damage


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dam·age

 (dăm′ĭj)
n.
1. Destruction or a loss in value, usefulness, or ability resulting from an action or event.
2. damages Law Money required to be paid as compensation for an injury or wrong.
3. Informal Cost; price: What's the damage for the tickets to the show?
v. dam·aged, dam·ag·ing, dam·ag·es
v.tr.
To cause damage to.
v.intr.
To suffer or be susceptible to damage.

[Middle English, from Old French : dam, loss (from Latin damnum) + -age, -age.]

dam′age·a·bil′i·ty n.
dam′age·a·ble adj.
dam′ag·ing·ly adv.

damage

(ˈdæmɪdʒ)
n
1. injury or harm impairing the function or condition of a person or thing
2. loss of something desirable
3. informal cost; expense (esp in the phrase what's the damage?)
vb
4. (tr) to cause damage to
5. (intr) to suffer damage
[C14: from Old French, from Latin damnum injury, loss, fine]
ˈdamageable adj
ˌdamageaˈbility n
ˈdamager n
ˈdamaging adj
ˈdamagingly adv

dam•age

(ˈdæm ɪdʒ)

n., v. -aged, -ag•ing. n.
1. injury or harm that reduces value, usefulness, etc.
2. damages, the estimated money equivalent for loss or injury sustained.
3. Often, damages.Informal. cost; expense; charge: What are the damages for the work on my car?
v.t.
4. to cause damage to.
v.i.
5. to become damaged.
[1250–1300; < Old French dam (< Latin damnum damage, fine) see damn]
dam′age•a•ble, adj.
dam′age•a•bil`i•ty, n.
dam′ag•er, n.

damage

1. 'damage' and 'harm'

Damage is one of several verbs which refer to ways of causing injury or harm. Damage and harm are the most general verbs.

It is important for a child to learn that one should not damage someone else's property.
Too much detergent cannot harm a fabric, so long as it has been properly dissolved.
2. severe damage

The following verbs refer to severe damage or harm of a general kind:

defiledesecratedestroydevastatemangle
mutilatepull apartravageruinvandalize
wreck 
The statue was destroyed.
Shops, cars and houses were ruined in the blasts.

Defile and desecrate are used to refer to damage done to something precious, pure, or sacred.

They began to find their places of worship desecrated with blood and mud.
3. damage to someone's body

The following verbs refer to damage done to a person's body:

bruiseinjurestabwound 
Every year thousands of people are injured in accidents at work.
During the war he had been wounded in Africa.

Injure and wound are the most general terms, although wound is used mainly to refer to injuries caused in fighting. If someone is bruised, their skin is not broken but a purple mark appears. People are stabbed with something pointed, such as a knife.

4. spoiling

The following verbs refer to acts which spoil the appearance or surface of something:

defacediscolourdisfiguremarkscar
smearsmudgespoilstain 
He was strongly cautioned against defacing the walls with obscenities.
When he untied the bundle in his kitchen, there were five oily guns staining the white cloth.

Deface, disfigure, mark, and spoil are the most general terms.

5. cutting

The following verbs are used to refer to damage done with a knife, axe, or other sharp instrument:

cutchopgashhacklacerate
lop offnickpiercescorescratch
severslashsliceslit 
Their clothes were slashed to ribbons.
The wire had been neatly severed.

If you cut, chop, hack, lop, slash, or slice part of something off, you remove it.

Most of my hair had to be cut off.

Only lop has to be used with off; you can use the other five verbs without 'off' to refer to damage that does not remove part of the object.

You can also sever part of something. Sever is a formal word.

One constable's hand was severed by a sword blow.

If you score or scratch something, you make a thin line in its surface. If you nick something, you make a small cut in it. The other verbs refer to bigger or deeper cuts.

6. dividing into pieces

The following verbs refer to dividing something hard by force into two or more pieces, or dividing one part of it from another:

breakchipcrackfractureshatter
smashsnapsplintersplit 
A crowd of youths started smashing windows.
Crack the eggs into a bowl.

