cylinder


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cylinder
To calculate the volume of a right circular cylinder, multiply the area of the base by the altitude.

cyl·in·der

 (sĭl′ən-dər)
n.
1. Mathematics
a. The surface generated by a straight line intersecting and moving along a closed plane curve, the directrix, while remaining parallel to a fixed straight line that is not on or parallel to the plane of the directrix.
b. The portion of such a surface bounded by two parallel planes and the regions of the planes bounded by the surface.
c. A solid bounded by two parallel planes and such a surface, especially such a surface having a circle as its directrix.
2. A cylindrical container or object.
3. Engineering
a. The chamber in which a piston of a reciprocating engine moves.
b. The chamber of a pump from which fluid is expelled by a piston.
4. The rotating chamber of a revolver that holds the cartridges.
5. Any of several rotating parts in a printing press, especially one that carries the paper.
6. Archaeology A cylindrical stone or clay object with an engraved design or inscription.

[Latin cylindrus, from Greek kulindros, from kulindein, to roll.]

cylinder

(ˈsɪlɪndə)
n
1. (Mathematics) a solid consisting of two parallel planes bounded by identical closed curves, usually circles, that are interconnected at every point by a set of parallel lines, usually perpendicular to the planes. Volume base area × length
2. (Mathematics) a surface formed by a line moving round a closed plane curve at a fixed angle to it
3. any object shaped like a cylinder
4. (General Engineering) the chamber in a reciprocating internal-combustion engine, pump, or compressor within which the piston moves. See also cylinder block
5. (Firearms, Gunnery, Ordnance & Artillery) the rotating mechanism of a revolver, situated behind the barrel and containing cartridge chambers
6. (Printing, Lithography & Bookbinding) printing any of the rotating drums on a printing press
7. (Archaeology) Also called: cylinder seal a cylindrical seal of stone, clay, or precious stone decorated with linear designs, found in the Middle East and Balkans: dating from about 6000 bc
8. (Building) Also called: hot-water cylinder Brit a vertical cylindrical tank for storing hot water, esp an insulated one made of copper used in a domestic hot-water system
9. firing on all cylinders working or performing at full capability
vb
(Mechanical Engineering) (tr) to provide (a system) with cylinders
[C16: from Latin cylindrus, from Greek kulindros a roller, from kulindein to roll]
ˈcylinder-ˌlike adj

cyl•in•der

(ˈsɪl ɪn dər)

n.
1. a surface or solid bounded by two parallel planes and generated by a straight line moving parallel to the given planes and tracing a curve bounded by the planes and lying in a plane perpendicular or oblique to them.
2. any cylinderlike object or part, whether solid or hollow.
3. the rotating part of a revolver, containing the chambers for the cartridges.
4. a cylindrical chamber in a pump in which a piston slides to move or compress a fluid.
5. a cylindrical chamber in an engine in which the pressure of a gas or liquid moves a sliding piston.
6. (in printing presses)
a. a rotating cylinder that produces the impression and under which a flat form to be printed from passes.
b. either of two cylinders, one carrying a curved form or plate to be printed from, that rotate against each other in opposite directions.
7. a cylindrical device in a lock that retains the bolt until tumblers have been pushed out of its way.
8. a cylindrical or barrel-shaped stone or clay object with inscriptions or carvings, worn by the Babylonians, Assyrians, and kindred peoples as a seal or amulet.
v.t.
9. to furnish with a cylinder or cylinders.
10. to subject to the action of a cylinder.
[1560–70; < Latin cylindrus < Greek kýlindros roller, cylinder, akin to kylíndein to roll]
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cylinder
The volume (V) of a cylinder can be calculated using the following equation: V = πr2h.

cyl·in·der

(sĭl′ən-dər)
A three-dimensional surface or solid object bounded by a curved surface and two parallel circles of equal size at the ends. The curved surface is formed by all the line segments joining corresponding points of the two parallel circles.

