cystine


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Related to cystine: dentine

cys·tine

 (sĭs′tēn′)
n.
A white crystalline amino acid, C6H12N2O4S2, that is formed from the disulfide linkage of two cysteines during the folding of many proteins, especially keratin, and stabilizes the tertiary structure of the protein.

[From its discovery in bladder stones.]

cystine

(ˈsɪstiːn; -tɪn)
n
(Biochemistry) a sulphur-containing amino acid present in proteins: yields two molecules of cysteine on reduction. Formula: HOOCCH(NH2)CH2SSCH2CH(NH2)COOH
[C19: see cysto- (bladder), -ine2; named from its being discovered in a type of urinary calculus]

cys•tine

(ˈsɪs tin, -tɪn)

n.
a crystalline amino acid, C6H12O4N2S2, occurring in most proteins, esp. the keratins.
[1835–45; < Greek kýst(is) bladder, cyst + -ine2; so called because found in the bladder]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cystine - a crystalline amino acid found in proteins (especially keratin); discovered in bladder stones
amino acid, aminoalkanoic acid - organic compounds containing an amino group and a carboxylic acid group; "proteins are composed of various proportions of about 20 common amino acids"
Translations
Cystin
cystyna

cys·tine

n. cistina, aminoácido producido durante la digestión de las proteínas, presente a veces en la orina.

cystine

n cistina
References in periodicals archive ?
Tenders are invited for Supply of N-Acetyl Cystine Usp 200 Mg Plus Ambroxol Hcl Bp 30 Mg Cap/ Tab.
Japanese scientists have succeeded in reversing a key part of how we age using cystine, a common supplement.
Moringa is also a good source of protein including large amounts of the sulfur-containing amino acids, methionine and cystine.
Nephropathic cystinosis is a rare, inherited condition caused by a build up of cystine that affects every cell in the body.
Methionine and cystine were determined as methionine sulfone and cysteic acid after cold performic acid oxidation overnight and hydrolysing with 7.
The only exception being cystine whose value was the same for both the treated (at 1 M and 2M NaOH) and untreated seed cakes.
Furthermore, eggs are rich in an amino acid called cystine, which helps fight against the alcoholinduced toxins that contribute to your hangover.
Cystine stones occur in individuals who have hereditary cystinuria (2).
It causes an accumulation of the amino acid cystine within cells, forming crystals that can build up and damage a the cells, particularly in the eyes and kidneys.
In a Phase 3 study, PROCYSBI showed consistent cystine depletion over the full 12-hour dosing period.
44%, a novel treatment for corneal cystine crystal accumulation as a result of cystinosis, a rare, genetic lysosomal-storage disease.