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top: surface view of cycloid scales of a bony fish
bottom: The parametric equations of this cycloid are
x = r(θ - sin θ),
y = r(1 - cos θ).
click for a larger image


1. Resembling a circle.
2. Zoology
a. Relating to or being a kind of fish scale that is thin, rounded, and smooth-edged and often shows concentric growth rings.
b. Having cycloid scales.
3. Psychology Afflicted with or relating to cyclothymia.
n. Mathematics
The curve traced by a point on the circumference of a circle that rolls on a straight line.

[French cycloïde, from Greek kukloeidēs, circular : kuklos, circle; see kwel- in Indo-European roots + -oeidēs, -oid.]

cy·cloi′dal (-kloid′l) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.cycloidal - resembling a circle
rounded - curving and somewhat round in shape rather than jagged; "low rounded hills"; "rounded shoulders"