If you chip or splinter something, you break a small piece of it off. If you crack something, a line appears where two parts of it are no longer joined. The other verbs refer to more serious damage.

You tear, rip, or shred cloth or paper.

She took the cheque and tore it into pieces.
A twig ripped a hole in my sleeve.

You burst something that is completely full of air or liquid, such as a balloon.

If you crumble, crush, or pulverize something, you press it so that it becomes a mass of small pieces.

I crumbled bread in my hands.
Peel and crush the garlic.
7. changing the shape

The following verbs refer to acts which damage something by changing its shape:

bendcrumpledentflattensquash
twist 
He crumpled each picture and threw it on the floor.
The large bronze urns were dented beyond restoring.

Crush can also be used with this meaning when you are talking about cloth or paper.

Her dress had got crushed.

damage


Past participle: damaged
Gerund: damaging

Imperative
damage
damage
Present
I damage
you damage
he/she/it damages
we damage
you damage
they damage
Preterite
I damaged
you damaged
he/she/it damaged
we damaged
you damaged
they damaged
Present Continuous
I am damaging
you are damaging
he/she/it is damaging
we are damaging
you are damaging
they are damaging
Present Perfect
I have damaged
you have damaged
he/she/it has damaged
we have damaged
you have damaged
they have damaged
Past Continuous
I was damaging
you were damaging
he/she/it was damaging
we were damaging
you were damaging
they were damaging
Past Perfect
I had damaged
you had damaged
he/she/it had damaged
we had damaged
you had damaged
they had damaged
Future
I will damage
you will damage
he/she/it will damage
we will damage
you will damage
they will damage
Future Perfect
I will have damaged
you will have damaged
he/she/it will have damaged
we will have damaged
you will have damaged
they will have damaged
Future Continuous
I will be damaging
you will be damaging
he/she/it will be damaging
we will be damaging
you will be damaging
they will be damaging
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been damaging
you have been damaging
he/she/it has been damaging
we have been damaging
you have been damaging
they have been damaging
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been damaging
you will have been damaging
he/she/it will have been damaging
we will have been damaging
you will have been damaging
they will have been damaging
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been damaging
you had been damaging
he/she/it had been damaging
we had been damaging
you had been damaging
they had been damaging
Conditional
I would damage
you would damage
he/she/it would damage
we would damage
you would damage
they would damage
Past Conditional
I would have damaged
you would have damaged
he/she/it would have damaged
we would have damaged
you would have damaged
they would have damaged
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.damage - the occurrence of a change for the worsedamage - the occurrence of a change for the worse
alteration, change, modification - an event that occurs when something passes from one state or phase to another; "the change was intended to increase sales"; "this storm is certainly a change for the worse"; "the neighborhood had undergone few modifications since his last visit years ago"
detriment, hurt - a damage or loss
deformation, distortion - a change for the worse
ravel, ladder, run - a row of unravelled stitches; "she got a run in her stocking"
2.damage - loss of military equipment
battle damage, combat casualty - loss of military equipment in battle
operational casualty, operational damage - loss of military equipment in field operations
casualty - a decrease of military personnel or equipment
armed forces, armed services, military, military machine, war machine - the military forces of a nation; "their military is the largest in the region"; "the military machine is the same one we faced in 1991 but now it is weaker"
