cytosine


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Related to cytosine: cytidine

cy·to·sine

 (sī′tə-sēn′)
n. Abbr. C
A pyrimidine base, C4H5N3O, that is the constituent of DNA and RNA involved in base-pairing with guanine.

[cyt(o)- + (rib)os(e) + -ine.]

cytosine

(ˈsaɪtəsɪn)
n
(Biochemistry) a white crystalline pyrimidine occurring in nucleic acids; 6-amino-2-hydroxy pyrimidine. Formula: C4H5N3O. See also DNA, RNA

cy•to•sine

(ˈsaɪ təˌsin, -ˌzin, -sɪn)

n.
a pyrimidine base, C4H5N3O, that is one of the fundamental components of DNA and RNA, in which it forms a base pair with guanine. Symbol: C
[< German Cytosin (1894); see cyto-, -ose2, -ine2]

cy·to·sine

(sī′tə-sēn′)
A base that is a component of DNA and RNA, forming a base pair with guanine.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cytosine - a base found in DNA and RNA and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with guanine
deoxyribonucleic acid, desoxyribonucleic acid, DNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information; "DNA is the king of molecules"
ribonucleic acid, RNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes; it transmits genetic information from DNA to the cytoplasm and controls certain chemical processes in the cell; "ribonucleic acid is the genetic material of some viruses"
pyrimidine - any of several basic compounds derived from pyrimidine
Translations
Cytosin
cytosine
cytozyna
References in periodicals archive ?
The cytosine and total nucleic acid bases concentrations were not influenced by the time of sampling in rumen.
Till now, the insertion of a single cytosine in a coding variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) region of the MUC1 gene, a rare type of mutation, is the only reported causative mutation of MCKD1.
The answer to this comes in realizing that uracil is also structurally similar to the other DNA pyridine, cytosine, having an exocyclic oxygen where cytosine has an amine (-NH2).
Keywords: Gas chromatography, Guanine, Adenine, Cytosine, Thymine, Ethyl chloroformate.
5fC is one of these marks, and is formed when enzymes called TET enzymes add oxygen to methylated DNA -- a DNA molecule with smaller molecules of methyl attached to the cytosine base.
We used 40 pairs of primers to detect methylated cytosine in the non-elongating internode and elongating internode cells.
We know -- we see again -- that from the universal genetic alphabet of adenine, thymine, cytosine and guanine, endless variety has sprung and keeps springing.
A randomized investigation of high-dose versus standard-dose cytosine arabinoside with daunorubicin in patients with previously untreated acute myeloid leukemia: a Southwest oncology group study.
Methylation of cytosine to 5-methylcytosine (5-mC) is a major epigenetic event which interferes with the binding of proteins to DNA resulting in the exquisite control of gene expression and cell differentiation.
The genotypes B, C, D and E have thymine in nt 1858, F has cytosine or thymine and A generally has cytosine.
corresponding author of the paper, said that scientists knew the main functions of APOBEC cytosine deaminases were to inactivate viruses that attack the body and prevent ancient viruses present in the human genome from moving around and causing disrupting mutations.