damage(redirected from damager)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia.
n., v. -aged, -ag•ing. n.
Damage is one of several verbs which refer to ways of causing injury or harm. Damage and harm are the most general verbs.
The following verbs refer to severe damage or harm of a general kind:
Defile and desecrate are used to refer to damage done to something precious, pure, or sacred.
The following verbs refer to damage done to a person's body:
Injure and wound are the most general terms, although wound is used mainly to refer to injuries caused in fighting. If someone is bruised, their skin is not broken but a purple mark appears. People are stabbed with something pointed, such as a knife.
The following verbs refer to acts which spoil the appearance or surface of something:
Deface, disfigure, mark, and spoil are the most general terms.
The following verbs are used to refer to damage done with a knife, axe, or other sharp instrument:
If you cut, chop, hack, lop, slash, or slice part of something off, you remove it.
Only lop has to be used with off; you can use the other five verbs without 'off' to refer to damage that does not remove part of the object.
You can also sever part of something. Sever is a formal word.
If you score or scratch something, you make a thin line in its surface. If you nick something, you make a small cut in it. The other verbs refer to bigger or deeper cuts.
The following verbs refer to dividing something hard by force into two or more pieces, or dividing one part of it from another:
If you chip or splinter something, you break a small piece of it off. If you crack something, a line appears where two parts of it are no longer joined. The other verbs refer to more serious damage.
You tear, rip, or shred cloth or paper.
You burst something that is completely full of air or liquid, such as a balloon.
If you crumble, crush, or pulverize something, you press it so that it becomes a mass of small pieces.
The following verbs refer to acts which damage something by changing its shape:
Crush can also be used with this meaning when you are talking about cloth or paper.
Past participle: damaged
|Noun||1.||damage - the occurrence of a change for the worse|
alteration, change, modification - an event that occurs when something passes from one state or phase to another; "the change was intended to increase sales"; "this storm is certainly a change for the worse"; "the neighborhood had undergone few modifications since his last visit years ago"
|2.||damage - loss of military equipment|
casualty - a decrease of military personnel or equipment
|3.||damage - the act of damaging something or someone|
change of integrity - the act of changing the unity or wholeness of something
impairment - damage that results in a reduction of strength or quality
defacement, disfiguration, disfigurement - the act of damaging the appearance or surface of something; "the defacement of an Italian mosaic during the Turkish invasion"; "he objected to the dam's massive disfigurement of the landscape"
burn - damage inflicted by fire
defloration - an act that despoils the innocence or beauty of something
|4.||damage - the amount of money needed to purchase something; "the price of gasoline"; "he got his new car on excellent terms"; "how much is the damage?"|
cost - the total spent for goods or services including money and time and labor
bid price - (stock market) the price at which a broker is willing to buy a certain security
closing price - (stock market) the price of the last transaction completed during a day's trading session
factory price - price charged for goods picked up at the factory
highway robbery - an exorbitant price; "what they are asking for gas these days is highway robbery"
purchase price - the price at which something is actually purchased
support level - (stock market) the price at which a certain security becomes attractive to investors
valuation - assessed price; "the valuation of this property is much too high"
|5.||damage - any harm or injury resulting from a violation of a legal right|
injury - wrongdoing that violates another's rights and is unjustly inflicted
|Verb||1.||damage - inflict damage upon; "The snow damaged the roof"; "She damaged the car when she hit the tree"|
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
burn - burn with heat, fire, or radiation; "The iron burnt a hole in my dress"
frost - damage by frost; "The icy precipitation frosted the flowers and they turned brown"
bilge - cause to leak; "the collision bilged the vessel"
break - render inoperable or ineffective; "You broke the alarm clock when you took it apart!"
total - damage beyond the point of repair; "My son totaled our new car"; "the rock star totals his guitar at every concert"
bruise - damage (plant tissue) by abrasion or pressure; "The customer bruised the strawberries by squeezing them"
disturb - damage as if by shaking or jarring; "Don't disturb the patient's wounds by moving him too rapidly!"
impair - make worse or less effective; "His vision was impaired"
corrode, rust, eat - cause to deteriorate due to the action of water, air, or an acid; "The acid corroded the metal"; "The steady dripping of water rusted the metal stopper in the sink"
shatter - damage or destroy; "The news of her husband's death shattered her life"
|2.||damage - suffer or be susceptible to damage; "These fine china cups damage easily"|
change - undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature; "She changed completely as she grew older"; "The weather changed last night"
spoil improve, fix, repair, mend, better
destruction gain, improvement, reparation
to do or cause damage to [+ building] → causar daños a; [+ machine] → causar desperfectos en
the bomb did a lot of damage → la bomba causó muchos daños
not much damage was caused to the car → el coche no sufrió grandes desperfectos
to do or cause damage to sth/sb → causar perjuicio a algo/algn, perjudicar algo/a algn
the damage is done → el daño ya está hecho
what's the damage? (= cost) → ¿cuánto va a ser?, ¿qué se debe?
to be damaged in a collision → sufrir daños en un choque
He doesn't want to damage his reputation → Il ne veut pas nuire à sa réputation., Il ne veut pas causer du tort à sa réputation.
These strikes are damaging the economy → Ces grèves sont mauvaises pour l'économie., Ces grèves ont un effet néfaste sur l'économie.
His car suffered slight damage in the accident → Sa voiture a subi de légers dégâts lors de l'accident.
a bit of damage → quelques dégâts
serious damage → de gros dégâts, de graves dommages
extensive damage → d'énormes dommages
There was extensive damage to the house → La maison a subi d'énormes dommages.
to do damage → faire des dégâts
The storm did a lot of damage → La tempête a fait beaucoup de dégâts.
to cause damage → causer des dégâts
damage to property → dégâts matériels brain damage
to pay £5000 in damages → payer 5000 livres de dommages-intérêts
to award damages → accorder des dommages et intérêts
to be awarded damages
He was awarded damages → On lui a accordé des dommages et intérêts.damage limitation damage control n
It's too late for damage limitation → Il est trop tard pour essayer de limiter les dégâts.
an exercise in damage limitation → une opération visant à limiter les dégâts
to be engaged in damage control → s'efforcer de limiter les dégâtsdamage limitation exercise damage-limitation exercise n → opération f visant à limiter les dégâts
damage to property → danni materiali
to suffer damage → riportare or subire danni
the fire did a lot of damage → l'incendio ha provocato danni ingenti
to do damage to a relationship → pregiudicare un rapporto
what's the damage? (fam) (cost) → quanto ci tocca sborsare?