dampen


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Idioms, Encyclopedia.

damp·en

 (dăm′pən)
v. damp·ened, damp·en·ing, damp·ens
v.tr.
1. To make damp.
2. To deaden, restrain, or depress: "trade moves ... aimed at dampening protectionist pressures in Congress" (Christian Science Monitor).
3. To soundproof.
v.intr.
To become damp.

damp′en·er n.

dampen

(ˈdæmpən)
vb
1. to make or become damp
2. (tr) to stifle; deaden
ˈdampener n

damp•en

(ˈdæm pən)

v.t.
1. to make damp; moisten.
2. to dull or deaden; depress: to dampen one's spirits.
v.i.
4. to become damp.
[1620–30]
damp′en•er, n.

dampen


Past participle: dampened
Gerund: dampening

Imperative
dampen
dampen
Present
I dampen
you dampen
he/she/it dampens
we dampen
you dampen
they dampen
Preterite
I dampened
you dampened
he/she/it dampened
we dampened
you dampened
they dampened
Present Continuous
I am dampening
you are dampening
he/she/it is dampening
we are dampening
you are dampening
they are dampening
Present Perfect
I have dampened
you have dampened
he/she/it has dampened
we have dampened
you have dampened
they have dampened
Past Continuous
I was dampening
you were dampening
he/she/it was dampening
we were dampening
you were dampening
they were dampening
Past Perfect
I had dampened
you had dampened
he/she/it had dampened
we had dampened
you had dampened
they had dampened
Future
I will dampen
you will dampen
he/she/it will dampen
we will dampen
you will dampen
they will dampen
Future Perfect
I will have dampened
you will have dampened
he/she/it will have dampened
we will have dampened
you will have dampened
they will have dampened
Future Continuous
I will be dampening
you will be dampening
he/she/it will be dampening
we will be dampening
you will be dampening
they will be dampening
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been dampening
you have been dampening
he/she/it has been dampening
we have been dampening
you have been dampening
they have been dampening
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been dampening
you will have been dampening
he/she/it will have been dampening
we will have been dampening
you will have been dampening
they will have been dampening
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been dampening
you had been dampening
he/she/it had been dampening
we had been dampening
you had been dampening
they had been dampening
Conditional
I would dampen
you would dampen
he/she/it would dampen
we would dampen
you would dampen
they would dampen
Past Conditional
I would have dampened
you would have dampened
he/she/it would have dampened
we would have dampened
you would have dampened
they would have dampened
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.dampen - smother or suppress; "Stifle your curiosity"
suffocate, choke - suppress the development, creativity, or imagination of; "His job suffocated him"
conquer, inhibit, stamp down, suppress, subdue, curb - to put down by force or authority; "suppress a nascent uprising"; "stamp down on littering"; "conquer one's desires"
2.dampen - make moistdampen - make moist; "The dew moistened the meadows"
wet - cause to become wet; "Wet your face"
humidify, moisturise, moisturize - make (more) humid; "We have a machine that humidifies the air in the house"
baste - cover with liquid before cooking; "baste a roast"
3.dampen - deaden (a sound or noise), especially by wrappingdampen - deaden (a sound or noise), especially by wrapping
soften - make (images or sounds) soft or softer
4.dampen - reduce the amplitude (of oscillations or waves)
weaken - lessen the strength of; "The fever weakened his body"
5.dampen - make vague or obscure or make (an image) less visible; "muffle the message"
soften, damp, weaken, dampen, break - lessen in force or effect; "soften a shock"; "break a fall"
6.dampen - check; keep in check (a fire)
retard, delay, check - slow the growth or development of; "The brain damage will retard the child's language development"
7.dampen - lessen in force or effect; "soften a shock"; "break a fall"
blunt, deaden - make less lively, intense, or vigorous; impair in vigor, force, activity, or sensation; "Terror blunted her feelings"; "deaden a sound"
deafen - make soundproof; "deafen a room"
deaden, damp, dampen - make vague or obscure or make (an image) less visible; "muffle the message"

dampen

verb
1. reduce, check, moderate, dash, dull, restrain, deter, stifle, lessen, smother, muffle, deaden Nothing seemed to dampen his enthusiasm.
2. moisten, wet, spray, make damp, bedew, besprinkle She took the time to dampen a cloth and wash her face.

