graft

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graft1

graft 1

 (grăft)
v. graft·ed, graft·ing, grafts
v.tr.
1.
a. To unite (a shoot or bud) with a growing plant by insertion or by placing in close contact.
b. To join (a plant or plants) by such union.
2. To transplant or implant (living tissue, for example) surgically into a bodily part to replace a damaged part or compensate for a defect.
3. To join or unite closely: graft new customs onto old.
v.intr.
1. To make a graft.
2. To be or become joined.
n.
1.
a. A detached shoot or bud united or to be united with a growing plant.
b. The union or point of union of a detached shoot or bud with a growing plant by insertion or attachment.
c. A plant produced by such union.
2.
a. Material, especially living tissue or an organ, surgically attached to or inserted into a bodily part to replace a damaged part or compensate for a defect.
b. The procedure of implanting or transplanting such material.
c. The configuration or condition resulting from such a procedure.

[Middle English graften, alteration of graffen, probably from Old French grafier, from graffe, stylus, graft (from its shape), from Latin graphium, stylus; see graffito. N., Middle English grafte, alteration of graffe, from Old French.]

graft′er n.

graft 2

 (grăft)
n.
1. Deceitful or fraudulent use of one's position, especially in public office, to obtain personal profits or advantages.
2. Money or advantage obtained by such means.
intr.v. graft·ed, graft·ing, grafts
To gain money or advantage through deceit or fraud.

[Origin unknown.]

graft′er n.

graft

(ɡrɑːft)
n
1. (Horticulture) horticulture
a. a piece of plant tissue (the scion), normally a stem, that is made to unite with an established plant (the stock), which supports and nourishes it
b. the plant resulting from the union of scion and stock
c. the point of union between the scion and the stock
2. (Surgery) surgery a piece of tissue or an organ transplanted from a donor or from the patient's own body to an area of the body in need of the tissue
3. the act of joining one thing to another by or as if by grafting
vb
4. (Horticulture) horticulture
a. to induce (a plant or part of a plant) to unite with another part or (of a plant or part of a plant) to unite in this way
b. to produce (fruit, flowers, etc) by this means or (of fruit, flowers, etc) to grow by this means
5. (Surgery) to transplant (tissue) or (of tissue) to be transplanted
6. to attach or incorporate or become attached or incorporated: to graft a happy ending onto a sad tale.
[C15: from Old French graffe, from Medieval Latin graphium, from Latin: stylus, from Greek grapheion, from graphein to write]
ˈgrafter n
ˈgrafting n

graft

(ɡrɑːft)
n
1. work (esp in the phrase hard graft)
2.
a. the acquisition of money, power, etc, by dishonest or unfair means, esp by taking advantage of a position of trust
b. something gained in this way, such as profit from government business
c. a payment made to a person profiting by such a practice
vb
3. (intr) to work
4. to acquire by or practise graft
[C19: of uncertain origin]
ˈgrafter n

graft1

(græft, grɑft)

n.
1.
a. a bud, shoot, or scion of a plant inserted in a groove, slit, or the like in a stem or trunk of another plant in which it continues to grow.
b. the plant resulting from such an operation.
c. the place where the scion is inserted
2. a portion of living tissue surgically transplanted from one part of an individual to another, or from one individual to another, for its adhesion and growth.
3. an act of grafting.
v.t.
4. to insert (a graft) into a tree or other plant; insert a scion of (one plant) into another plant.
5. to cause (a plant) to reproduce through grafting.
6. to transplant (a portion of living tissue, as of skin or bone) as a graft.
7. to attach as if by grafting.
v.i.
8. to insert scions from one plant into another.
9. to become grafted.
[1350–1400; < Old French graffe, greffe < Late Latin graphium hunting knife (Latin: stylus) < Greek grapheîon, derivative of gráphein to write; so called from the resemblance of the point of a (cleft) graft to a stylus]
graft′er, n.

graft2

(græft, grɑft)

n.
1. the acquisition of money or advantage by dishonest or unfair means, esp. through the abuse of one's position or influence, as in politics.
2. the gain or advantage acquired.
v.t.
3. to obtain by graft.
v.i.
4. to practice graft.
[1860–65, Amer.; perhaps identical with graft1]
graft′er, n.

graft

(grăft)
Noun
1. A shoot or bud of one plant that is inserted into or joined to the stem, branch, or root of another plant so that the two grow together as a single plant. Grafts are used to strengthen or repair plants, create dwarf trees, produce seedless fruit, and increase fruit yields without requiring plants to mature from seeds.
2. A transplant of body tissue, especially skin or bone, from one part to another.
Verb
1. To join a graft to another plant.
2. To transplant tissue from one part of the body to another.

graft

, splice - A graft is one thing attached to another by insertion or implantation so it becomes part of it; a splice is the joining of two things end-to-end to make a new whole.
See also related terms for insertion.

