cut down


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Related to cut down: cut down to size

cut

 (kŭt)
v. cut, cut·ting, cuts
v.tr.
1. To penetrate with a sharp edge; strike a narrow opening in.
2. To separate into parts with or as if with a sharp-edged instrument; sever: cut cloth with scissors.
3. To sever the edges or ends of; shorten: cut one's hair.
4. To mow, reap, or harvest: cut grain; cut grass.
5. To fell by sawing; hew.
6. To have (a new tooth) grow through the gums.
7.
a. To form or shape by severing or incising: a doll that was cut from paper.
b. To form or shape by grinding: cut a diamond.
8.
a. To form by penetrating, probing, or digging: cut a trench.
b. To exhibit the appearance or give the impression of: cuts a fine figure on the dance floor.
9.
a. To separate from a main body; detach: cut a limb from a tree.
b. To separate from a group: cut a calf from a herd.
c. To discharge from a group or number: had to cut six players from the team.
10. To pass through or across; cross: a sailboat cutting the water.
11. Games To divide (a deck of cards) into two parts, as in completing a shuffle or in exposing a card at random.
12. To reduce the size, extent, or duration of; curtail or shorten: cut a payroll; cut a budget; cut the cooking time in half.
13.
a. To remove or delete: cut a line from a poem.
b. Computers To remove (a segment) from a document or graphics file for storage in a buffer.
14. To lessen the strength of; dilute: cut whiskey with water.
15. To dissolve by breaking down the fat of: Soap cuts grease.
16. To injure the feelings of; hurt keenly.
17. To refuse to speak to or recognize; snub: cut me dead at the party.
18. To fail to attend purposely: cut a class.
19. Informal To cease; stop: cut the noise; cut an engine.
20. Sports
a. To strike (a ball) so that it spins in a reverse direction.
b. To throw or hit (a ball) on a curving trajectory.
21.
a. To perform: cut a caper.
b. To make out and issue: cut a check to cover travel expenses.
22. To arrange or reach (an agreement).
23. Slang To be able to manage; handle successfully: couldn't cut the long hours anymore.
24. To stop filming (a movie scene).
25.
a. To record a performance on (a phonograph record or other medium).
b. To make a recording of (a song, for example).
26. To edit (a movie or audio recording).
27. Vulgar Slang To expel (a discharge of intestinal gas).
28. To injure (oneself) by penetrating the skin with a sharp object.
v.intr.
1. To make an incision or a separation: Cut along the dotted line.
2. To allow incision or severing: Butter cuts easily.
3. To function as a sharp-edged instrument.
4.
a. To remove part of something, such as a text or film.
b. Computers To remove a part of a document or graphics file and store it in a buffer.
5. To grow through the gums. Used of teeth.
6. To injure someone's feelings: a remark that cut without mercy.
7. To change direction abruptly: Cut to the left at the next intersection.
8. To go directly and often hastily: cut across a field.
9. Games To divide a pack of cards into two parts, especially in order to make a chance decision or selection.
10. To make an abrupt transition to another segment of film, video, or audio: cut from one shot to another.
11. To be very astute and penetrating: an analysis that cuts deep.
12. To inflict self-injury by penetrating the skin with a sharp object.
n.
1. The act of cutting.
2. The result of cutting, especially an opening or wound made by a sharp edge.
3. A part that has been cut from a main body: a cut of beef; a cut of cloth.
4. A passage made by digging or probing.
5. The elimination or removal of a part: a cut in a speech.
6. A reduction: a cut in salary.
7. Sports The remainder of contestants in a competition, especially in golf, after some have been eliminated: did very well but still missed the cut.
8. The style in which a garment is cut: a suit of traditional cut.
9. A haircut.
10. Informal A portion of profits or earnings; a share.
11. A wounding remark; an insult.
12. An unexcused absence, as from school or a class.
13. A step in a scale of value or quality; degree: a cut above the average.
14. Printing
a. An engraved block or plate.
b. A print made from such a block.
15. Sports
a. A stroke that causes a ball to spin in a reverse direction.
b. A curve in the trajectory of a ball or puck.
16. Baseball A swing of a bat.
17. Games The act of dividing a deck of cards into two parts, as before dealing.
18. One of the objects used in drawing lots.
19. A transition between segments of film, video, or audio.
20. A movie at a given stage in its editing: approved the final cut for distribution.
21. A single selection of music from a recording, especially a phonograph recording.
adj.
1. Having the ends or edges cut: admired his newly cut hair.
2. Having been cut or clipped off: cut grass that blew in the wind.
3. Printing Having the page edge slit or trimmed. Used of a book.
4. Ground to a specific shape: cut gemstones.
5. Slang Circumcised. Used of a man or boy.
Phrasal Verbs:
cut back
1. To shorten by cutting; prune.
2. To reduce or decrease: cut back production.
cut down
1. To kill or strike down.
2. To alter by removing extra or additional fittings: cut down a car for racing.
3. To reduce the amount taken or used: cutting down on one's intake of rich foods.
cut in
1. To move into a line of people or things out of turn.
2. To interrupt: During the debate my opponent kept cutting in.
3. To interrupt a dancing couple in order to dance with one of them.
4. To connect or become connected into an electrical circuit.
5. To mix in with or as if with cutting motions: Measure out the flour and use a pair of knives to cut the shortening in.
6. To include, especially among those profiting.
cut off
1. To separate from others; isolate.
2. To stop suddenly; discontinue.
3. To shut off; bar.
4. To interrupt the course or passage of: The infielder cut off the throw to the plate.
5. To interrupt or break the line of communication of: The telephone operator cut us off.
6. To disinherit: cut their heirs off without a cent.
cut out
1. To remove by or as if by cutting.
2. To form or shape by or as if by cutting.
3. To take the place of; supplant.
4. To suit or fit by nature: I'm not cut out to be a hero.
5. To assign beforehand or by necessity; predetermine: We've got our work cut out for us.
6. To deprive: felt cut out of all the fun.
7. To stop; cease.
8. Informal To depart hastily.
9. Chiefly Southern US To turn off (a light or television set).
cut up Informal
1. To behave in a playful, comic, or boisterous way; clown.
2. To criticize severely.
Idioms:
a cut above
One that is superior to another or others.
cut a fat hog Texas
To take on more than one is able to accomplish: "Boy, has he cut a fat hog, as they say down home" (Hughes Rudd).
cut and run
To leave an unsettled situation or abandon a risky enterprise.
cut a wide swath
To make a big display; draw much attention.
cut bait
To abandon an activity or enterprise.
cut both ways
To have both favorable and unfavorable results or implications.
cut corners
To do something in the easiest or most inexpensive way.
cut from the same cloth
Similar or the same.
cut it Informal
To perform up to expectations or a required standard; be acceptable.
cut loose
To speak or act without restraint: cut loose with a string of curses.
cut no ice
To make no effect or impression: an objection that cut no ice with management.
cut off (one's) nose to spite (one's) face
To injure oneself in taking revenge against another.
cut (one's) losses
To withdraw from a losing situation.
cut (one's) teeth on
To learn or do as a beginner or at the start of one's career.
cut short
To stop before the end; abbreviate.
cut (someone) down to size
To deflate the self-importance of (someone).
cut the cheese Vulgar Slang
To expel intestinal gas.
cut the mustard
To perform up to expectations or to a required standard.
cut to the chase
To get to the matter at hand.