cylinder


Past participle: cylindered
Gerund: cylindering

Imperative
cylinder
cylinder
Present
I cylinder
you cylinder
he/she/it cylinders
we cylinder
you cylinder
they cylinder
Preterite
I cylindered
you cylindered
he/she/it cylindered
we cylindered
you cylindered
they cylindered
Present Continuous
I am cylindering
you are cylindering
he/she/it is cylindering
we are cylindering
you are cylindering
they are cylindering
Present Perfect
I have cylindered
you have cylindered
he/she/it has cylindered
we have cylindered
you have cylindered
they have cylindered
Past Continuous
I was cylindering
you were cylindering
he/she/it was cylindering
we were cylindering
you were cylindering
they were cylindering
Past Perfect
I had cylindered
you had cylindered
he/she/it had cylindered
we had cylindered
you had cylindered
they had cylindered
Future
I will cylinder
you will cylinder
he/she/it will cylinder
we will cylinder
you will cylinder
they will cylinder
Future Perfect
I will have cylindered
you will have cylindered
he/she/it will have cylindered
we will have cylindered
you will have cylindered
they will have cylindered
Future Continuous
I will be cylindering
you will be cylindering
he/she/it will be cylindering
we will be cylindering
you will be cylindering
they will be cylindering
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been cylindering
you have been cylindering
he/she/it has been cylindering
we have been cylindering
you have been cylindering
they have been cylindering
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been cylindering
you will have been cylindering
he/she/it will have been cylindering
we will have been cylindering
you will have been cylindering
they will have been cylindering
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been cylindering
you had been cylindering
he/she/it had been cylindering
we had been cylindering
you had been cylindering
they had been cylindering
Conditional
I would cylinder
you would cylinder
he/she/it would cylinder
we would cylinder
you would cylinder
they would cylinder
Past Conditional
I would have cylindered
you would have cylindered
he/she/it would have cylindered
we would have cylindered
you would have cylindered
they would have cylindered
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cylinder - a solid bounded by a cylindrical surface and two parallel planes (the bases)
roll - anything rolled up in cylindrical form
roller - a cylinder that revolves
solid - a three-dimensional shape
2.cylinder - a surface generated by rotating a parallel line around a fixed line
brake drum, drum - a hollow cast-iron cylinder attached to the wheel that forms part of the brakes
shank - cylinder forming the part of a bit by which it is held in the drill
shank - cylinder forming the part of a bolt between the thread and the head
shank, stem - cylinder forming a long narrow part of something
stalactite - a cylinder of calcium carbonate hanging from the roof of a limestone cave
stalagmite - a cylinder of calcium carbonate projecting upward from the floor of a limestone cave
round shape - a shape that is curved and without sharp angles
barrel, drum - a bulging cylindrical shape; hollow with flat ends
pipe, tube - a hollow cylindrical shape
3.cylinder - a chamber within which piston moves
brake cylinder, hydraulic brake cylinder, master cylinder - a cylinder that contains brake fluid that is compressed by a piston
chamber - a natural or artificial enclosed space
compressor - a mechanical device that compresses gasses
cylinder block, engine block, block - a metal casting containing the cylinders and cooling ducts of an engine; "the engine had to be replaced because the block was cracked"
intake valve - a valve that controls the flow of fluid through an intake
pump - a mechanical device that moves fluid or gas by pressure or suction
4.cylinder - a cylindrical container for oxygen or compressed aircylinder - a cylindrical container for oxygen or compressed air
aqualung, Aqua-Lung, scuba - a device (trade name Aqua-Lung) that lets divers breathe under water; scuba is an acronym for self-contained underwater breathing apparatus
container - any object that can be used to hold things (especially a large metal boxlike object of standardized dimensions that can be loaded from one form of transport to another)
Translations
أُسْطُوَانةأسطوانَهسيلندر السيّارهوَعاء عَلى شَكْل أسطوانه
válecbomba
cylindertankbeholder
cilindro
lieriösylinteri
cilindar
henger
hólkur, hylkisílinder, strokkur; vals, valti, keflisívalningur
円筒
원통
cilindrascilindro formos
balonscilindrs
cilindercylinder
valjbomba
cylinder
ทรงกระบอก
hình trụ

cylinder

[ˈsɪlɪndəʳ]
A. N
1. (= shape) → cilindro m
2. (Tech) → cilindro m
a 6-cylinder engineun motor de 6 cilindros
to fire on all cylindersemplearse a fondo, dar el do de pecho
B. CPD cylinder block Nbloque m de cilindros
cylinder capacity Ncilindrada f
cylinder head Nculata f de cilindro
cylinder head gasket Njunta f de culata

