradition) → coutume f, usage m
It's an old custom → C'est une ancienne coutume.
(= social convention) → coutume f
(= habit) → habitude f
(= business) → clientèle f
to take one's custom elsewhere → aller ailleurs
(LAW)droit m coutumier, coutume f
modif (= customized) [kitchen] → fait(e) sur mesure; [design] → fait(e) sur commande; [software] → personnalisé(e)

custom

n
(= established behaviour, convention)Sitte f, → Brauch m; custom demands …es ist Sitte or Brauch; as custom has itwie es Sitte or (der) Brauch ist; our customsunsere Bräuche pl, → unsere Sitten und Gebräuche pl
(= habit)(An)gewohnheit f; it was his custom to rest each afternooner pflegte am Nachmittag zu ruhen (geh); as was his customwie er es gewohnt war, wie er es zu tun pflegte (geh)
no pl (Comm: = patronage) → Kundschaft f; to get somebody’s customjdn als Kunden gewinnen; to take one’s custom elsewhere(als Kunde) anderswo hingehen, woanders Kunde werden; we get a lot of custom from touristswir haben viele Touristen als Kunden, viele unserer Kunden sind Touristen
customs pl (= duty, organization)Zoll m; (the) Customsder Zoll; the Customs and Excise Departmentdie britische Zollbehörde; to go through customsdurch den Zoll gehen; to get something through the customsetw durch den Zoll bekommen
(Jur) → Gewohnheitsrecht nt; that is custom and practicedas ist allgemein üblich
adj
(US) suit, shoesmaßgefertigt; carpenterauf Bestellung arbeitend; custom tailorMaßschneider(in) m(f)
(Comput) → benutzerdefiniert

custom

[ˈkʌstəm] n
a.costume m, usanza, consuetudine f (Law) → consuetudine
social customs → convenzioni fpl sociali
it is her custom to go for a walk each evening → è sua consuetudine fare una passeggiata ogni sera
b. (Comm) to get sb's customottenere qn per cliente
the shop has lost a lot of custom → il negozio ha perso molti clienti
see also customs

custom

(ˈkastəm) noun
1. what a person etc is in the habit of doing or does regularly. It's my custom to go for a walk on Saturday mornings; religious customs.
2. the regular buying of goods at the same shop etc; trade or business. The new supermarkets take away custom from the small shops.
ˈcustomary adjective
habitual; usually done etc. It is customary to eat turkey for Christmas dinner.
ˈcustomarily adverb
ˈcustomer noun
1. a person who buys from a shop etc. our regular customers.
2. used jokingly for a person. a strange customer.
ˈcustoms noun plural
1. (the government department that collects) taxes paid on goods coming into a country. Did you have to pay customs on those watches?; He works for the customs; (also adjective) customs duty.
2. the place at a port etc where these taxes are collected. I was searched when I came through customs at the airport.

custom

عُرْف zvyklost skik Brauch έθιμο costumbre tapa coutume običaj costume 風習 관습 gewoonte sedvane zwyczaj costume обычай sed ขนบธรรมเนียม adet phong tục 习惯

custom

n. costumbre, hábito.
References in classic literature ?
These old gentlemen -- seated, like Matthew at the receipt of custom, but not very liable to be summoned thence, like him, for apostolic errands -- were Custom-House officers.
He had been shut up in the Custom House, and he was to he transferred to London the next day.
He ordered at the same time that all the Apes be arranged in a long row on his right hand and on his left, and that a throne be placed for him, as was the custom among men.
It is true, that what is settled by custom, though it be not good, yet at least it is fit; and those things which have long gone together, are, as it were, confederate within themselves; whereas new things piece not so well; but though they help by their utility, yet they trouble by their inconformity.
But," he continued, in his fierce guttural tones, "if you run off with the red girl it is I who shall have to account to Tal Hajus; it is I who shall have to face Tars Tarkas, and either demonstrate my right to command, or the metal from my dead carcass will go to a better man, for such is the custom of the Tharks.
There is indeed another custom, which I cannot altogether approve of: when the king has a mind to put any of his nobles to death in a gentle indulgent manner, he commands the floor to be strewed with a certain brown powder of a deadly composition, which being licked up, infallibly kills him in twenty-four hours.
One custom of this country deserves to be remarked: when a stranger comes to a village, or to the camp, the people are obliged to entertain him and his company according to his rank.
Then silence being made, Warner reminds them of the old School-house custom of drinking the healths, on the first night of singing, of those who are going to leave at the end of the half.
Then, according to foreign custom, the presentations took place.
This custom prevails principally among the tribes on the sea-coast, and about the lower parts of the rivers.
Strolling along the native runways in the fringe of jungle just beyond the beach, as was his custom, to see whatever he might pick up, the steward had picked up Kwaque.
as the Cretans do; which proves from whence the custom arose.