[Middle English cutten.]

cut′ta·ble adj.

cut down

vb (adverb)
1. (tr) to fell
2. (when: intr, often foll by on) to reduce or make a reduction (in): to cut down on drink.
3. (Knitting & Sewing) (tr) to remake (an old garment) in order to make a smaller one
4. (tr) to kill: he was cut down in battle.
5. cut a person down to size to reduce in importance or decrease the conceit of
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.cut down - cut down oncut down - cut down on; make a reduction in; "reduce your daily fat intake"; "The employer wants to cut back health benefits"
shorten - make shorter than originally intended; reduce or retrench in length or duration; "He shortened his trip due to illness"
spill - reduce the pressure of wind on (a sail)
quench - reduce the degree of (luminescence or phosphorescence) in (excited molecules or a material) by adding a suitable substance
cut - have a reducing effect; "This cuts into my earnings"
retrench - make a reduction, as in one's workforce; "The company had to retrench"
slash - cut drastically; "Prices were slashed"
thin out - make sparse; "thin out the young plants"
thin - make thin or thinner; "Thin the solution"
minify, decrease, lessen - make smaller; "He decreased his staff"
detract, take away - take away a part from; diminish; "His bad manners detract from his good character"
deflate - reduce or cut back the amount or availability of, creating a decline in value or prices; "deflate the currency"
inflate - increase the amount or availability of, creating a rise in value; "inflate the currency"
downsize - reduce in size or number; "the company downsized its research staff"
subtract - take off or away; "this prefix was subtracted when the word was borrowed from French"
knock off, shave - cut the price of
2.cut down - cut with sweeping strokes; as with an ax or machete
cut - separate with or as if with an instrument; "Cut the rope"
3.cut down - cause to come or go down; "The policeman downed the heavily armed suspect"; "The mugger knocked down the old lady after she refused to hand over her wallet"
submarine - bring down with a blow to the legs
strike - deliver a sharp blow, as with the hand, fist, or weapon; "The teacher struck the child"; "the opponent refused to strike"; "The boxer struck the attacker dead"
4.cut down - intercept (a player)
baseball, baseball game - a ball game played with a bat and ball between two teams of nine players; teams take turns at bat trying to score runs; "he played baseball in high school"; "there was a baseball game on every empty lot"; "there was a desire for National League ball in the area"; "play ball!"
hold back, arrest, turn back, contain, stop, check - hold back, as of a danger or an enemy; check the expansion or influence of; "Arrest the downward trend"; "Check the growth of communism in South East Asia"; "Contain the rebel movement"; "Turn back the tide of communism"
5.cut down - cut with a blade or mower; "mow the grass"
scythe - cut with a scythe; "scythe grass or grain"
cut - separate with or as if with an instrument; "Cut the rope"
6.cut down - cause to fall by or as if by delivering a blowcut down - cause to fall by or as if by delivering a blow; "strike down a tree"; "Lightning struck down the hikers"
chop down - cut down; "George chopped down the cherry tree"
poleax, poleaxe - fell with or as if with a poleax
log, lumber - cut lumber, as in woods and forests
cut - fell by sawing; hew; "The Vietnamese cut a lot of timber while they occupied Cambodia"
cut - separate with or as if with an instrument; "Cut the rope"

