Cyclospora cayetanensis is an emerging parasitic pathogen responsible for numerous foodborne outbreaks of cyclosporiasis
in North America, primarily associated with imported fresh produce from cyclosporiasis
-endemic areas (1).
PHO staff working in the communicable diseases area selected seven diseases for development of customized aberrant event detection algorithms: cyclosporiasis
, giardiasis, influenza A, influenza B, mumps, pertussis and invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD).
During June-August 2013, CDC, state and local public health officials, and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) investigated an unusually large number of reports of cyclosporiasis
(compared with annual reports to the National Notifiable Disease Surveillance System [e.
The investigation of increased cases of cyclosporiasis
in other states continues.
Bern C, Ortega YR, Checkley W, Roberts JM, Lescano AC, Cabrera L, Verastegui M, Black RE, Sterling C, Gilman RH (2002) Epidemiologic differences between cyclosporiasis
and cryptosporidiosis in Peruvian children.
Besides the California spinach incident, other recent cases of widespread accidental illness have included an outbreak of hepatitis A virus caused by imported raw green onions in 2003 and cyclosporiasis
from imported produce in the mid-1990s.
Contaminated fresh basil was the cause of nearly 300 recent cases of cyclosporiasis
in Florida, according to the Food and Drug Administration.
In his article on food-borne diseases, David Waltner-Toews shows how globalization of the food system has created new pathways for exotic diseases such as cyclosporiasis
, malaria and mad cow disease.
Outbreaks of cyclosporiasis
in the United States in 1996 and 1997 are evidence of the increasing incidence of this disease.
In July, health departments in Virginia and the District of Columbia received reports of cyclosporiasis
from food service at as many as 45 different picnics or other social events during June and July.
cannot be distinguished from cryptosporidiosis or isosporiasis.
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued a warning Monday about cyclosporiasis
following a sudden increase in the number of cases of the food-borne parasitic infection this summer.