cylinder

[ˈsɪlɪndər] n
(= shape) → cylindre m
(= container) [gas, oxygen] → bonbonne f
(in engine, machine)cylindre mcylinder block nbloc-cylindres mcylinder capacity ncylindrée fcylinder head nculasse fcylinder-head gasket njoint m de culassecylinder vacuum cleaner naspirateur-traîneau m

cylinder

n (Math, Aut) → Zylinder m; (of revolver, typewriter)Walze f; a four-cylinder carein Vierzylinder m, → ein vierzylindriges Auto; to be firing on all cylinders (lit)auf allen Zylindern laufen; (fig)in Fahrt sein; he’s only firing on two cylinders (fig)er bringt nicht seine volle Leistung

cylinder

:
cylinder block
n (Aut) → Zylinderblock m
cylinder capacity
n (Aut) → Hubraum m
cylinder head
n (Aut) → Zylinderkopf m
cylinder head gasket
n (Aut) → Zylinderkopfdichtung f

cylinder

[ˈsɪlɪndəʳ] ncilindro
a 6-cylinder engine → un motore a 6 cilindri
to fire on all four cylinders → avere tutti e quattro i cilindri in azione (fig) → andare a tutto gas

cylinder

(ˈsilində) noun
1. a solid shape or object with a circular base and top and straight sides.
2. any of several pieces of machinery of this shape, solid or hollow. The brake cylinder of his car is leaking.
3. a container in the shape of a cylinder. two cylinders of oxygen.
cyˈlindrical adjective
shaped like a cylinder. A beer-can is cylindrical.

cylinder

أُسْطُوَانة válec cylinder Zylinder κύλινδρος cilindro lieriö cylindre cilindar cilindro 円筒 원통 cilinder sylinder cylinder cilindro цилиндр cylinder ทรงกระบอก silindir hình trụ 圆筒容器

cyl·in·der

n. cilindro.
1. émbolo de una jeringa;
2. forma geométrica semejante a una columna.

cylinder

n cilindro
References in classic literature ?
Well, the opaque, outer coating is broken by the impact, exposing a glass cylinder, almost solid, in the forward end of which is a minute particle of radium powder.
I shall take this cylinder with me, and then I can complete my entry on Lucy's phonograph.
A stirring noise within its cylinder he ascribed to the unequal cooling of its surface; for at that time it had not occurred to him that it might be hollow.
In the ray of light which entered by the narrow window of his cell, he held open in his left hand, of which alone, it will be recollected, he retained the use, a sheet of paper, which, from being constantly rolled into a small compass, had the form of a cylinder, and was not easily kept open.
Embracing the huge cylinder, as closely as possible, with his arms and knees, seizing with his hands some projections, and resting his naked toes upon others, Jupiter, after one or two narrow escapes from falling, at length wriggled himself into the first great fork, and seemed to consider the whole business as virtually accomplished.
Something long and round bent under the pressure, there was a whirr and the voice stopped - as voices must if you ram a thrice-doubled coat on to the wax cylinder and into the works of an expensive phonograph.
He stood there, patient and considering, with his small neat foot on a coil of rope, his back to everything that had been disembarked, his neck elongated in its polished cylinder, while the fragrance of his big cigar mingled with the odour of the rotting piles, and his little sister, beside him, hugged a huge post and tried to see how far she could crane over the water without falling in.
It was the clank of the levers and the swish of the leaking cylinder.
He had picked from a drawer a little tarnished cylinder, and, undoing the tape, he handed me a short note scrawled upon a half-sheet of slate gray-paper.
Squish, squash, echoed the milk in the great cylinder, but never arose the sound they waited for.
These apparently circled the tower at six-foot intervals, in bands six feet apart; and as each stone cylinder protruded some four or five inches beyond the surface of the other ornamentation, they presented a comparatively easy mode of ascent could I but reach them.
You will now readily understand, gentlemen, the apparatus that I have described to you is really a gas cylinder and blow-pipe for oxygen and hydrogen, the heat of which exceeds that of a forge fire.