Graft

 of tree surgeons—Lipton, 1970.

Graft

 

(See also BRIBERY, EXTORTION.)

feather one’s nest See EXPLOITATION.

line one’s pockets To profit, especially at the expense of others; to receive money or other favors through bribery, blackmail, or graft. This expression reputedly stems from the English tailor who, hoping to become the clothes designer for the famous fashion plate, Beau Brummel (1778-1840), sent him an ornate coat, the pockets of which were lined with money. Although Beau sent a letter of thanks and added that he especially admired the lining, it is not known whether the tailor received any more of his business.

a piece of the pie See ALLOCATION.

pork barrel Legislation providing federal funding for local projects designed to put congressmen in the good graces of their constituents. Thus, the pork barrel is, metaphorically speaking, the federal treasury viewed as a source of monies for “pet” local projects. The connection between this figurative, political sense of pork barrel and the literal keg is not clear, although it may derive from pork considered as fat, a slang term for excess wealth, riches. Use of this U.S. slang expression is restricted to politics and dates from the early part of this century.

The River and Harbor bill is the pork barrel par excellence, and the rivers and harbors are manipulated by Federal machinery and not by State machinery. (The New York Evening Post, May, 1916)

shoe one’s mule To embezzle; to misuse or steal money entrusted to one’s care and management. Some unscrupulous blacksmiths and grooms reputedly once engaged in the fraudulent practice of charging a horse (or mule) owner for shoeing the steed, and then either kept the money without performing the promised work, or used the money to buy shoes for their own animals.

He had the keeping and disposal of all the moneys, and yet shod not his mule at all. (Sorel’s Comical History of Francion, 1655)

A variation is shoe one’s horse.

graft


Past participle: grafted
Gerund: grafting

Imperative
graft
graft
Present
I graft
you graft
he/she/it grafts
we graft
you graft
they graft
Preterite
I grafted
you grafted
he/she/it grafted
we grafted
you grafted
they grafted
Present Continuous
I am grafting
you are grafting
he/she/it is grafting
we are grafting
you are grafting
they are grafting
Present Perfect
I have grafted
you have grafted
he/she/it has grafted
we have grafted
you have grafted
they have grafted
Past Continuous
I was grafting
you were grafting
he/she/it was grafting
we were grafting
you were grafting
they were grafting
Past Perfect
I had grafted
you had grafted
he/she/it had grafted
we had grafted
you had grafted
they had grafted
Future
I will graft
you will graft
he/she/it will graft
we will graft
you will graft
they will graft
Future Perfect
I will have grafted
you will have grafted
he/she/it will have grafted
we will have grafted
you will have grafted
they will have grafted
Future Continuous
I will be grafting
you will be grafting
he/she/it will be grafting
we will be grafting
you will be grafting
they will be grafting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been grafting
you have been grafting
he/she/it has been grafting
we have been grafting
you have been grafting
they have been grafting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been grafting
you will have been grafting
he/she/it will have been grafting
we will have been grafting
you will have been grafting
they will have been grafting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been grafting
you had been grafting
he/she/it had been grafting
we had been grafting
you had been grafting
they had been grafting
Conditional
I would graft
you would graft
he/she/it would graft
we would graft
you would graft
they would graft
Past Conditional
I would have grafted
you would have grafted
he/she/it would have grafted
we would have grafted
you would have grafted
they would have grafted

graft


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1. A surgical method of taking some material (such as skin or bone) from somewhere and adhering it somewhere else in order to repair or help regenerate damaged tissue. See autograft, homograft.
2. A propagation method which joins the top-growth of one plant (scion) to the root system of another (rootstock) to form a single plant.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.graft - (surgery) tissue or organ transplanted from a donor to a recipientgraft - (surgery) tissue or organ transplanted from a donor to a recipient; in some cases the patient can be both donor and recipient
animal tissue - the tissue in the bodies of animals
autograft, autoplasty - tissue that is taken from one site and grafted to another site on the same person; "skin from his thigh replaced the burned skin on his arms"
allograft, homograft - tissue or organ transplanted from a donor of the same species but different genetic makeup; recipient's immune system must be suppressed to prevent rejection of the graft
heterograft, xenograft - tissue from an animal of one species used as a temporary graft (as in cases of severe burns) on an individual of another species
surgery - the branch of medical science that treats disease or injury by operative procedures; "he is professor of surgery at the Harvard Medical School"
2.graft - the practice of offering something (usually money) in order to gain an illicit advantagegraft - the practice of offering something (usually money) in order to gain an illicit advantage
felony - a serious crime (such as murder or arson)
barratry - the crime of a judge whose judgment is influenced by bribery
commercial bribery - bribery of a purchasing agent in order to induce the agent to enter into a transaction
3.graft - the act of grafting something onto something else
affixation, attachment - the act of attaching or affixing something
Verb1.graft - cause to grow together parts from different plants; "graft the cherry tree branch onto the plum tree"
conjoin, join - make contact or come together; "The two roads join here"
2.graft - place the organ of a donor into the body of a recipient
infix, insert, introduce, enter - put or introduce into something; "insert a picture into the text"