dampen

verb
1. To make moist:
2. To decrease or dull the sound of:
Translations
يُخْمِد، يُهَدِّئ، يُثبِطيُرَطِّب
navlhčittlumitzchladit
dæmpefugtelægge en dæmper på
draga úrgera rakan
ovlažiti

dampen

[ˈdæmpən] VT
1. (= moisten) → humedecer
2. (fig) [+ hopes] → frustrar; [+ enthusiasm, zeal] → enfriar
his words dampened her hopessus palabras frustraron sus esperanzassus palabras le hicieron perder las esperanzas
I don't want to dampen your enthusiasm, butno quiero enfriar tu entusiasmo, pero ...no quiero hacer que pierdas tu entusiasmo, pero ...
to dampen sb's spiritsdesanimar or desalentar a algn
to dampen sb's ardourapagar el ardor de algn

dampen

[ˈdæmpən] vt
(= diminish) [+ enthusiasm, excitement] → refroidir
(= lower) to dampen sb's spirits → décourager qn
(= moisten) [+ cloth] → humecter
dampen down
vt sep (= check) [+ demands] → freiner; [+ economy] → freiner

dampen

[ˈdæmpn] vt (cloth, rag) → inumidire (fig) (enthusiasm) → raffreddare; (hopes) → diminuire
to dampen sb's courage → scoraggiare qn
to dampen sb's spirits → buttar giù qn
dampen down = damp down

damp

(dӕmp) adjective
slightly wet. This towel is still damp.
noun
slight wetness, especially in the air. The walls were brown with (the) damp.
ˈdampen verb
1. to make damp.
2. to make or become less fierce or strong (interest etc). The rain dampened everyone's enthusiasm considerably.
ˈdamper noun
1. something which lessens the strength of enthusiasm, interest etc. Her presence cast a damper on the proceedings.
2. a movable plate for controlling the draught eg in a stove.
ˈdampness noun
slight wetness.
damp down
1. to make (a fire) burn more slowly.
2. to reduce, make less strong. He was trying to damp down their enthusiasm.

dampen

vt. humedecer, mojar.
References in classic literature ?
Freshen the priming of your pistols--the midst of the falls is apt to dampen the brimstone--and stand firm for a close struggle, while I fire on their rush.
Do not, I beg of you, dampen today's sun with the showers of tomorrow.
I wish you'd do so too, and come and study with uncle, it would do you good, I'm sure," and Rose went back to counting vertebr‘ with such a happy face, that Aunt Myra had not the heart to say a word to dampen her ardour.
Bent on inspiring him with enthusiasm equal to her own, she declined to dampen what sparks he had caught by anything so uncheerful as a cold meal.
Eden Fromberg and Naomi Wolf's recent book, 'Vagina: A New Biography' has revealed that women can get pregnant five to eight days after having sex and even sitting in chairs can arouse women, but sitting for a long span on time can also dampen their orgasms, Time Magazine reported.
Firefighters used a hose reel to dampen down the rest of the skip to prevent it from being lit again.
Silent Running recently added SR CAR, a high performance liquid coating used to dampen vibration, reduce unwanted road noise and improve stereo quality to its product line.
Euro zone inflation data is due at 0900 GMT, with an expected rise likely to dampen the chances of an ECB rate cut next week.
A Hereford and Worcester Fire and Rescue Service spokesman said: "We will be continuing to dampen out the fire over the next few days.
Wet weather did not dampen spirits when around 50 clients turned out to take part in a 'beat-the-pro' competition, overseen by Handsworth Golf Club's professional golfer Lee Bashford.
According to the publication, rain failed to dampen spirits at six of them, including one where emergency services were called after the marquee collapsed.
Summary: The dreary weather failed to dampen spirits at the Big Jubilee Lunch street party in London as the first Royals made an appearance.