cytoplasm


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cy·to·plasm

 (sī′tə-plăz′əm)
n.
The protoplasm enclosed by the plasma membrane of cell, excluding the nucleus in eukaryotic cells and cellular DNA in prokaryotic cells.

cy′to·plas′mic (-plăz′mĭk) adj.
cy′to·plas′mi·cal·ly adv.

cytoplasm

(ˈsaɪtəʊˌplæzəm)
n
(Microbiology) the protoplasm of a cell contained within the cell membrane but excluding the nucleus: contains organelles, vesicles, and other inclusions
ˌcytoˈplasmic adj

cy•to•plasm

(ˈsaɪ təˌplæz əm)

n.
the cell substance between the cell membrane and the nucleus, containing the cytosol, organelles, cytoskeleton, and various particles.
[1870–75; cyto- + -plasm]
cy`to•plas′mic, adj.

cy·to·plasm

(sī′tə-plăz′əm)
The jelly-like material that makes up much of a cell inside the cell membrane, and, in eukaryotic cells, surrounds the nucleus. The organelles of the cell, such as mitochondria and (in green plants) chloroplasts, are contained in the cytoplasm. The cytoplasm together with the nucleus make up the cell's protoplasm. See more at cell.

cytoplasm

the entire substance of a cell excluding the nucleus.
See also: Heredity
the protoplasm of a cell, not including the nucleus. — cytoplasmic, adj.
See also: Cells

cytoplasm

1. The region of a cell between the nucleus and membrane, containing the organelles.
2. A cell’s jellylike contents except for the nucleus.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cytoplasm - the protoplasm of a cell excluding the nucleuscytoplasm - the protoplasm of a cell excluding the nucleus; is full of proteins that control cell metabolism
cell - (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals
plasmodium - multinucleate sheet of cytoplasm characteristic of some stages of such organisms as slime molds
living substance, protoplasm - the substance of a living cell (including cytoplasm and nucleus)
cytoplast - the intact cytoplasmic content of a cell
cytoskeleton - a microscopic network of actin filaments and microtubules in the cytoplasm of many living cells that gives the cell shape and coherence
cytosol - the aqueous part of the cytoplasm within which various particles and organelles are suspended
ectoplasm - the outer granule-free layer of cytoplasm
endoplasm - the inner portion of the cytoplasm of a cell
hyaloplasm, ground substance - the clear nongranular portion of the cytoplasm of a cell
microsome - a tiny granule in the cytoplasm that is where protein synthesis takes place under the direction of mRNA
dictyosome, Golgi apparatus, Golgi body, Golgi complex - a netlike structure in the cytoplasm of animal cells (especially in those cells that produce secretions)
central body, centrosome - small region of cytoplasm adjacent to the nucleus; contains the centrioles and serves to organize the microtubules
sarcoplasm - the cytoplasm of a striated muscle fiber
syncytium - a mass of cytoplasm containing several nuclei and enclosed in a membrane but no internal cell boundaries (as in muscle fibers)
Translations
solulimasytoplasma
citoplazma
umfrymi

cytoplasm

[ˈsaɪtəʊplæzm] Ncitoplasma m

cytoplasm

nZytoplasma nt, → Zellplasma nt

cytoplasm

[ˈsaɪtəʊˌplæzm] ncitoplasma m

cy·to·plasm

n. citoplasma, protoplasma de una célula con exclusión del núcleo.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cancer grows anyway, since the mitochondria and cytoplasm are still defective in the resulting clone.
Using light, we can measure cells inside tissue and we can look inside the cells to distinguish, for example, the properties of the nucleus and cytoplasm," said team lead Dr.
monocytogenes cells after exposure to sublethal heat stress were the thickening of cell wall and clumping of cytoplasm with some exceptions as compared to that of non-heat shocked control cells (Figure 1).
Microscopically, the tumor was composed of nests to sheets of polygonal cells with eosinophilic granular cytoplasm and very sharp, distinct cell borders.
Smears and filter preparations were cellular and composed of predominant dissociated and occasional clusters of variably sized neoplastic cells, some with uniform granular cytoplasm and some with flocculent cytoplasm having well defined cell borders, round to oval nuclei without nucleoli and irregular nuclear membrane giving a "raisinoid" appearance (Figure 1a).
They have a dense cytoplasm with irregular shape filled with numerous small vesicles, oil body, abundant amyloplasts and a prominent centrally placed nucleus (Fig.
The cytoplasm in some sections became electron-lucent, devoid of ribosome and contained dense bodies and membrane whorls.
While the extrinsic apoptotic pathway is initiated by the activation of Fas (CD95) and tumor necrosis factor [alpha] receptors and their respective ligands, the intrinsic pathway is initiated by apoptotic stresses, such as p53, and ultimately results in disruption of the mitochondrial membrane and leakage of cytochrome-c into cell cytoplasm.
Microtubules closely invest the nucleus, now tetrahedral in shape, and radiate into the cytoplasm (Fig.
Researchers like Gitler and Farese have been able to mimic the disease in yeast by expressing TDP-43 at higher-than-normal levels, which causes the protein to form lethal clumps in the cells' cytoplasm.
Cells treated with crocin exhibited wide cytoplasmic vacuole-like areas, reduced cytoplasm, cell shrinkage and pyknotic nuclei, suggesting apoptosis induction.