3.damage - the act of damaging something or someone
change of integrity - the act of changing the unity or wholeness of something
impairment - damage that results in a reduction of strength or quality
defacement, disfiguration, disfigurement - the act of damaging the appearance or surface of something; "the defacement of an Italian mosaic during the Turkish invasion"; "he objected to the dam's massive disfigurement of the landscape"
wounding, wound - the act of inflicting a wound
burn - damage inflicted by fire
defloration - an act that despoils the innocence or beauty of something
4.damage - the amount of money needed to purchase somethingdamage - the amount of money needed to purchase something; "the price of gasoline"; "he got his new car on excellent terms"; "how much is the damage?"
cost - the total spent for goods or services including money and time and labor
asking price, selling price - the price at which something is offered for sale
bid price - (stock market) the price at which a broker is willing to buy a certain security
closing price - (stock market) the price of the last transaction completed during a day's trading session
factory price - price charged for goods picked up at the factory
highway robbery - an exorbitant price; "what they are asking for gas these days is highway robbery"
purchase price - the price at which something is actually purchased
cash price, spot price - the current delivery price of a commodity traded in the spot market
support level - (stock market) the price at which a certain security becomes attractive to investors
valuation - assessed price; "the valuation of this property is much too high"
5.damage - any harm or injury resulting from a violation of a legal right
injury - wrongdoing that violates another's rights and is unjustly inflicted
Verb1.damage - inflict damage upon; "The snow damaged the roof"; "She damaged the car when she hit the tree"
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
burn - burn with heat, fire, or radiation; "The iron burnt a hole in my dress"
frost - damage by frost; "The icy precipitation frosted the flowers and they turned brown"
bilge - cause to leak; "the collision bilged the vessel"
break - render inoperable or ineffective; "You broke the alarm clock when you took it apart!"
total - damage beyond the point of repair; "My son totaled our new car"; "the rock star totals his guitar at every concert"
bruise - damage (plant tissue) by abrasion or pressure; "The customer bruised the strawberries by squeezing them"
disturb - damage as if by shaking or jarring; "Don't disturb the patient's wounds by moving him too rapidly!"
afflict, smite - cause physical pain or suffering in; "afflict with the plague"
injure, hurt - cause damage or affect negatively; "Our business was hurt by the new competition"
impair - make worse or less effective; "His vision was impaired"
flaw, blemish - add a flaw or blemish to; make imperfect or defective
corrode, rust, eat - cause to deteriorate due to the action of water, air, or an acid; "The acid corroded the metal"; "The steady dripping of water rusted the metal stopper in the sink"
eat away, erode, fret - remove soil or rock; "Rain eroded the terraces"
mutilate, cut up, mangle - destroy or injure severely; "The madman mutilates art work"
shatter - damage or destroy; "The news of her husband's death shattered her life"
mar, deflower, impair, vitiate, spoil - make imperfect; "nothing marred her beauty"
wear away, whittle away, whittle down - cut away in small pieces
bang up, smash up, smash - damage or destroy as if by violence; "The teenager banged up the car of his mother"
2.damage - suffer or be susceptible to damage; "These fine china cups damage easily"
change - undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature; "She changed completely as she grew older"; "The weather changed last night"

