edema

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Related to cytotoxic edema: Vasogenic edema

e·de·ma

also oe·de·ma (ĭ-dē′mə)
n. pl. e·de·mas or e·de·ma·ta (-mə-tə) also oe·de·mas or oe·de·ma·ta
1. Medicine An excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue spaces or a body cavity.
2. Botany A condition of plants characterized by blisterlike swellings on the leaves or other parts, caused by an accumulation of water.

[Middle English ydema, from Greek oidēma, a swelling, from oidein, to swell.]

e·dem′a·tous (ĭ-dĕm′ə-təs) adj.

edema

(ɪˈdiːmə)
n, pl -mata (-mətə)
(Pathology) the usual US spelling of oedema
edematous, eˈdemaˌtose adj

e•de•ma

(ɪˈdi mə)

n., pl. -mas, -ma•ta (-mə tə)
1. an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the tissue spaces, cavities, or joint capsules of the body, causing swelling of the area.
2. a similar swelling in plants caused by excessive moisture.
[1490–1500; < New Latin oedēma < Greek oídēma a swelling =oidē-, variant s. of oideîn to swell + -ma n. suffix]
e•dem•a•tous (ɪˈdɛm ə təs, ɪˈdi mə-) e•dem′a•tose (-ˌtoʊs) adj.

e·de·ma

(ĭ-dē′mə)
An excessive accumulation of fluid in body tissue that results in swelling.

edema

abnormal collecting of fluids in the cells, tissues, and other parts of the body, causing swelling. — edematous, edematose, adj.
See also: Disease and Illness

edema

An abnormal increase in interstitial fluid, resulting in swollen tissues.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.edema - swelling from excessive accumulation of watery fluid in cells, tissues, or serous cavitiesedema - swelling from excessive accumulation of watery fluid in cells, tissues, or serous cavities
angioedema, atrophedema, giant hives, periodic edema, Quincke's edema - recurrent large circumscribed areas of subcutaneous edema; onset is sudden and it disappears within 24 hours; seen mainly in young women, often as an allergic reaction to food or drugs
lymphedema - swelling (usually in the legs) caused by lymph accumulating in the tissues in the affected areas
scleredema - a skin disease marked by hard edema of the tissue usually beginning in the face
cystoid macular edema - a specific pattern of swelling in the central retina
puffiness, swelling, lump - an abnormal protuberance or localized enlargement
anasarca - generalized edema with accumulation of serum in subcutaneous connective tissue
chemosis - edema of the mucous membrane of the eyeball and eyelid lining
papilledema - swelling of the optic disc (where the optic nerve enters the eyeball); usually associated with an increase in intraocular pressure
brain edema, cerebral edema - swelling of the brain due to the uptake of water in the neuropile and white matter
Translations
ödéma

edema

n (esp US) → Ödem nt

e·de·ma

n. edema, acumulación anormal de líquido en los tejidos intracelulares;
angioneurotic ______ angioneurótico;
brain ______ cerebral;
cardiac ______ cardíaco;
dependent ______ dependiente;
pitting ______ de fóvea;
pulmonary ______ pulmonar.

edema

n edema m, hinchazón f; pulmonary — edema pulmonar
References in periodicals archive ?
Several theories have been postulated, including intramyelinic edema due to transient disruption of energy metabolism, which may cause reversible myelin vacuolization (11), antiepileptic drug toxicity-induced reversible demyelination (12), alteration of the arginine-vasopressin system which may affect brain hydric content (13), and development of an inflammatory infiltrate with influx of inflammatory cells and molecules possibly combined with related cytotoxic edema (14).
Diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) has been shown to be a reliable method in distinguishing vasogenic edema in PRES from cytotoxic edema seen in cerebral ischemia (10,11).
However, if not recognized and treated promptly, conversion to irreversible cytotoxic edema can occur.
But this technique provides detailed information about the makeup of lesions, showing vasogenic and cytotoxic edema, as well as location in the superficial or deep structures in both gray and white matter.
One is vasogenic edema, which occurs as a result of breakdown of the endothelial blood-brain barrier leading to interstitial brain edema; the other is cytotoxic edema caused by swelling of astrocytes as a result of altered intracellular osmotic balance or dysfunctional cellular membrane (8).

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