cyclotron


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Related to cyclotron: particle accelerator, synchrotron, Cyclotron frequency, Cyclotron radiation
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cyclotron

cy·clo·tron

 (sī′klə-trŏn′)
n.
A circular particle accelerator in which charged subatomic particles generated at a central source are accelerated spirally outward in a plane perpendicular to a fixed magnetic field by an alternating electric field. A cyclotron is capable of generating particle energies between a few million and several tens of millions of electron volts.

cyclotron

(ˈsaɪkləˌtrɒn)
n
(Atomic Physics) a type of particle accelerator in which the particles spiral inside two D-shaped hollow metal electrodes placed facing each other under the effect of a strong vertical magnetic field, gaining energy by a high-frequency voltage applied between these electrodes

cy•clo•tron

(ˈsaɪ kləˌtrɒn, ˈsɪk lə-)

n.
an accelerator in which particles move in spiral paths in a magnetic field.
[1930–35; cyclo- + -tron]
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cyclotron
An alternating electric field attracts the particles from one side of the cyclotron to the other. The cyclotron's magnetic field, generated by the two electromagnets, bends each particle's path into a horizontal spiral, forcing it to accelerate in order to keep up with the alternating electric field. When the particle reaches its peak acceleration it is released to collide with the desired target.

cy·clo·tron

(sī′klə-trŏn′)
A device that accelerates charged subatomic particles, such as protons and electrons, in an outwardly spiraling path, greatly increasing their energies. Cyclotrons are used to bring about high-speed particle collisions in order to study subatomic structures. Compare linear accelerator.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cyclotron - an accelerator that imparts energies of several million electron-volts to rapidly moving particles
atom smasher, particle accelerator, accelerator - a scientific instrument that increases the kinetic energy of charged particles
bevatron - a cyclotron that accelerates protons up to several billion electron volts
synchrocyclotron - cyclotron that achieves relativistic velocities by modulating the frequency of the accelerating electric field
synchrotron - cyclotron in which the electric field is maintained at a constant frequency
Translations
cyklotron

cyclotron

[ˈsaɪklətrɒn] Nciclotrón m

cyclotron

[ˈsaɪkləˌtrɒn] nciclotrone m
References in periodicals archive ?
The PETtrace* 600 cyclotron will have approximately 50 percent smaller footprint than a traditional cyclotron, enabling siting in settings never before possible.
Contract notice: Mission of project management assistance for the implementation of the cyclotron project antilles-guyane in martinique.
In a Harvard University laboratory, physicists have devised an extraordinarily small, low-energy cyclotron in which a single orbiting electron vividly demonstrates that predicted quantum behavior.
The cyclotron is the core piece of equipment used in proton therapy, an alternative to standard Xray radiation for the treatment of cancer.
Parfet, Jack Hoppin, PhD, Co-Founder, and Managing Partner of inviCRO, and Marc Berridge, PhD, President, and Founder of 3D Imaging today announced the arrival of one of the most vital components for the operation of the new Translational Imaging Center: the cyclotron.
The LHD operational regime has been extended by increasing the heating capability to 23 MW of neutral beam injection (NBI), 3 MW of ion cyclotron resonance frequency (ICRF) heating, and 2.
he figured out how to use his university's cyclotron accelerator to generate some of the radionuclides needed.
Tenders are invited for Providing Service Support To Carry Out Regular Operation Of Air Blower System, RF System And Hydraulic System Of Cyclotron At VECC.
4, 2013 /PRNewswire/ -- Zevacor Molecular, an independently owned healthcare firm that manufactures and distributes PET and SPECT radiopharmaceuticals, has purchased the first 70 MeV Cyclotron dedicated to medical use in the United States from Ion Beam Applications, S.
A number of new capabilities were added to JET during the shutdown, including an ITER-like Ion Cyclotron Resonance Heating (ICRH) system antenna.
Reporting In the March 23 Physical Review Letters, one group working at the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory at Michigan State University in East Lansing and another group running experiments at three different laboratories obtained a value of 59.