damage

verb
1. spoil, hurt, injure, smash, harm, ruin, crush, devastate, mar, wreck, shatter, weaken, gut, demolish, undo, trash (slang), total (slang), impair, ravage, mutilate, annihilate, incapacitate, raze, deface, play (merry) hell with (informal) He damaged the car with a baseball bat.
spoil improve, fix, repair, mend, better
2. harm, ruin, mar, stain, taint, tarnish, blot, blemish, sully, smirch He doesn't want to damage his reputation as a political personality.
noun
1. destruction, harm, loss, injury, suffering, hurt, ruin, crushing, wrecking, shattering, devastation, detriment, mutilation, impairment, annihilation, ruination There have been many reports of minor damage to buildings.
destruction gain, improvement, reparation
2. harm, loss, injury, abuse, ill, impairment The administration wants to limit the damage done to international relations.
3. (Informal) cost, price, charge, rate, bill, figure, amount, total, payment, expense, outlay What's the damage for these tickets?
plural noun
1. (Law) compensation, fine, payment, satisfaction, amends, reparation, indemnity, restitution, reimbursement, atonement, recompense, indemnification, meed (archaic), requital He was vindicated in court and damages were awarded.

damage

noun
1. An act, instance, or consequence of breaking:
2. The action or result of inflicting loss or pain:
verb
To spoil the soundness or perfection of:
Translations
ضَرَريُصيب بِضَرَر، يُتْلِفيَضُرُتَعْويضات
poškoditpoškozeníškodaodškodné
skadebeskadigeerstatningødelægge
vauriovaurioittaavahingoittaavahinko
oštetitišteta
kármegkárosítmegrongáltönkretesz
skaîabæturskaîi, tjónskemma
損傷損傷する
손상손상하다
apgadintiatlyginimas už nuostoliussugadinimassužalojimasžala
bojājumskompensācija par zaudējumiempostījumssabojātsapostīt
avarie
odškodné
poškodovatiškoda
skada
ความเสียหายทำให้ได้รับอันตราย
zararzarar vermekzarar/ziyan vermekzedele mekhasar
làm hư hạithiệt hại

damage

[ˈdæmɪdʒ]
A. N
1. (gen) → daño m; (visible, eg on car) → desperfectos mpl; (to building, area) → daños pl
to do or cause damage to [+ building] → causar daños a; [+ machine] → causar desperfectos en
the bomb did a lot of damagela bomba causó muchos daños
not much damage was caused to the carel coche no sufrió grandes desperfectos
2. (fig) (to chances, reputation etc) → perjuicio m, daño m
to do or cause damage to sth/sbcausar perjuicio a algo/algn, perjudicar algo/a algn
the damage is doneel daño ya está hecho
what's the damage? (= cost) → ¿cuánto va a ser?, ¿qué se debe?
3. damages (Jur) → daños mpl y perjuicios
see also recover A2
B. VT (= harm) → dañar; [+ machine] → averiar, causar desperfectos en; [+ health, chances, reputation] → perjudicar
to be damaged in a collisionsufrir daños en un choque
C. CPD damage limitation exercise Ncampaña f para minimizar los daños

damage

[ˈdæmɪdʒ]
vt
(physically) [+ building] → endommager; [+ object] → abîmer
(= have negative effect on) [+ person] → faire du tort à; [+ reputation] → nuire à, causer du tort à; [+ economy] → avoir un effet néfaste sur
He doesn't want to damage his reputation → Il ne veut pas nuire à sa réputation., Il ne veut pas causer du tort à sa réputation.
These strikes are damaging the economy → Ces grèves sont mauvaises pour l'économie., Ces grèves ont un effet néfaste sur l'économie.
n (physical)dégâts mpl
His car suffered slight damage in the accident → Sa voiture a subi de légers dégâts lors de l'accident.
a bit of damage → quelques dégâts
serious damage → de gros dégâts, de graves dommages
extensive damage → d'énormes dommages
There was extensive damage to the house → La maison a subi d'énormes dommages.
to do damage → faire des dégâts
The storm did a lot of damage → La tempête a fait beaucoup de dégâts.
to cause damage → causer des dégâts
damage to property → dégâts matériels brain damage
(= negative effect) → tort m
damage to sth
the damage this did to the party's reputation → le tort que cela a fait à la réputation du parti
to inflict damage on sth → faire du tort à qch
the damage is done → le mal est fait
damages npl (LAW)dommages-intérêts mpl
to pay £5000 in damages → payer 5000 livres de dommages-intérêts
to award damages → accorder des dommages et intérêts
to be awarded damages
He was awarded damages → On lui a accordé des dommages et intérêts.damage limitation damage control n
It's too late for damage limitation → Il est trop tard pour essayer de limiter les dégâts.
an exercise in damage limitation → une opération visant à limiter les dégâts
to be engaged in damage control → s'efforcer de limiter les dégâtsdamage limitation exercise damage-limitation exercise nopération f visant à limiter les dégâts

damage

n
Schaden m (→ to an +dat); to do a lot of damagegroßen Schaden anrichten; to do somebody/something a lot of damagejdm/einer Sache (dat)großen Schaden zufügen; the damage to his pride/ego/reputationdie Verletzung seines Stolzes/Erschütterung seines Selbstbewusstseins/Schädigung seines Rufs; it did no damage to his reputationdas hat seinem Ruf nicht geschadet; the damage is done (fig)es ist passiert
damages pl (Jur) → Schaden(s)ersatz m (inf: = cost) what’s the damage?was kostet der Spaß? (inf)
vtschaden (+dat); health, reputation, relations alsoschädigen; machine, car, furniture, fruit, treebeschädigen; to damage one’s eyesightsich (dat)die Augen verderben; smoking can damage your healthRauchen ist gesundheitsschädlich, Rauchen schadet Ihrer Gesundheit; to damage one’s chancessich (dat)die Chancen verderben