graft

noun
1. transplant, implant I am having a skin graft on my arm soon.
2. shoot, bud, implant, sprout, splice, scion These plants are propagated by grafts, buds or cuttings.
3. (Informal) labour, work, industry, effort, struggle, sweat, toil, slog, exertion, travail, blood, sweat, and tears (informal) His career has been one of hard graft.
verb
1. transplant, implant The top layer of skin has to be grafted onto the burns.
2. join, insert, transplant, implant, splice, affix Pear trees are grafted on quince root-stocks.
3. work, labour, struggle, sweat (informal), grind (informal), slave, strive, toil, drudge I really don't enjoy grafting away in a stuffy office all day.

graft

noun
Money, property, or a favor given, offered, or promised to a person or accepted by a person in a position of trust as an inducement to dishonest behavior:
Informal: payoff.
Slang: boodle.
Translations
إبْتِزاز، كَسْب غَيْر مَشْروعرُقْعَهطَعْم، تَطْعيمعَمَل شاق
dřinakorupceroubtransplantáttransplantovat
bedragerihårdt arbejdekorruptionslidtransplantat
huijausliittäämädännäisyysraataminensiirrännäinen
ágræîsluskinnerfiîigræîamisferli, spilling
cītīgs/neatlaidīgs darbskukuļņemšanatransplantācijatransplantēt
korupcia
aşılamakbüyük uğraşıçok çalışmarüşvetrüşvet alma

graft

1 [grɑːft] (Bot, Med)
A. Ninjerto m
B. VTinjertar (in, into, on to en)

graft

2 [grɑːft]
A. N
1. (US) (= corruption) → soborno m, coima f (Andes, S. Cone), mordida f (CAm, Mex)
2. (Brit) hard grafttrabajo m muy duro
B. VI
1. (Brit) (= work) → currar
2. (= swindle) → trampear

graft

[ˈgrɑːft ˈgræft]
n
[skin, bone] → greffe f skin graft
[tree] → greffe f
(= work) hard graft → boulot m acharné
vt
[+ skin, bone] → greffer
to graft sth onto sth [+ skin, bone] → greffer qch sur qch; [+ plant, tree] → greffer qch sur qch

graft

n
(Bot) → (Pfropf)reis nt; (Med) → Transplantat nt
(esp US inf: = corruption) → Mauschelei f (inf), → Schiebung f
(Brit inf: = hard work) → Schufterei f (inf), → Plackerei f (inf)
vt (Bot) → (auf)pfropfen (→ on auf +acc), → (ein)pfropfen (→ in in +acc); (Med) → übertragen (→ on auf +acc), → einpflanzen (→ in in +acc); (fig: = incorporate) → einbauen (→ onto in +acc); (artificially) → aufpfropfen (→ onto +dat)
vi (inf: = work hard) → schuften (→ at an +dat) (inf)

graft

[grɑːft]
1. n
a. (Bot, Med) → innesto
skin graft → innesto di pelle
kidney graft → trapianto del rene
b. (fam) (corruption) → corruzione f; (hard work) → duro lavoro
2. vtinnestare

graft1

(graːft) verb
to fix (skin, bone etc) from one part of the body on to or into another part of the body. The doctor treated her burns by grafting skin from her leg on to her back.
noun
a piece of skin, bone etc which is grafted. a skin graft.

graft2

(graːft) noun
1. dishonesty in obtaining profit or good position.
2. hard work.

graft

n. injerto, tejido u órgano usado en un trasplante o implante;
vt. injertar.

graft

n injerto; bone — injerto óseo or de hueso; coronary artery bypass — (CABG) injerto de derivación arterial coronaria (IDAC); skin — injerto cutáneo or de la piel; vt injertar, implantar un injerto