cut

verb
1. To penetrate with a sharp edge:
2. To separate into parts with or as if with a sharp-edged instrument:
3. To bring down, as with a saw or ax.Also used with down:
4. To turn aside sharply from a straight course:
Nautical: yaw.
5. To decrease, as in length or amount, by or as if by severing or excising:
6. To lessen the strength of by or as if by admixture:
7. To slight (someone) deliberately:
Informal: coldshoulder.
Idioms: close the door on, give someone the cold shoulder, give someone the go-by, turn one's back on.
8. To fail to attend on purpose:
Informal: skip.
phrasal verb
cut across
To pass through or over:
phrasal verb
cut back
To decrease, as in length or amount, by or as if by severing or excising:
phrasal verb
cut down
1. To cause the death of:
Slang: waste, zap.
2. To cause to fall, as from a shot or blow:
Slang: deck.
Idiom: lay low.
3. To decrease, as in length or amount, by or as if by severing or excising:
phrasal verb
cut in
1. To force or come in as an improper or unwanted element:
2. To interject remarks or questions into another's discourse:
phrasal verb
cut off
1. To set apart from a group:
2. To cause the death of:
Slang: waste, zap.
3. To block the progress of and force to change direction:
phrasal verb
cut out
1. To take the place of (another) against the other's will:
2. To desist from, cease, or discontinue (a habit, for example):
Slang: kick.
3. Informal. To move or proceed away from a place:
Informal: push off, shove off.
Slang: blow, split, take off.
phrasal verb
cut up
1. Informal. To behave in a rowdy, improper, or unruly fashion:
Informal: horse around.
2. Informal. To find fault with:
Informal: pan.
Slang: knock.
noun
1. The result of cutting:
2. A part severed from a whole:
4. Informal. That which is allotted:
Slang: divvy.
5. A deliberate slight:
Informal: cold shoulder, go-by.
6. An unexcused absence:
Informal: hooky.
Translations
يُخَفِّضيَقْطَعيُنَقِّصُ
omezitomezit sepokácetporazit
fældereducereskære ned
vähentää
smanjiti
fellaminnka, draga úr
伐り倒す
삭감하다
fälla
ลดลง, ตัดลงมา
cắt giảm

