cytosine

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Related to cytosine arabinoside: Daunorubicin

cy·to·sine

 (sī′tə-sēn′)
n. Abbr. C
A pyrimidine base, C4H5N3O, that is the constituent of DNA and RNA involved in base-pairing with guanine.

[cyt(o)- + (rib)os(e) + -ine.]

cytosine

(ˈsaɪtəsɪn)
n
(Biochemistry) a white crystalline pyrimidine occurring in nucleic acids; 6-amino-2-hydroxy pyrimidine. Formula: C4H5N3O. See also DNA, RNA

cy•to•sine

(ˈsaɪ təˌsin, -ˌzin, -sɪn)

n.
a pyrimidine base, C4H5N3O, that is one of the fundamental components of DNA and RNA, in which it forms a base pair with guanine. Symbol: C
[< German Cytosin (1894); see cyto-, -ose2, -ine2]

cy·to·sine

(sī′tə-sēn′)
A base that is a component of DNA and RNA, forming a base pair with guanine.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cytosine - a base found in DNA and RNA and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with guanine
deoxyribonucleic acid, desoxyribonucleic acid, DNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information; "DNA is the king of molecules"
ribonucleic acid, RNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes; it transmits genetic information from DNA to the cytoplasm and controls certain chemical processes in the cell; "ribonucleic acid is the genetic material of some viruses"
pyrimidine - any of several basic compounds derived from pyrimidine
Translations
Cytosin
cytosine
cytozyna
References in periodicals archive ?
Multi-centre pilot study of 2-chlorodeoxyadenosine and cytosine arabinoside combined chemotherapy in refractory Langerhans cell histiocytosis with haematological dysfunction.
It has been most commonly reported after intravenous use of chemotherapeutic agents such as 5-fluorouracil, docetaxel and combinations of methotrexate, cytosine arabinoside, daunorubicin, 6-mercaptopurine, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinka alkaloids and dacarbazine.
Concurrent use of granulocyte colont-stimulatig factor with low-dose cytosine arabinoside and aclarubicin for previously treated acute myelogenous leukemia: pilot study.
Since patients were given 6-TG plus cytosine arabinoside, authors were unable to ascribe this complication solely to 6-TG (3).
This was followed by consolidation over 4 weeks with cyclophosphamide 1000mg/m2 day 1 and 14, cytosine arabinoside 75mg/m2 for 4 days every week and oral 6MP daily with weekly intrathecal methotrexate.
Combination chemotherapy using L-asparaginase, daunorubicin, and cytosine arabinoside in adults with acute myelogenous leukaemia.
A cannula and osmotic pump is surgically inserted into mice with either artificial cerebral spinal fluid or anti-mitotic agent cytosine arabinoside (AraC).