Ocular morbid conditions are cataract, refractive errors, Xerophthalmia, Pterygium, strabismus, dacryocystitis
, etc; are some of them.
Associated ocular pathologies--including dacryocystitis
, agenesis of the lacrimal punctum and canaliculus, lacrimal tract stenosis, and infections of the lower eyelid--have been reported, as have hypertelorism and strabismus.
The other is a disease called chronic dacryocystitis
- this is inflammation of the tear gland that leads to pus forming in the eye that then blocks the tear duct.
If lacrimal drainage is compromised by the cyst, concomitant dacryocystitis
and/or symptomatic epiphora (watery eye) may affect patients, particularly with bilateral cysts.
Various developmental malformations have been reported to be associated with osteopoikilosis, including: coarctation of the aorta, double ureter, pubertas praecox, urogenital defects, growth abnormalities, peptic ulcer, diabetes mellitus at the endodermal strata level; arthritis, exostoses, osteitis condensans ilii, Klippel-Feil Syndrome, melorheostosis, spinal stenosis, cervical myelopathy, dacryocystitis
, giant cell tumor, fibrous dysplasia, chondrosarcoma, osteosarcoma, synovial chondromatosis at the mesodermal level; facial abnormalities, hare lip, dental abnormalities, dermatofibrosis lenticularis disseminata, keloid formation, plantar and palmar keratomas at the ectodermal level (14-16).
In south India, corneal injury was an overwhelming risk factor followed by chronic dacryocystitis
, spheroidal degeneration of the cornea, blepharitis, conjunctivitis, pre-existing viral keratitis, bullous keratopathy, dry eyes and exposure keratitis (8,9,17).