damage

[ˈdæmɪdʒ]
1. n
a. (also fig) → danno, danni mpl
damage to property → danni materiali
to suffer damage → riportare or subire danni
the fire did a lot of damage → l'incendio ha provocato danni ingenti
to do damage to a relationship → pregiudicare un rapporto
what's the damage? (fam) (cost) → quanto ci tocca sborsare?
b. damages npl (Law) → danni mpl
liable for damages → tenuto/a al risarcimento dei danni
to pay £5000 in damages → pagare 5000 sterline di indennizzo
2. vt (furniture, crops, machine) → danneggiare; (health, eyesight) → rovinare; (hopes, reputation) → compromettere; (relationship) → guastare; (cause) → compromettere, recar danno a

damage

(ˈdӕmidʒ) noun
1. injury or hurt, especially to a thing. The storm did/caused a lot of damage; She suffered brain-damage as a result of the accident.
2. (in plural) payment for loss or injury suffered. The court awarded him $5,000 damages.
verb
to make less effective or less usable etc; to spoil. The bomb damaged several buildings; The book was damaged in the post.
ˈdamaged adjective
(negative undamaged). a damaged table.

damage

ضَرَر, يَضُرُ poškodit, poškození skade beschädigen, Schaden βλάβη, βλάπτω dañar, daño vahingoittaa, vaurio dommage, endommager oštetiti, šteta danneggiare, danno 損傷, 損傷する 손상, 손상하다 beschadigen, schade skade szkoda, uszkodzić danificar, dano наносить ущерб, ущерб skada ความเสียหาย, ทำให้ได้รับอันตราย zarar, zarar vermek làm hư hại, thiệt hại 损害

dam·age

n. daño, deterioro, lesión;
v. dañar, perjudicar; dañarse, perjudicarse.

damage

n daño; brain — daño cerebral; vt dañar, hacer daño
References in classic literature ?
Beth was worried by the confusion of her closet and the difficulty of learning three or four songs at once, and Amy deeply regretted the damage done her frock, for Katy Brown's party was to be the next day and now like Flora McFlimsey, she had `nothing to wear'.
In their camp, where, under the leadership of Tolpec they had been left to do the excavating, the natives had heard, seen and felt the effects of the storm and the earthquake, though it did little damage in their vicinity.
One night there was a beautiful electric storm, though not enough rain fell to damage the cut grain.
You are burnt beyond recognition," he added, looking at his wife as one looks at a valuable piece of personal property which has suffered some damage.
There is one other feature, very essential to be noticed, but which, we greatly fear, may damage any picturesque and romantic impression which we have been willing to throw over our sketch of this respectable edifice.
Captain D'Wolf applied immediately to the pumps to examine whether or not the vessel had received any damage from the shock, but we found that very happily it had escaped entirely uninjured.
Though the dogs might damage the gal, if they come on her unawars," said Haley.
Wherefore I beseech you let the dog and the onions and these people of the strange and godless names work out their several salvations from their piteous and wonderful difficulties without help of mine, for indeed their trouble is sufficient as it is, whereas an I tried to help I should but damage their cause the more and yet mayhap not live myself to see the deso- lation wrought.
These things are suffering damage and passing to decay, for the last Hirschhorn has been dead two hundred years, and there is nobody now who cares to preserve the family relics.
The twins considered that success in the election would reinstate them, and that defeat would work them irreparable damage.
The great foundation-beam of the door had been chipped and hacked through, with tedious labor; useless labor, too, it was, for the native rock formed a sill outside it, and upon that stubborn material the knife had wrought no effect; the only damage done was to the knife itself.
The Finches spent their money foolishly (the Hotel we dined at was in Covent-garden), and the first Finch I saw, when I had the honour of joining the Grove, was Bentley Drummle: at that time floundering about town in a cab of his own, and doing a great deal of damage to the posts at the street corners.