cut

(kat) present participle ˈcutting: past tense past participle cut verb
1. to make an opening in, usually with something with a sharp edge. He cut the paper with a pair of scissors.
2. to separate or divide by cutting. She cut a slice of bread; The child cut out the pictures; She cut up the meat into small pieces.
3. to make by cutting. She cut a hole in the cloth.
4. to shorten by cutting; to trim. to cut hair; I'll cut the grass.
5. to reduce. They cut my wages by ten per cent.
6. to remove. They cut several passages from the film.
7. to wound or hurt by breaking the skin (of). I cut my hand on a piece of glass.
8. to divide (a pack of cards).
9. to stop. When the actress said the wrong words, the director ordered `Cut!'
10. to take a short route or way. He cut through/across the park on his way to the office; A van cut in in front of me on the motorway.
11. to meet and cross (a line or geometrical figure). An axis cuts a circle in two places.
12. to stay away from (a class, lecture etc). He cut school and went to the cinema.
13. (also cut dead) to ignore completely. She cut me dead in the High Street.
noun
1. the result of an act of cutting. a cut on the head; a power-cut (= stoppage of electrical power); a haircut; a cut in prices.
2. the way in which something is tailored, fashioned etc. the cut of the jacket.
3. a piece of meat cut from an animal. a cut of beef.
ˈcutter noun
1. a person or thing that cuts. a wood-cutter; a glass-cutter.
2. a type of small sailing ship.
ˈcutting noun
1. a piece of plant cut off and replanted to form another plant.
2. an article cut out from a newspaper etc. She collects cuttings about the Royal Family.
3. a trench dug through a hillside etc, in which a railway, road etc is built.
adjective
insulting or offending. a cutting remark.
cut glass
glass with ornamental patterns cut on the surface, used for drinking glasses etc.
ˈcut-price
cheaper than normal. cut-price goods; a cut-price store.
ˈcut-throat noun
a murderer.
adjective
fierce; ruthless. cut-throat business competition.
a cut above
(obviously) better than. He's a cut above the average engineer.
cut and dried
fixed and definite. cut-and-dried opinions.
cut back to reduce considerably: The government cut back (on) public spending (noun ˈcutback)
cut both ways
to affect both parts of a question, both people involved, good and bad points etc. That argument cuts both ways!
cut a dash
to have a smart or striking appearance. He cuts a dash in his purple suit.
cut down
1. to cause to fall by cutting. He has cut down the apple tree.
2. to reduce (an amount taken etc). I haven't given up smoking but I'm cutting down.
cut in
to interrupt. She cut in with a remark.
cut it fine
to allow barely enough time, money etc for something that must be done.
cut no ice
to have no effect. This sort of flattery cuts no ice with me.
cut off
1. to interrupt or break a telephone connection. I was cut off in the middle of the telephone call.
2. to separate. They were cut off from the rest of the army.
3. to stop or prevent delivery of. They've cut off our supplies of coal.
cut one's losses
to decide to spend no more money, effort etc on something which is proving unprofitable.
cut one's teeth
to grow one's first teeth. The baby's cutting his first tooth.
cut out
1. to stop working, sometimes because of a safety device. The engines cut out (noun ˈcut-out).
2. to stop. I've cut out smoking.
cut short
1. to make shorter than intended. He cut short his holiday to deal with the crisis.
2. to cause (someone) to stop talking by interrupting them. I tried to apologize but he cut me short.

cut down

يُنَقِّصُ omezit se skære ned fällen ελαττώνω recortar, reducir vähentää réduire smanjiti ridurre 伐り倒す 삭감하다 minderen hugge ned ściąć reduzir сокращать fälla ลดลง, ตัดลงมา kesmek cắt giảm 削减
References in classic literature ?
If it be cut down within half a foot of the ground and several incisions made in the stump, each will put out a new sprout, which, if transplanted, will take root and grow to a tree.
I cut down the leaf with my knife and--out you popped.
The usher hastened on his errand, but was only just in time, for the tailor was positively swinging in the air, when his voice fell upon the silence of the crowd, commanding the hangman to cut down the body.
There have been two or three fine old trees cut down, that grew too near the house, and it opens the prospect amazingly, which makes me think that Repton, or anybody of that sort, would certainly have the avenue at Sotherton down: the avenue that leads from the west front to the top of the hill, you know," turning to Miss Bertram particularly as he spoke.
That was his opportunity, surely; but he never cut down the trees.
So he took his axe to the forest, and selected some stout, straight saplings, which he cut down and trimmed of all their twigs and leaves.
They had scarcely cut down trees enough to make room for their own dwellings before they began to think of establishing a college.
Two more of Number Thirteen's creatures had been cut down in the prahu, but the loss among the Dyaks had been infinitely greater, and to it was now added the desertions of the terror stricken savages who seemed to fear the frightful countenances of their adversaries even as much as they did their prowess.
and towards Christmas he was one of the first that was cut down.
Are we not all cut down like the grass of the field, and was not I shorn by the scythe many years ago: since when I have been lying here, waiting to be gathered into the barn?
And the bushes about the river had been cut down, and the river itself, not visible before, now gleaming like steel in its bends, and the moving, ascending peasants, and the sharp wall of grass of the unmown part of the meadow, and the hawks hovering over the stripped meadow--all was perfectly new.
I saw many brave men cut down, many fall mortally wounded from their saddles.