cyclotron


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cyclotron

cy·clo·tron

 (sī′klə-trŏn′)
n.
A circular particle accelerator in which charged subatomic particles generated at a central source are accelerated spirally outward in a plane perpendicular to a fixed magnetic field by an alternating electric field. A cyclotron is capable of generating particle energies between a few million and several tens of millions of electron volts.

cyclotron

(ˈsaɪkləˌtrɒn)
n
(Atomic Physics) a type of particle accelerator in which the particles spiral inside two D-shaped hollow metal electrodes placed facing each other under the effect of a strong vertical magnetic field, gaining energy by a high-frequency voltage applied between these electrodes

cy•clo•tron

(ˈsaɪ kləˌtrɒn, ˈsɪk lə-)

n.
an accelerator in which particles move in spiral paths in a magnetic field.
[1930–35; cyclo- + -tron]
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cyclotron
An alternating electric field attracts the particles from one side of the cyclotron to the other. The cyclotron's magnetic field, generated by the two electromagnets, bends each particle's path into a horizontal spiral, forcing it to accelerate in order to keep up with the alternating electric field. When the particle reaches its peak acceleration it is released to collide with the desired target.

cy·clo·tron

(sī′klə-trŏn′)
A device that accelerates charged subatomic particles, such as protons and electrons, in an outwardly spiraling path, greatly increasing their energies. Cyclotrons are used to bring about high-speed particle collisions in order to study subatomic structures. Compare linear accelerator.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cyclotron - an accelerator that imparts energies of several million electron-volts to rapidly moving particles
atom smasher, particle accelerator, accelerator - a scientific instrument that increases the kinetic energy of charged particles
bevatron - a cyclotron that accelerates protons up to several billion electron volts
synchrocyclotron - cyclotron that achieves relativistic velocities by modulating the frequency of the accelerating electric field
synchrotron - cyclotron in which the electric field is maintained at a constant frequency
Translations
cyklotron

cyclotron

[ˈsaɪklətrɒn] Nciclotrón m

cyclotron

[ˈsaɪkləˌtrɒn] nciclotrone m
References in periodicals archive ?
After ruling out all other possibilities, they determined that the dip must be from a phenomenon called cyclotron resonance scattering, which occurs when charged particles either positively charged protons or negatively charged electrons circle around in a magnetic field.
The ultra-modern Positron Emission Tomography (PET) CT scanner and Cyclotron is currently being installed at the hospital's oncology unit ahead of its launch in March 2018.
Equipment to be purchased include the Cyclotron and PET CT-Scan, Linac CT-Stimulator, CT-Scan, MRI, hemodialysis, cryotherapy and colposcope are part of the DOH's Health Facilities Enhancement Program, according to a statement by DBM.
The installation of the 55-ton cyclotron ProteusONE solution, which will take a year to install, signals the final phase of the Rutherford Cancer Centre being built in Newport by Proton Partners International.
The new equipment will be used in biomarker exploration and to evaluate the effectiveness of new treatment protocols using isotopes produced at the research institute's cyclotron.
The first said that a suitable and sufficient assessment of the risks to employees, which identified the measures to be taken to restrict the exposure to ionising radiation, had not been carried out for work in the Cyclotron vault.
The first said a suitable and sufficient assessment of the risks to employees, which identified the measures to be taken to restrict the exposure to ionising radiation, had not been carried out for work in the Cyclotron vault.
He also elaborated on Iran's cyclotron accelerators, and said, "We have one cyclotron and plan to purchase another one too, but we are now working to build our own cyclotrons as well.
SearchYourCloud (SYC) said that Microsoft (NASDAQ: MSFT) cloud services provider Cyclotron, Inc.
Thomason remains a stakeholder in another expensive piece of equipment at UAMS through Arkansas Medical Cyclotron LLC.
The ITER Tokamak ultimately will rely on three external heating systems to bring the plasma up to full power: ion cyclotron heating, electron cyclotron heating and neutral beam heating.
Products from the cyclotron will become commercially available when the imaging center opens in May 2014.